2An Introduction to Cognitive Psychology Chapter 1An Introduction to Cognitive Psychology
3A Brief History of Cognitive Psychology The Origins of Cognitive PsychologyAristotleempirical evidenceWilhelm Wundtintrospection
4A Brief History of Cognitive Psychology The Origins of Cognitive PsychologyEarly Memory ResearchersEbbinghausMary Whiton Calkinsrecency effectfirst woman president of APA
5A Brief History of Cognitive Psychology The Origins of Cognitive PsychologyWilliam JamesPrinciples of Psychologytip-of-the-tongue phenomenonBehaviorismWatsonSkinneroperational definition
6A Brief History of Cognitive Psychology The Origins of Cognitive PsychologyThe Gestalt ApproachgestaltinsightFrederic C. Bartlettmemory as active, constructive process
7A Brief History of Cognitive Psychology The Emergence of Modern Cognitive Psychology1956"cognitive revolution"
8A Brief History of Cognitive Psychology The Emergence of Modern Cognitive PsychologyFactors Contributing to the Rise of Cognitive Psychologydisappointment with behaviorist approachlinguistics; Noam Chomskyhuman memory researchchildren's thought processes; Jean Piaget
9A Brief History of Cognitive Psychology The Emergence of Modern Cognitive PsychologyThe Information-Processing ApproachMental processes are similar to the operations of a computer.Information progresses through the cognitive system in a series of stages, one step at a time.
10A Brief History of Cognitive Psychology The Emergence of Modern Cognitive PsychologyThe Information-Processing ApproachAtkinson-Shiffrin modelsensory memoryshort-term memory (working memory)long-term memory
12A Brief History of Cognitive Psychology The Current Status of Cognitive Psychologymore complex modelswidespread influence on the discipline of psychologyapplications of the cognitive approach in therapyissues of ecological validity
13Cognitive Neuroscience Techniques social cognitive neuroscienceBrain LesionsPositron Emission Tomography (PET scan)Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)Event-Related Potential Technique (ERP)
14Additional Areas that Contribute to Cognitive Psychology Artificial IntelligenceThe Computer Metaphorstructures and processesPure Artificial IntelligenceefficiencyComputer Simulationcomputer modelingtake human limitations into account
15Additional Areas that Contribute to Cognitive Psychology Artificial IntelligenceThe Connectionist Approachparallel distributed processing (PDP) approachneural network approachcerebral cortexserial processingparallel processing
16Red Riding Hood Network Big EarsBig EyesBig TeethKindlyWrinkledHandsomeRun AwayWolfScreamLook for WoodcutterGrandmaKiss on CheekWoodcutterApproachOffer Food ToFlirt WithCognition 7e, Margaret Matlin Chapter 1
17Additional Areas that Contribute to Cognitive Psychology Cognitive Scienceinterdisciplinary—cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and artificial intelligence PLUS philosophy, linguistics, anthropology, sociology, and economicsfocus on internal representations
18An Overview of Your Textbook Preview of the ChaptersFive Themes in the BookTheme 1: The cognitive processes are active, rather than passive.Theme 2: The cognitive processes are remarkably efficient and accurate.
19An Overview of Your Textbook Five Themes in the BookTheme 3: The cognitive processes handle positive information better than negative information.Theme 4: The cognitive processes are interrelated with one another; they do not operate in isolation..
20An Overview of Your Textbook Five Themes in the BookTheme 5: Many cognitive processes rely on both bottom-up and top-down processing.