Presentation on theme: "Healthy Ecosystem A healthy ecosystem is composed of:"— Presentation transcript:
1Healthy Ecosystem A healthy ecosystem is composed of: Producers Consumers Decomposers
2BiodiversityBiodiversity maintains the health of the earth and its people.It provides us with food and medicine and contributes to our economy.It tells us a lot about the health of the biosphere.The greater the variety of species, the healthier the biosphere.SPEAKER’S NOTES:Biodiversity maintains the health of the earth (fill in the next blank) and its people.It provides us with food and medicine and contributes to our economy. For example, we use plants and animals for food and medicine and we can harvest plants and animals and sell them to make money. In Manitoba, the fishing industry contributes $150 million annually to our economy.Biodiversity tells us a lot about the health of the biosphere. The greater the variety of species, the healthier the biosphere is. Why is this? (pause, have students brainstorm answers).[Possible answers]more species = more links in food chains/webs = more stablemore plants = more food for other animals (more oxygen too)more genes = better chances for survival through adaptationa variety of ecosystems = more habitat for different species.]
5Sustaining an Ecosystem If you are healthy, you will probably live a long life. The same thing applies to ecosystems.A healthy ecosystem can sustain itself and stay intact (or stable) for a long time.
6People have a responsibility to regulate their impact on the sustainability of ecosystems in order to preserve them for future generations
7Ecosystems are dynamic and have the ability to respond to change, within limits, while maintaining their ecological balance.
8Food WebA pictorial representation of the feeding relationships among organisms in an ecosystemConsists of various food chains
10The more links in a food web, the more stable it is. SPEAKER’S NOTES:Removing one link from a food web that has many links does not affect it as much as if there were very few links.The more links in a food web, the more stable it is.
11The NicheA niche is the full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives and the way in which the organism uses those conditions
12NICHE No two species can share the same niche in the same habitat. Different species can occupy niches that are verysimilar.
13Community Interactions When organisms live together in ecologicalcommunities, they interact constantly.Community interactions, such as competition,predation, and various forms of symbiosis,can affect an ecosystem.
15Other factors that affect population growth Limiting factor- any biotic or abiotic factor that restricts the existence of organisms in a specific environment.EX.- Amount of waterAmount of foodTemperature
16What is a Limiting Factor? Populations would continue to increase if they had all of the resources they require in unlimited amounts, but there are always factors that limit their increase.Limiting factors controlpopulation growth.
17What is Carrying Capacity? Because of these limiting factors, each ecosystem has a finite capacity for growth connected to its carrying capacity.
18What is Carrying Capacity? Carrying capacity is the number of individuals of a species that an ecosystem can support.
20Ecological Succession Ecosystems are constantly changing inresponse to natural and humandisturbances.As an ecosystem changes, older inhabitantsgradually die out and new organismsmove in, causing further changes in thecommunity.
21This series of predictable changes that occurs in a community over time is called ecologicalsuccession.Sometimes, an ecosystem changes in response to anabrupt disturbance.At other times, change occurs as a more gradualresponse to natural fluctuations in the environment.
22Primary Succession On land, succession that occurs on surfaces where no soil exists is called primary succession. Forexample, primary succession occurs on rocksurfaces formed after volcanoes erupt.The first species to populate the area are calledpioneer species
24Secondary Succession Components of an ecosystem can be changed by natural events, such as fires.When the disturbance is over, community interactions tend to restore the ecosystem to its original condition through secondary succession