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The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project The Aotearoa New Zealand Nonprofit Sector in Comparative Perspective Lester M. Salamon New Zealand.

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Presentation on theme: "The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project The Aotearoa New Zealand Nonprofit Sector in Comparative Perspective Lester M. Salamon New Zealand."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project The Aotearoa New Zealand Nonprofit Sector in Comparative Perspective Lester M. Salamon New Zealand August 2008

2 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Government Sector For-Profit Sector Civil Society Sector The Global Associational Revolution

3 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project CNPCNP

4 Approach : C C C C C C omparative

5 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Project Countries Venezuela Colombia Brazil Chile Mexico Argentina Slovakia Hungary Romania Poland Japan United States Australia Israel Ireland The Netherlands Austria Spain Germany Finland Belgium France Norway Italy United Kingdom Russia New Zealand Canada Denmark Egypt Kenya Tanzania Uganda South Africa India Pakistan The Philippines Korea Thailand Portugal Morocco Ghana Peru Lebanon Switzerland Sweden Czech Republic Denmark

6 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Approach : C C C C C C omparative ollaborative

7 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Collaborative Argentina - Mario Roitter Australia - Mark Lyons Austria – Ulrike Schneider Belgium - Jacques Defourny & Sybille Mertens Brazil - Leilah Landim & Neide Beres Canada – Michael Hall Chile – Ignacio Irarrazaval Colombia - Rodrigo Villar Czech Republic - Martin Potucek & Pavol Fric Denmark – Ole Gregersen & Thomas Boje Egypt – Amani Kandil Finland – Susan Sundback France - Edith Archambault Germany - Annette Zimmer & Eckhard Priller Hungary - István Sebestény & Renata Nagy India – Rajesh Tandon & S.S. Srivastava Ireland - Freda Donoghue Israel - Benjamin Gidron Italy – Gian Paolo Barbetta Japan - Naoto Yamauchi Kenya – Karuti Kanyinga Korea, Republic of - Tae-Kyu Park Lebanon – Hashem el-Husseini Mexico - Gustavo Verduzco & CEMEFI

8 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Collaborative Morocco - Salama Saidi The Netherlands - Paul Dekker & Bob Kuhry New Zealand - Massey University & Statistics New Zealand Norway - Hakon Lorentzen & Karl Henrik Sivesind Pakistan – Muhammad Asif Iqbal Peru - Felipe Portocarrero & Cynthia Sanborn The Philippines - Ledivina Cariño Poland - Ewa Les & Slawomir Nalecz Portugal – Raquel Campos Franco Romania - Carmen Epure Russia – Oleg Kazakov Slovakia - Helena Woleková South Africa - Mark Swilling Spain - Jose Ignacio Ruiz Olabuenaga Sweden - Tommy Lundstrom & Filip Wijkstrom Switzerland – Bernd Helmig Tanzania - Laurean Ndumbaro & Amos Mhina Thailand – Amara Pongsapich Uganda – John-Jean Barya United Kingdom – Les Hems & Karl Wilding United States - Lester Salamon & Wojtek Sokolowski Venezuela – Rosa Amelia Gonzalez

9 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Approach : C C C C C C omparative ollaborative onsultative ommon Definition

10 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Defining Features Organizations Private Non-Profit Distributing Self-Governing Non-Compulsory

11 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Approach : C C C C C C omparative ollaborative onsultative ommon Definition onsistent Methodology

12 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project

13 Approach : C C C C C C omparative ollaborative onsultative ommon Definition onsistent Methodology uantitativo

14 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Global Civil Society, Volume Two Order Information : Kumarian Press,

15 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Measuring Civil Society and Volunteering For more information visit

16 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Finding 1: A Major Economic Force

17 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project The Scale of Nonprofit Activity, New Zealand 9.6% of economically active population 201,000 full time equivalent jobs NZ $10 billion in operating expenditures 4.9% of GDP (67,000 Paid Workers; 134,000 FTE Volunteers)

18 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Nonprofit workforce as a share of the economically active population, by country 3.2%6.4% 9.6% New Zealand 2.4% 2.8% 2.6% 3.2% 3.7% 2.8% 4.6% 2.2% 4.9% 5.8% 5.9% 2.5% 6.4% 8.6% 5.1% 8.6% 10.2% 9.0% 10.1% 1.8% 1.5% 2.4% 3.1% 2.7% 3.0% 4.5% 3.0% 5.6% 3.9% 3.0% 3.1% 7.0% 3.1% 2.3% 5.8% 2.4% 1.3% 3.2% 5.8% 4.3% 5.0% 5.7% 5.9% 6.8% 7.3% 7.6% 7.8% 8.8% 8.9% 9.0% 9.6% 10.9% 11.0% 11.4% 12.3% 15.9% Italy Spain Chile Finland Argentina Germany Norway Australia Austria Denmark United States France Sweden Japan Ireland United Kingdom Belgium Israel Canada Netherlands 3.3%2.3% 5.6 % 41 countries Paid Staff Volunteers

19 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Nonprofit workforce as a share of the economically active population, by country Paid Staff Volunteers 0.7% 0.9% 1.0% 1.5% 1.7% 1.9% 2.0% 2.1% 2.3% 2.4% 3.2% 3.3% 3.4% 4.2% 5.6% Romania Poland Pakistan Slovakia Morocco India Czech Republic Philippines Tanzania Hungary Peru Kenya Colombia Uganda Egypt Brazil South Africa Mexico Portugal Korea, Rep. of 41 countries

20 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Construction 74,700 Transport & Communications 77,400 Manufacturing 221,050 Employment in NPIs vs. Selected Industries in New Zealand, ,000100,000150,000200,000250,000 Paid Employees Volunteers 200,60566,806133,799 NPIs 6,500 Utilities

21 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Finding 2: Significant Volunteer Presence

22 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Volunteers as Share of NPO Work force New Zealand vs. Country Groups 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80% 42% 41-country average 28% 35% 37% 40% 43% 44% 48% 56% 58% Eastern European Welfare Partnership Asian Industrialized Australia Latin America Other Developing Anglo-Saxon African Nordic 67% New Zealand

23 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Finding 3: A Diverse Sector

24 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Roles and Functions Service Provision Advocacy Expression Community-Building Value Guardian Source: Lester M. Salamon, The State of Nonprofit America (Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution Press, 2002)

25 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Two Broad Nonprofit Functions Education Health Social Services Development and Housing Culture, Sports and Recreation Environmental Protection Civic and Advocacy Unions, Professional and Business Associations Religion Service Expressive

26 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Distribution of the Nonprofit Workforce, by Field, NZ vs. 39-Country Average 2% 0% 8% 12% 19% 21% 17% 2% 37% 60% 2% 3% 7% 8% 16% 20% 25% Other Other, M ā ori Expression Other, M ā ori Services Development, Housing Health Social Services Education, Research Membership Associations Culture & Recreation 2% 49% 50% Other Expressive Role Service Role 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100% New Zealand 39-Country Average

27 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Distribution of New Zealand Nonprofit Workforce, Paid vs. Volunteer Staff 2% 5% 4% 23% 29% 15% 8% 2% 57% 41% 2% 0% 14% 15% 16% 19% 30% Other M ā ori Based Health Membership Associations Culture & Recreation Education & Research Social Services 2% 31% 67% Other Expressive Role Service Role 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100% Paid Volunteer

28 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Finding 4: Unusual Revenue Structure

29 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Sources of Nonprofit revenue, New Zealand % Government 20% Philanthropy 55% Fees

30 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Sources of Nonprofit Revenue, New Zealand Vs. Country Groups 25%20%55% New Zealand 16% 19% 20% 32% 34% 35% 36% 42% 54% 24% 14% 25% 10% 8% 14% 15% 19% 10% 61% 67% 55% 58% 56% 57% 50% 39% 36% Other Developing Latin American African Australia Asian Industrialised Nordic Anglo-Saxon 38-Country Average Eastern European Welfare Partnership 0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100% Government Philanthropy Fees

31 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Finding 5: A Fragile Organism

32 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project … the science of association is the mother of all science; the progress of all the rest depends on the progress it has made. -- Alexis de Tocqueville

33 The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project More Information and Publications at : C N P


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