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Historical Review of Artificial Lift in Egypt By M. Ghareeb (Lufkin Middle East) I. F. Zahran (Egyptian Petroleum corporation)

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Presentation on theme: "Historical Review of Artificial Lift in Egypt By M. Ghareeb (Lufkin Middle East) I. F. Zahran (Egyptian Petroleum corporation)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Historical Review of Artificial Lift in Egypt By M. Ghareeb (Lufkin Middle East) I. F. Zahran (Egyptian Petroleum corporation)

2 outline The history and the future application of the artificial lift system in the Egyptian oil fields. The history and the future application of the artificial lift system in the Egyptian oil fields. The main operating problems. The main operating problems. The actions taken to overcome or improve these problems. The actions taken to overcome or improve these problems. Special emphasis is given to the artificial lift systems in the marginal fields. Special emphasis is given to the artificial lift systems in the marginal fields.

3 OIL FIELDS GAS FIELDS EGYPT Oil / Condensate & Gas PRODUCTION SETTI HAPY EL TEMSAH WAKAR&KERSH PORT FOUAD TAO THEKAH KAMOSE MANGO SETH QANTARRA E. DELTA KHILALA SIMIAN SAFFRON SCARAB ROSETTAN. BALTIM BALTIM ABU MADI EL WASTANI NW. QARA W. ABU MADI DISUQ N. ABU QIR W. ABU QIR ABU QIR KANAYES RAS KANAYES TAREK HOURS N. ALAMEIN ALAMEIN E. RAZZAK AGHAR RAZZAK YADMA OBAYIED EMRY FALAK TUT W. TUT UM BARKA Salam S. UMBARKA KHALDA HAYAT DORR AMAN M. NE MELEIHA LOUTS M. SE KARNA BARDY ZAHRA YASSERSAFIR S. DABAA SITRA – 1&3 SITRA – 5 BED-2 BED-3 BED-15NE. ABU GHARADIG ABU GHARADIG N. ABU GHARADIG WD-33 WD-33/1 GPC ABU SENNAN BED-1 BED-4 WD-19 QARUN W. QARUN BENI SUEF DARAG SUDR MATARMA ASL WARDA RAHMI AMER BAKR W. GHARIB RAS GHARIB EL AYUN UM EL YUSR KAREEM KHEIR SHUKHEIR GS 365-373 AMAL SIDKI E. ZEIT GAZWARINA ZEIT BAY RAS EL ESH RAS EL BAHAR GEMSA GEMSA-SE GEISUM E. MALLAHA RABEH WADI SAHL HURGHADA FELEFEL HAREED TAWILA ASHRAFI BAHAR-NE HILAL SHOAB ALI GH 376 GARA M. WALI YOUNS NESSIEM MORGAN BADRI RAMADAN JULY GS-300 BELAYIM L. BELAYIM M. FEIRAN SIDRI ABU RUDEIS OCTOBER RAS BADRAN N. OCTOBER CAIRO ISMAILIA TANTA ALEX.. MATRUH.. EL HAMRA.

4 Oil and Gas Wells 89 % 11 %

5 Artificial Lift Systems

6 History of The Artificial Lift System

7 Selection of Artificial Lift Production rate Experience Capital Cost Availability Well Completion

8 Common Artificial Lift Completion Single Zone completion Commingle completions Selective completion

9 Pumped off Gas Interference Solids (sand, debris) Corrosion Scale Pump Problems Resulted from:

10 Low production wells Low production wells Shallow wells Shallow wells Low gas oil ratio wells Low gas oil ratio wells Beam Pumping System Medium production wells from medium depth Western desert 1000 BFPD from depth 6500 ft ( N-nada field) 700 BFPD from 7000 ft (Sheiba field) 1600 BFPD from 3500 ft ( Faras field)

11 Sucker Rod Completion

12 Average Static Reservoir Pressure

13 Failure History of Sucker Rod Pumping Components

14 Average Run Life for a Sucker Rod Pumping System (W.D)

15 Electrical Submersible Pumping System (ESP) Offshore Offshore High volume wells High volume wells Water production wells Water production wells Medium to Low volume wells Medium to Low volume wells (1000 -200 BFPD)

16 Average Run Life for an ESP in a High Water cut field (Active Water Drive Reservoir)

17 Average Running Life For ESP W.D

18 Ras Fanar Field Location Map ESP component failures

19 Ras Fanar ESP Failure Frequency

20 (end of 2000) Average Total System Efficiency for the Different Artificial Lift Systems for WD Area (end of 2000)

21 (end of 2004) Average Total System Efficiency for the Different Artificial Lift Systems for WD Area (end of 2004)

22 (end of 2000) Average Total System Efficiency for the Different Artificial Lift Systems for ED Area (end of 2000)

23 MARGINAL FIELDS LESS THAN 5 MILLION BBLS OIL RESERVE

24 CASE HISTORIES 1- ZARIF FIELD 2- RAS EL HEKMA FIELD

25 MEDITERRANEAN SEA RED SEA WESTERN DESERT ZARIF FIELD 55 Km From Meleiha Field 6 Oil Producing Wells 1 Water Source Well 1 Water Injector Well 2500 Bopd 30 % Water Cut

26 Zarif Field: Reservoir Pressure Performance

27 power fluid to wells Main manifold Vessel Triplex unit Zarif Field: Jet Pumping System

28 Zarif Field: Water Injection System GENERATOR TRANSFORMER SWITCH BOARD CHEMICAL INJ. UNIT WELL Z-9 (ESP) WELL Z-6 SOURCE INJECTOR

29 Zarif Field: History of the Lifting Cost Jet pumpingBeam pumping

30 MEDITERRANEAN SEA RED SEA WESTERN DESERT RAS EL- HEKMA FIELD 70 Km From Meleiha Field 1 Oil Producing Well 250 Bopd 16 % Water Cut

31 WELL COMPLETION WELL COMPLETION S.S.D Packer Landing nipple Perforated joint Setting nipple 7" Casing 3 1/2" Tubing

32 Surface unit typeMark-II Surface unit size 912 D-365-144 PPRL, Ibs29681 MPRL, Ibs9320 Motor HP72 Rod size87 Max. rod stress, PSI31425 Min. rod stress, PSI4227 Rod loading %61.5 Tubing size, in3 1/2 down hole pump size2.0 Down hole pump typeRHWC Pumping depth, ft7500 Dynamic fluid level6500 production rate,BOPD200 Bs&w, %16 SR SPECIFICATION

33 TO MELEIHA - EL HAMRA PIPE LINE DEMULSIFIER INJ. 500 BBLS TANK 500 BBLS TANK Ras El Hekma: Production System

34 One of the real challenges facing the oil industry in Egypt is to keep up production and maximize reserves in mature oil fields. The application of proper artificial lift systems is key to improving productivity of the mature and marginal fields. Conclusion and Recommendations

35 Artificial lift system for marginal fields must be operationally flexible Profitability in development of marginal oil fields can be improved by the sharing and / or renting of facilities. Conclusion and Recommendations

36 For solution drive and low productivity reservoirs, the Sucker rod system proved to be the most suitable lifting system. The original field development plan should address all known constraints and consider future changes to the lift method. Conclusion and Recommendations

37 Managing the artificial lift requires continuous production performance monitoring, technology transfer and training for company personnel. For active water drive reservoirs, all the artificial lift systems work efficiently. The choice of a suitable type of AL depends on the required production rate and field location. Conclusion and Recommendations

38 Historical Review of Artificial Lift in Egypt By M. Ghareeb (Lufkin Middle East) I. F. Zahran (Egyptian Petroleum corporation)


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