De Stijl - “The Style” Common aim and utopian vision. Universal harmony. Response to the trauma of World War I. Influenced by Cubism and geometric abstraction. Rejection of the decorative arts of Art Nouveau and over-emotional Expressionism. Favored a simple, logical style that emphasized construction and function. Appropriate for every aspect of modern life. Key Players - Founded in 1917 by a group of artists and architects 1.Theo Van Doesburg 2.Piet Mondrian 3.Bart van der Leck 4.Gerrit Rietveld
Suprematism - Fine art medium. Direct emotional appeal to viewer. El Lissitzky, Beat the Whites with the Red Wedge (1920)
The Constructivists declared themselves for the revolution.
Alexander Rodchenko, Dobrolet, 1923. Constructivism - Coined in 1921, rejection of self-expression combined with a commitment to industrial materials that made it a natural fit with the ideological goals of new communist regime.