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WILLIAM SHAKESPEARES INFLUENCE ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 97501023 Phoebe 97504056 Shirley.

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Presentation on theme: "WILLIAM SHAKESPEARES INFLUENCE ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 97501023 Phoebe 97504056 Shirley."— Presentation transcript:

1 WILLIAM SHAKESPEARES INFLUENCE ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE Phoebe Shirley

2 I. CHANGES IN ENGLISH AT SHAKESPEARES TIME

3 William Shakespeare (16 th - 17 th ) Early Modern English The latter half of the 15th century( the end of the Middle English period )to 1650 Middle English

4 I. CHANGES IN ENGLISH AT SHAKESPEARES TIME The primary influence of printing press (invented in the 1476, 15 th ) Oral communication ---in English Written communication ---in Latin A practical means of reaching the public

5 I. CHANGES IN ENGLISH AT SHAKESPEARES TIME Words from other languages due to wars, exploration, diplomacy and colonization Neologism(N.) Neologize(V.) To invent, borrow, or adopt a word or phrase from another language Between , 30,000 new words were added to the English language

6 II. INFLUENCE ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE -Vocabulary -Blank verse -Poetry

7 A. WORDS USED BY SHAKESPEARE 1. Invention: Misconception: Shakespeare "invented" many English words. Truth: Shakespeare's works are often the earliest cited written record of many words.

8 A. WORDS USED BY SHAKESPEARE 1. Invention: Reason: Words are generally used in speech before appearing in writing, and oral uses are not recorded, therefore most words cannot be confirmed of their origins. Dictionary: Oxford English Dictionary (OED) lists a quotation from Shakespeare as its earliest example for many words or senses of a word.

9 2. EXAMPLES OF THE WORDS USED BY SHAKESPEARE Amazement (Noun) Definition : Overwhelming wonder, whether due to mere surprise or to admiration. Quotation: 1602 SHAKESPEARE Ham. III. ii. 339 Your behauior hath stroke her into amazement, and admiration.SHAKESPEARE

10 2. EXAMPLES OF THE WORDS USED BY SHAKESPEARE Control (Noun) Definition: The fact of controlling, or of checking and directing action; the function or power of directing and regulating; domination, command, sway. Quotation: 1590 SHAKESPEARE Com. Err. II. i. 19 The winged fowles Are their males subiects, and at their controules.SHAKESPEARE

11 2. EXAMPLES OF THE WORDS USED BY SHAKESPEARE Exposure (Noun) Definition: The action of exposing; the fact or state of being exposed. a. The action of uncovering or leaving without shelter or defence; unsheltered or undefended condition. Also, the action of subjecting, the state or fact of being subjected, to any external influence. Quotation: 1606 SHAKESPEARE Tr. & Cr. I. iii. 195 To weaken and discredit our exposure, How ranke soeuer rounded in with danger.SHAKESPEARE

12 2. EXAMPLES OF THE WORDS USED BY SHAKESPEARE Lonely (Adjective) Definition: Of persons, etc., their actions, condition, etc.: Having no companionship or society; unaccompanied, solitary, lone. Quotation: 1607 SHAKESPEARE Cor. IV. i. 30, I go alone Like to a lonely Dragon, that his Fenne Makes fear'd, and talk'd of more then seene.SHAKESPEARE

13 2. EXAMPLES OF THE WORDS USED BY SHAKESPEARE Submerge(Verb) Definition: pass. To be covered with water; to be sunk under water. Quotation: 1606 SHAKESPEARE Ant. & Cl. II. v. 94 So halfe my Egypt were submerg'd and made A Cesterne for scal'd Snakes.SHAKESPEARE

14 B. BLANK VERSE Blank verse is a type of poetry, distinguished by having a regular meter, but no rhyme.poetrymeterrhyme Shakespeare's blank verse is one of the most important of all his influences on the way the English language was written Adaptation of free speech rhythm to the fixed blank-verse framework is an outstanding feature of Shakespeare's poetry

15 Shakespeare developed the potential of blank verse for abrupt and irregular speech. One blank verse line is broken between two characters: My lord? A grave. He shall not live. Enough. (King John, 3.3)King John B. BLANK VERSE

16 C. POETRY Two main factors to the movement of living emotion verbal immediacy the molding of stress "When my love swears that she is made of truth, I do believe her, though I know she lies-" (Sonnet CXXXVIII) Complex and even contradictory attitudes to a single emotion

17 III. INFLUENCE ON LITERATURE

18 Charles Dickens: quotations, titles Herman Melville: stage directions, soliloquy Samuel Taylor Coleridge: theme (self-consciousness)

19 IV. REFERENCE 1. Wikipedia: Shakespeares Influence te_ref NoSweatShakespeare: Words Shakespeare Invented eare-words.htm 3. Oxford English Dictionary


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