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The Courts and What They Do
Structure of U.S. Court SystemU.S. Supreme Court Original jurisdiction State Supreme Courts U.S. Circuit Cts State Cts of Appeals Federal Trial Cts State Trial Cts
What Courts Do Resolve Disputes Interpret Law Civil CasesCriminal Cases Interpret Law Regulations (from bureaucracy) Statutes Constitution Judicial Review
Civil Law Plaintiff v. Defendant Types of Civil LawContracts Torts Sources of Civil Law Statutes Common Law
Criminal Law State v. Individual (or Corporation) Statutory
Interpreting Law and Judicial ReviewDo bureaucratic regulations square with legislation? Does legislation square with the constitution?
Trial Courts Find facts Apply law to facts May use juries
Appellate Courts Was the law correctly interpreted and applied?Don’t mess with facts! No juries, no witnesses Briefs Oral argument “the record”
State Courts 97% of cases filed in state courtMost states elect judges
Federal Courts Judges appointed Life tenure Salary secureSenatorial courtesy Life tenure Salary secure
Federal and State Courts. Jurisdiction The types of cases a court can hear. Two types of jurisdiction: Original/Appellate. Original: The first step in.
Criminal Case. Civil Case Original Jurisdiction.
Jurisdiction 3: Original & Appellate. Major Classes of Jurisdiction Legislative jurisdiction –Congressional (Federal) –State –Municipal Executive Jurisdiction.
EOC Judicial – Systems / Structures
Ch The Role of the Federal Courts. Laws and Courts Legal conflicts are resolved by courts of law Legal conflicts are resolved by courts of law Apply.
LAW AND AMERICAN POLITICS 1.Law and Politics 2.Law and Social Order -regulate behavior -resolve disputes -secure rights and liberties -allocate resources.
Chapter 18.2 The Inferior Courts
Judicial. JUDICIAL BRANCH BASIC INFORMATION Types of Cases Civil – involves a lawsuit filed (plaintiff), and (defendant) court decides responsibility.
The Federal Courts.
JUDICIAL BRANCH THE UNITED STATES COURT SYSTEM. I. JURISDICTIONS A. Original Article III, section 2 B. Appellate.
The Federal Courts Chapter 16.
November 4, Who are these folks? In what branch of government do they belong? They are the justices who serve on the U.S. Supreme Court. It.
Chapter 10: The Judicial Branch
Dr. Roger Ward. Trial Courts ◦ Place where case begins ◦ Jury hears cases and decides disputed issues of fact ◦ Single judge presides over case Criminal.
Introduction to Legal Process in the United States
Introduction to Legal Process in the United States (1) Sources of law (2) Court system (3) Judicial process Alan R. Palmiter – Jan
Section 1.2 The Court System and Trial Procedures.
Introduction to Legal Process in the United States (1) Sources of law (2) Court system (3) Judicial process.
The Federal Courts Agenda Quiz Overview of the Judicial Court System
State Government Judicial Branch. VA Supreme Court 7 Justices (1 Chief and 6 Associates) Chosen by the General Assembly 12 year terms (8 years for lower.
Structure and Function of the American Judiciary.
Chapter 1 – Business and Personal Law. Judicial Decisions In the American legal system, judicial (court) decisions are primary sources of law, in addition.
Chapter 16. The Nature of the Judicial System Introduction: Two types of cases: Criminal Law: The government charges an individual with violating one.
The Judiciary Chapter 10- The Judiciary. Federal Judiciary Act of 1789 O Established the basic 3 step federal court system. 3. Supreme Court 2. Appellate.
Structure of the Federal Court System
The Judiciary. Trial Courts vs Appellate Courts (original jurisdiction vs appellate jurisdiction)
Following a Case Through the Federal Courts. Overview A case begins when a lawyer or individual files a formal complaint with the clerk’s office of District.
U.S. Federal Court System 7 th Grade Civics Mr. John Quiñones.
The Court System The United States has a federal court system as well as state court systems. Tribal court systems exist to settle disputes on Native.
The Judicial Branch ES: Explicitly assess information and draw conclusions.
Powers of the Federal Courts Ch. 11. I. The National Judiciary A. Creation of National Judiciary None made with the Articles of Confederation Hamilton.
The American Legal System
The Federal Courts Chapter 16. The Nature of the Judicial System Introduction: – Two types of cases: Criminal Law: The government charges and individual.
Chapter 15: The Federal Courts. The Federal Courts The legal system Federal courts The power of the Supreme Court: Judicial review Judicial power and.
The Federal Court System. District Courts The federal courts where trials are held and lawsuits are begun. The federal courts where trials are held and.
AP U.S. GOVERNMENT & POLITICS - Judiciary The Judiciary.
Chapter 2 Section 1 A Dual Court System. The Federal Court System.
The National and State Judiciary. Plaintiff: someone who brings a legal complaint Defendant: someone who is accused of wrong doing Burden of proof: what.
The Judicial Branch Chapter 10.
The Judicial Branch Chapter 11. Learning Objectives 11.1 Identify the sources of Texas law. 11.2Compare the functions of all participants in the justice.
Chapter 18 The Federal Court System. Section 1, The National Judiciary Objectives: Objectives: 1. Explain why the Constitution created a national judiciary,
3-2 Federal Court System By Kaitlyn Flanagan and Lindsey Hill.
The Judicial Branch Chapter 18. THE INFERIOR COURTS Section 2.
Chapter 3 Traditional and Online Dispute Resolution.
The Federal Courts Chapter 16. Our System is Adversarial.
THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM Chapter 18. The Judicial System Two types of cases: Criminal Law: Government charges an individual with violating one or more.
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