Presentation on theme: "President of Manifest Destiny: James K. Polk"— Presentation transcript:
1President of Manifest Destiny: James K. Polk AP United States HistoryMrs. D’Errico
2“American Progress” by John Gast Manifest Destiny“American Progress” by John Gast
3“Manifest Destiny”First coined by newspaper editor, John O’Sullivan in 1845.".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federaltive development of self-government entrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air and the earth suitable for the full expansion of its principle and destiny of growth."A myth of the West as a land of romance and adventure emerged.
4Trends in Antebellum America: 1810-1860 New intellectual and religious movements.Social reforms.Beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in America.Re-emergence of a second party system and more political democratization.Increase in federal power Marshall Ct. decisions.Increase in American nationalism.Further westward expansion.
8General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Recaptures the Alamo The Battle of the AlamoGeneral Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Recaptures the Alamo
9James K. Polk: Early Background B in Mecklenburg, North Carolina, but was raised in TennesseeLawyer in Tennessee.Became staunch Jacksonian DemocratServed as U.S. Congressmen from Tennessee, Speaker of the House, and Governor of TennesseeLost reelection to Governorship 2 times!!
10Election of 1844 Democrats James K. Polk (Tenn.) Whigs Henry Clay (KY) Ran on Expansion Platform, promised to lower Protective TariffsOpposed immediate annexation of Texas, alienated immigrants because of Nativist element of Whig Party“54º40` or Fight”
12Polk as President Mexican American War Acquisition of California Built up naval presence in the Gulf of Mexico and along the PacificOrdered General Zachary Taylor to the border between Texas and MexicoOffered to buy territory for $25 MillionTried to foment a rebellion by Californians against the Mexican governmentMexican American WarBorder dispute between the Neuces and Rio Grande Rivers“Mr. Polk’s War”Mexico had “Shed American Blood on American Soil
14The Oregon Dispute: 54’ 40º or Fight! By the mid-1840s, “Oregon Fever” was spurred on by the promise of free land.The joint British-U. S. occupation ended in 1846.
15The Bear Flag RepublicThe Revolt June 14, 1845John C. Frémont
16The Slidell Mission: Nov., 1845 Mexican recognition of the Rio Grande River as the TX-US border.US would forgive American citizens’ claims against the Mexican govt.US would purchase the New Mexico area for $5,000,000.US would California at any price.John Slidell
17Argument over annexation Wilmot Proviso, 1846Voted on purely along sectional linesThe issue over the expansion of slavery is becoming ever more precariousPro Slavery Argument claimed that new territory should be open to slavery along the Missouri Compromise lines, or through popular sovereignty
19Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo February 2, 1848Mexico gave up vast amount of territory to the United States:Texas to the Rio Grande, California, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, and Utah.The US paid $15 million for the land
20Results of the Mexican War? The 17-month war cost $100,000,000 and 13,000+ American lives (mostly of disease).New territories were brought into the Union which forced the explosive issue of SLAVERY to the center of national politics * Brought in 1 million sq. mi. of land (incl. TX)These new territories would upset the balance of power between North and South.Created two popular Whig generals who ran for President.Manifest Destiny partially realized.
21Your task:Read the following documents that come from a variety of historical sources and viewpoints regarding expansion.Complete the chart stating the reasons for expansion of the nation versus the arguments against expanding the country to the pacific.