Presentation on theme: "Ancient Greek Theater"— Presentation transcript:
Ancient Greek Theater
Sophocles 497 B.C.E. –406 B.C.E. He is one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus and earlier than or contemporary with those of Euripides. His most famous tragedies feature Oedipus and Antigone, known as the Theban plays. He influenced the development of the drama: – He added a third actor, which reduced the importance of the chorus in the presentation of plot. – He developed his characters to a greater extent than earlier playwrights.
Oedipus Rex a tragedy written by Sophocles 429 BCE
Oedipus at Colonus a tragedy written by Sophocles 406 BCE THE PLOT Led by Antigone, Oedipus stops at Colonus near Athens. He believes he is destined to die there. While he is there, Ismene brings news that the sons of Oedipus are fighting for control of Thebes. The leaders of Thebes beg Oedipus to return. Oedipus refuses. King Theseus arrives and invites Oedipus to stay. Creon comes to Athens to persuade Oedipus to return. Furious that they did not have compassion for his earlier suffering, Oedipus refuses, saying he will not be a pawn. Oedipus at Colonus by Harriet Fulchran-Jean
Oedipus at Colonus a tragedy written by Sophocles 406 BCE PLOT CONTINUED… To force his hand, Creon kidnaps his daughters. He also tries to take Oedipus by force, but Theseus prevents it. Theseus sends his army after the kidnappers, and the daughters are safely returned. Oedipus at Colonus by Harriet Fulchran-Jean
Oedipus at Colonus a tragedy written by Sophocles 406 BCE PLOT CONTINUED… Polynieces comes to see his father, Oedipus. He asks him to support him in his attack on Thebes. Oedipus curses him, saying that Polynieces will fail and die at the hand of his brother. Polynieces asks Antigone and Ismene to give him a proper burial if this happens. Oedipus at Colonus by Harriet Fulchran-Jean
Oedipus at Colonus a tragedy written by Sophocles 406 BCE PLOT CONTINUED… Finally, the time has come for Oedipus to die. He asks King Theseus to keep his burial site secret. Antigone and Ismene return to Thebes to prevent the war between brothers. Oedipus at Colonus by Harriet Fulchran-Jean
How dreadful it is when the right judge judges wrong…
Antigone a tragedy written by Sophocles 442 BCE
For Scene 1 You need to form a group of five. Assign someone to play each of the following: – Antigone – Ismene – Chorus/Choragus – Sentry – Creon
What’s my motivation? SceneCharacter’s Name What does this character do/want to do? Why do they do/want to do this?
Protagonist vs. Antagonist What is the conflict between Antigone and Creon? What qualities of each character contribute to the conflict? Remember that the protagonist is the hero of the story. The antagonist is the character who opposes the protagonist. – Give 2 examples of actions (things they do) and language (things they say) that show that Antigone is the protagonist and Creon is the antagonist. Write down the scene and the line number of your example.
Creon forbids the burial of Polyneices What are the effects?
Antigone buries Polyneices. What are the effects?
Respond in Writing Ismene and Creon both argue that the law should be obeyed because it was made for the good of the country. DO you agree that obeying the law is always the right thing to do, or do you think Antigone is correct in following her conscience? Explain.
Read Scene 3 of Antigone Pg. 791 Prepare for reading quiz: 1.What does Creon say a son can and should do? 2.What do Haimon and Creon argue about in this scene?
What’s my motivation? SceneCharacter’s Name What does this character do/want to do? Why do they do/want to do this? Scene 3