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Solving Inequalities Solving inequalities follows the same procedures as solving equations. There are a few special things to consider with inequalities: We need to look carefully at the inequality sign. We also need to graph the solution set.

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Review of Inequality Signs > greater than < less than greater than or equal less than or equal

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How to graph the solutions > Graph any number greater than... open circle, line to the right < Graph any number less than... open circle, line to the left Graph any number greater than or equal to... closed circle, line to the right Graph any number less than or equal to... closed circle, line to the left

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Solve the inequality: x + 4 < x < 3 Subtract 4 from each side. Keep the same inequality sign. Graph the solution. Open circle, line to the left. 30

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There is one special case. Sometimes you may have to reverse the direction of the inequality sign!! That only happens when you multiply or divide both sides of the inequality by a negative number.

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Example: Solve: -3y + 5 > y > y < -6 Subtract 5 from each side. Divide each side by negative 3. Reverse the inequality sign. Graph the solution. Open circle, line to the left. 0-6

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EXAMPLE 1 Graph simple inequalities a. Graph x < 2. The solutions are all real numbers less than 2. An open dot is used in the graph to indicate 2 is not a solution.

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EXAMPLE 1 Graph simple inequalities b. Graph x –1. The solutions are all real numbers greater than or equal to –1. A solid dot is used in the graph to indicate –1 is a solution.

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EXAMPLE 2 Graph compound inequalities b. Graph x –2 or x > 1. The solutions are all real numbers that are less than or equal to –2 or greater than 1.

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EXAMPLE 2 Graph compound inequalities a. Graph –1 < x < 2. The solutions are all real numbers that are greater than –1 and less than 2.

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 Graph the inequality. 1. x > –5 The solutions are all real numbers greater than 5. An open dot is used in the graph to indicate –5 is not a solution.

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 Graph the inequality. 2. x 3 The solutions are all real numbers less than or equal to 3. A closed dot is used in the graph to indicate 3 is a solution.

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 Graph the inequality. 3. –3 x < 1 The solutions are all real numbers that are greater than or equalt to –3 and less than 1.

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 1 and 2 Graph the inequality. 4. x < 1 or x 2 The solutions are all real numbers that are less than 1 or greater than or equal to 2.

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EXAMPLE 3 Solve an inequality with a variable on one side Fair You have $50 to spend at a county fair. You spend $20 for admission. You want to play a game that costs $1.50. Describe the possible numbers of times you can play the game. SOLUTION STEP 1 Write a verbal model. Then write an inequality.

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EXAMPLE 3 Solve an inequality with a variable on one side An inequality is g 50. STEP 2 Solve the inequality g g 30 g 20 Write inequality. Subtract 20 from each side. Divide each side by 1.5. ANSWER You can play the game 20 times or fewer.

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EXAMPLE 4 Solve an inequality with a variable on both sides Solve 5x + 2 > 7x – 4. Then graph the solution. 5x + 2 > 7x – 4 – 2x + 2 > – 4 – 2x > – 6 x < 3 Write original inequality. Subtract 7x from each side. Subtract 2 from each side. Divide each side by –2 and reverse the inequality. ANSWER The solutions are all real numbers less than 3. The graph is shown below.

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 3 and 4 Solve the inequality. Then graph the solution. 5. 4x + 9 < – 3x – x – 7 6x 8. 3 – x > x – 9 x < 4 ANSWER x 5 ANSWER x < 6 ANSWER x > – 7 ANSWER

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Solving Inequalities -4x + 2 > 10 -4x > 8 x < -2 To graph the solution set, circle the boundary and shade according to the inequality. Use an open circle for and closed circles for or. -20

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Solving Inequalities 3b - 2(b - 5) < 2(b + 4) 3b - 2b + 10 < 2b + 8 b + 10 < 2b + 8 -b + 10 < 8 -b < -2 b >

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EXAMPLE 5 Solve an and compound inequality Solve – 4 < 6x – Then graph the solution. – 4 < 6x – – < 6x – < 6x 24 1 < x 4 Write original inequality. Add 10 to each expression. Simplify. Divide each expression by 6. ANSWER The solutions are all real numbers greater than 1 and less than or equal to 4. The graph is shown below.

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 5,6, and 7 Solve the inequality. Then graph the solution. 9. –1 < 2x + 7 < 19 ANSWER The solutions are all real numbers greater than – 4 and less than 6. –4 < x < 6

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EXAMPLE 6 Solve an or compound inequality Solve 3x or 5x – Then graph the solution. SOLUTION A solution of this compound inequality is a solution of either of its parts. First InequalitySecond Inequality 3x x 6 x 2 Write first inequality. Subtract 5 from each side. Divide each side by 3. 5x – x 30 x 6 Write second inequality. Add 7 to each side. Divide each side by 5.

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EXAMPLE 6 Solve an or compound inequality ANSWER The graph is shown below. The solutions are all real numbers less than or equal to 2 or greater than or equal to 6.

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EXAMPLE 7 Write and use a compound inequality Biology A monitor lizard has a temperature that ranges from 18°C to 34°C. Write the range of temperatures as a compound inequality. Then write an inequality giving the temperature range in degrees Fahrenheit.

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EXAMPLE 7 Write and use a compound inequality SOLUTION The range of temperatures C can be represented by the inequality 18 C 34. Let F represent the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit. 18 C 34 Write inequality (F – 32) 32.4 F – F 93.2 Substitute for C. 9 5 (F – 32) Multiply each expression by, the reciprocal of Add 32 to each expression.

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EXAMPLE 7 Write and use a compound inequality ANSWER The temperature of the monitor lizard ranges from 64.4°F to 93.2°F.

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 5,6 and 7 Solve the inequality. Then graph the solution. 10. –8 –x – 5 6 The solutions are all real numbers greater than and equal to – 11 and less than and equal to 3. ANSWER –11 x 3

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 5,6 and 7 Solve the inequality. Then graph the solution. 11. x or x – 3 7 ANSWER The graph is shown below. The solutions are all real numbers. less than or equal to 5 or greater than or equal to 10. x 5 or x 10

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 5,6 and 7 Solve the inequality. Then graph the solution x – 1< –1 or 2x x < 0 or x 3 less than 0 or greater than or equal to 3. ANSWER The graph is shown below. The solutions are all real numbers.

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 5,6 and WHAT IF? In Example 7, write a compound inequality for a lizard whose temperature ranges from 15°C to 30°C. Then write an inequality giving the temperature range in degrees Fahrenheit. 15 C 30 or 59 F 86 ANSWER

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