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Land or Site Description

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Presentation on theme: "Land or Site Description"— Presentation transcript:

1 Land or Site Description
Wayne Foss, MBA, MAI Wayne Foss Appraisals, Inc.

2 Site Analysis Before the site can be valued, its features and characteristics must be known - - - Facts and features relative to market standards What does it bring to the market? How well will it compete?

3 Definitions Land: The earth’s surface, both land and water, and anything that is attached to it whether by the course of nature or human hands. Site: Land that is improved so that it is ready to be used for a specific purpose. Site Improvements: Improvements on and off a site that make it suitable for its intended use or development. On-site improvements include grading, landscaping, paving, and utility hookups. Off-site improvements include streets, curbs, sidewalks, drains and connecting utility lines.

4 Definitions Land or site description: A compilation of detailed factual data, including a legal description, other title and recorded data, and information on the pertinent physical characteristics of a parcel of land or a site. Land or site analysis: A careful study of factual data relating to the neighborhood characteristics that create, enhance, or detract from the utility and marketability of the land or site as compared with competing, comparable land or sites.

5 Purpose of Land or Site Description
Provides a description of the property being appraised Basis for analyzing comparable sales Basis for allocation of values to land and improvements provides the foundation for determining the property’s highest and best use

6 Legal Descriptions Metes and Bounds System
Rectangular Survey System (Government Survey System) Geodetic Survey Program Lot and Block System Tax Parcels

7 Legal Descriptions Metes and Bounds System Oldest system
Metes and bounds refers to the direction and distances between the bounds

8 Metes and Bounds System

9 Legal Descriptions Rectangular Survey System (Government Survey System) Principal method of land description for most of the land west of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Townships are 36 square miles Each township contains 36 sections Each section is 1 square mile with 640 acres Each section can be broken down into halves, quarters, etc.

10 Rectangular Survey System (Government Survey System)

11 Legal Descriptions Geodetic Survey Program Topographic Maps
These maps include contour lines, bodies of water, forested areas, manufactured features such as buildings, roads, bridges and power lines

12 Geodetic Survey Program

13 Legal Descriptions Lot and Block System
Established when developers subdivided land in the government survey system. Individual numbers were assigned to individual sites within the blocks Files with local government, usually the county where the subdivision is located

14 Lot and Block System

15 Legal Descriptions Tax Parcels
Many taxing authorities use a variation of the lot and block system to identify parcels for taxation purposes. Not usually nor acceptable as a legal description.

16 Tax Parcels

17 Factors in Site Analysis
Legal Ownership information Legal owner Type of Ownership Type of Property Rights Owned Limitations (easements, restrictions) Private deed restrictions Chain of Title

18 Factors in Site Analysis
Zoning and land use data General Use those uses that are legally permitted Density of Use how many units are permitted? Specific Development Requirements Setback and building height restrictions Lot coverage ratios parking and sign requirements Flood and Earthquake Hazard Zones Procedures for variances and zoning changes

19 Factors in Site Analysis
Assessment and Tax Information Assessed value of the subject Tax rates in the jurisdiction Taxation levels compared to other areas Future trends in tax rates Special Assessments

20 Factors in Site Analysis
Physical Size Shape Frontage (Width) Depth Corner Influence or Cul-de-sac location Topography Slope, elevation, soil and subsoil conditions Utilities and Site improvements

21 Factors in Site Analysis
Economic Plottage The increment of value created when two or more sites are combined to produce greater utility Excess Land land not needed to serve or support the existing use Surplus Land land not needed to serve or support the highest and best use, but not independently useable.

22 Factors in Site Analysis
Units of Comparison Residential Price per acre, per square foot, per unit Commercial Price per square foot, per front foot Industrial Price per acre, per square foot

23 Factors in Site Analysis
Location Residential convenient transportation linkages to employment, shopping and other services Commercial visibility, easy access for customers and deliveries, parking, traffic patterns and counts Industrial linkages for employees, raw materials and finished products, utilities

24 Factors in Site Analysis
Environmental Climate Ground water and drainage Quality of air and water Proximity to natural hazards flooding, earthquakes, and landslides Presence of wildlife habitats or endangered species Restrictions due to wetlands or coasts Orientation to sun or wind

25 Factors in Site Analysis
Agricultural Soil type and composition Drainage and irrigation Climate (function of growing season) Potential Crops Environmental controls Other considerations minerals, streams, lakes, recreational land uses special tax considerations

26 Sources of Data Public Records Deeds and Mortgages Plat Books (Maps)
Assessor’s records City and County Building, Planning and Engineers offices County and State Department of Transportation

27 Sources of Data Private Sources Title Companies Research organizations
Title report Research organizations Flood maps, demographic analysis Universities Special studies, economic reports

28 Sources of Data Maps Zoning and General Plan Maps Tax Plat Maps
Survey Maps Geodetic survey maps US Geologic Survey topographic maps Flood and Earthquake Soils Oil and Gas

29 So That’s Land or Site Description
Are there any Questions? Wayne Foss, MBA, MAI, Fullerton, CA USA Phone: (714) Fax: (714)

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