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Use addition to eliminate a variable EXAMPLE 1 Solve the linear system: 2x + 3y = 11 –2x + 5y = 13 Equation 1 Equation 2 SOLUTION Add the equations to.

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Presentation on theme: "Use addition to eliminate a variable EXAMPLE 1 Solve the linear system: 2x + 3y = 11 –2x + 5y = 13 Equation 1 Equation 2 SOLUTION Add the equations to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Use addition to eliminate a variable EXAMPLE 1 Solve the linear system: 2x + 3y = 11 –2x + 5y = 13 Equation 1 Equation 2 SOLUTION Add the equations to eliminate one variable. 2x + 3y = 11 –2x + 5y = 13 Solve for y. 8y = 24 y = 3 STEP 1 STEP 2

2 Use addition to eliminate a variable EXAMPLE 1 2x + 3y = 11 Write Equation 1 2x + 3(3) = 11 Substitute 3 for y. x = 1 Solve for x. ANSWER The solution is (1, 3). Substitute 3 for y in either equation and solve for x. STEP 3

3 Use addition to eliminate a variable EXAMPLE 1 2x + 3y = = 11 Substitute 1 for x and 3 for y in each of the original equations. CHECK 2(1) + 3(3) = 11 ?  2x + 5y = = 13  2(1) + 5(3) = 13 ?

4 Use subtraction to eliminate a variable EXAMPLE 2 Solve the linear system: 4x + 3y = 2 Equation 1 5x + 3y = –2 Equation 2 SOLUTION Subtract the equations to eliminate one variable. 4x + 3y = 2 5x + 3y = –2 Solve for x. – x = 4 STEP 1 STEP 2 x =  4

5 Use subtraction to eliminate a variable EXAMPLE 2 4x + 3y = 2 Write Equation 1. 4(–4) + 3y = 2 Substitute –4 for x. y = 6 Solve for y. ANSWER The solution is (–4, 6). Substitute  4 for x in either equation and solve for y. STEP 3

6 Arrange like terms EXAMPLE 3 Solve the linear system: 8x – 4y = –4 Equation 1 4y = 3x + 14 Equation 2 SOLUTION STEP 1 Rewrite Equation 2 so that the like terms are arranged in columns. 8x – 4y = –4 4y = 3x x – 4y = –4  3x + 4y = 14 STEP 2 Add the equations. 5x = 10 STEP 3 Solve for x. x = 2

7 Arrange like terms EXAMPLE 3 4y = 3x + 14 Write Equation 2. 4y = 3(2) + 14 Substitute 2 for x. y = 5 Solve for y. ANSWER The solution is (2, 5). STEP 4 Substitute 2 for x in either equation and solve for y.

8 GUIDED PRACTICE for Example 1,2 and 3 Solve the linear system: 4x – 3y = 5 –2x + 3y = –7 ` 1. ANSWER (–1, –3)

9 GUIDED PRACTICE for Example 1,2 and 3 Solve the linear system: 5x + 2y = 4 5x – 6y = 8– 2. ANSWER (2, –3)

10 GUIDED PRACTICE for Example 1,2 and 3 Solve the linear system: 6x – 4y = 14 3x + 4y = 1 – 3. ANSWER (5, 4)

11 GUIDED PRACTICE for Example 1,2 and 3 Solve the linear system: 7x – 2y = 5 7x – 3y = 4 4. ANSWER (1, 1)

12 GUIDED PRACTICE for Example 1,2 and 3 Solve the linear system: 3x + 4y = –6 5. = 3x + 6 2y2y ANSWER (–2, 0)

13 GUIDED PRACTICE for Example 1,2 and 3 Solve the linear system: 2x + 5y = = 4x + 6 5y5y ANSWER (1, 2)


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