2????? What is it? When is it? Where is it celebrated? El Dia de los Muertos, the Day of the Dead, is a traditional Mexicican holiday honoring the dead. El Dia de los Muertos is not a sad time, but instead a time of remembering and rejoicing.When is it?It is celebrated every year at the same time as afterHalloween and the Christian holy days of All Saints Day and All Souls Day (November 1st and 2nd).Where is it celebrated?It is celebrated in Mexico, Ecuador, Guatemala, and other areas in Central and South America populated with the Latino ethnic background. The Day of the Dead is also celebrated in areas of the United States, such as California, Texas, and many others, in which the Mexican/American heritage exists.
3La historia 3,000 year old tradition, some suspect “Don’t’ fear dying. Fear never having lived.” -AnonymousLa historia3,000 year old tradition, some suspectit may even trace back 5,000 years!• Can be traced back to the Aztecs andbeyond• Celebrates life and death• Is *not* the same asHalloween
4La creencia = the belief It is believed that during the days of November1st and 2nd, spirits have been granted Divineconsent to visit with their relatives and friendson Earth.• Beginning in mid-October, families prepare towelcome the souls of their relatives andancestors who return at this time of year tomake sure that all is well and that they havenot been forgotten.• Celebrations at home include family dinners,trips to the grave sites, “ofrendas” (orofferings), flowers, folk art, special foods, andcandies.
5Customs vary throughout Mexico Most celebrations include:Decoration and family gathering at cemeterySpecial foodsOfrendas (offerings) on altarsReligious rites and prayersOften there are fireworks!
6Adults are honored November 2 In many regions, November 1 is dedicated to the remembrance of deceased infants and childrenAdults are honored November 2
7In mid-October markets begin displaying items needed for Dia de los Muertos including: Skeletons (toys, figurines, sweets)Papel PicadoFloral wreaths and crossesCandlesFresh flowers-cempazuchiles (marigolds)-barro de obispo (cockscomb)Sugar or chocolate skulls and coffinsPan de muerto (bread of the dead)
8Halloween vs. Día de los muertos •Night before“All Saint’s Day”(October 31)•All Saint’s Day and the day after(November 1st and 2nd)•November 1st = los angelitos(children’s spirits) return home•November 2nd = adult spirits return home•Evil Spirits roam the earth.We dress our children in“scary” costumes sothe spirits won’t take them.•No costumes.•Not an “evil” holiday.•It is a celebration oflife and death.•All negative representations ofdeath/terror.•Positive celebrations of family,ancestors, life, and community.•Very humorous look at life.
9CalacasSkeletons are often shown in everyday activities which depict a dead person’s profession or interests. The calacas are often placed on altars. This shows the spirit that he has not been forgotten.
13Traditions: Papel Picado Papel Picado is a traditional art used to decorate homes, businesses, markets and altars in preparation for the Day of the Dead.The thin tissue paper images are usually cut in large quantities and hung in repetitious patterns.
15Traditions: FlowersDuring los Dias de los Muertos the yellow marigold symbolizes the short duration of life.Other flowers commonly seen during this celebration include the white amaryllis, wild orchids, baby's breath and ruby coxcombs are offered as adornment and enticement for the returning spirits.Wreaths made of flowers, both real and plastic, are often placed on the grave sites.
17Sugar SkullsChildren are given sugar skulls with their names written on the forehead!
18Los Alfeñiques = Sugar Skulls •CANDIES:•Skulls and skeletons are made out of candy.•Names: living or dead
19Traditions- AltarsIn the homes families arrange ofrenda's or "altars" with flowers, bread, fruit and candy. Pictures of the deceased family members are added. In the late afternoon special all night burning candles are lit - it is time to remember the departed - the old ones, their parents and grandparents.Altars should include:A picture of the one being rememberedItems they were fond ofSomething to snack onCandlesFlowersGifts
20*Altars have decorations: papel picado, candles, flowers, photographs of the departed, candy skulls with the name of the deceased*Altars have foods and drinks: bottles of beer or tequila, cups of atole (a sweet drink made of milk, sugar, and corn starch) or coffee, pop (many families will sacrifice to purchase a favorite brand!) and fresh water, as well as platters of rice, beans, chicken or meat in mole sauce, candied pumpkin or sweet potatoes, fruits and breads.
37Customs Around the World In the USA, most people avoid talking about deathMany other cultures around the world have rituals for remembering loved ones.Many other cultures have similar rituals involving the lighting of lamps or candles and laying out food and drinksEven ancient Egyptians had similar traditions or remembering loved ones
38Muralismo- (muralism) A mural is a painting applied to and made integral with the surface of a wall or ceiling.Muralism has existed since prehistoric times.Diego Rivera is the most famous Latino Muralist of the 20th century.One of his most famousmurals is titled“El dia de los muertos”
43Proyecto # 1 PROJECT IS DUE ON WEDNESDAY, NOV. 14 or earlier. DECORATE your CALACA as a MEMORIAL to someone or something you cared for and lost.Make sure that you use images, colors, etc, that represent your topic.Around the CALACA write a minimum of 12 sentences in the best Spanish you can write. You may wish to include information about the person or thing you lost, why they/it was important to you, why you miss them/it etc.PROJECT IS DUE ON WEDNESDAY, NOV. 14 or earlier.