Presentation on theme: "????? What is it? –El Dia de los Muertos, the Day of the Dead, is a traditional Mexicican holiday honoring the dead. El Dia de los Muertos is not a sad."— Presentation transcript:
????? What is it? –El Dia de los Muertos, the Day of the Dead, is a traditional Mexicican holiday honoring the dead. El Dia de los Muertos is not a sad time, but instead a time of remembering and rejoicing. When is it? –It is celebrated every year at the same time as afterHalloween and the Christian holy days of All Saints Day and All Souls Day (November 1st and 2nd). Where is it celebrated? –It is celebrated in Mexico, Ecuador, Guatemala, and other areas in Central and South America populated with the Latino ethnic background. The Day of the Dead is also celebrated in areas of the United States, such as California, Texas, and many others, in which the Mexican/American heritage exists.
Dont fear dying. Fear never having lived. -Anonymous La historia 3,000 year old tradition, some suspect it may even trace back 5,000 years! Can be traced back to the Aztecs and beyond Celebrates life and death Is *not* the same as Halloween
La creencia = the belief It is believed that during the days of November 1st and 2nd, spirits have been granted Divine consent to visit with their relatives and friends on Earth. Beginning in mid-October, families prepare to welcome the souls of their relatives and ancestors who return at this time of year to make sure that all is well and that they have not been forgotten. Celebrations at home include family dinners, trips to the grave sites, ofrendas (or offerings), flowers, folk art, special foods, and candies.
Customs vary throughout Mexico Most celebrations include: Decoration and family gathering at cemetery Special foods Ofrendas (offerings) on altars Religious rites and prayers Often there are fireworks!
In many regions, November 1 is dedicated to the remembrance of deceased infants and children Adults are honored November 2
In mid-October markets begin displaying items needed for Dia de los Muertos including: Skeletons (toys, figurines, sweets) Papel Picado Floral wreaths and crosses Candles Fresh flowers -cempazuchiles (marigolds) -barro de obispo (cockscomb) Sugar or chocolate skulls and coffins Pan de muerto (bread of the dead)
Halloween vs. Día de los muertos HalloweenDía de los muertos Night before All Saints Day (October 31) All Saints Day and the day after (November 1st and 2nd) November 1st = los angelitos (childrens spirits) return home November 2nd = adult spirits return home Evil Spirits roam the earth. We dress our children in scary costumes so the spirits wont take them. No costumes. Not an evil holiday. It is a celebration of life and death. All negative representations of death/terror. Positive celebrations of family, ancestors, life, and community. Very humorous look at life.
Calacas Skeletons are often shown in everyday activities which depict a dead persons profession or interests. The calacas are often placed on altars. This shows the spirit that he has not been forgotten.
Traditions: Papel Picado Papel Picado is a traditional art used to decorate homes, businesses, markets and altars in preparation for the Day of the Dead. The thin tissue paper images are usually cut in large quantities and hung in repetitious patterns.
Traditions: Flowers During los Dias de los Muertos the yellow marigold symbolizes the short duration of life. Other flowers commonly seen during this celebration include the white amaryllis, wild orchids, baby's breath and ruby coxcombs are offered as adornment and enticement for the returning spirits. Wreaths made of flowers, both real and plastic, are often placed on the grave sites.
Sugar Skulls Children are given sugar skulls with their names written on the forehead!
Los Alfeñiques = Sugar Skulls CANDIES: Skulls and skeletons are made out of candy. Names: living or dead
Traditions- Altars In the homes families arrange ofrenda's or "altars" with flowers, bread, fruit and candy. Pictures of the deceased family members are added. In the late afternoon special all night burning candles are lit - it is time to remember the departed - the old ones, their parents and grandparents. Altars should include: –A picture of the one being remembered –Items they were fond of –Something to snack on –Candles –Flowers –Gifts
*Altars have decorations: papel picado, candles, flowers, photographs of the departed, candy skulls with the name of the deceased *Altars have foods and drinks: bottles of beer or tequila, cups of atole (a sweet drink made of milk, sugar, and corn starch) or coffee, pop (many families will sacrifice to purchase a favorite brand!) and fresh water, as well as platters of rice, beans, chicken or meat in mole sauce, candied pumpkin or sweet potatoes, fruits and breads.
Altars in the home
The altar… An area of the home is cleared of furnishings Floors and walls are washed A table is covered with clean sheets, a blanket, or tablecloth Incense is usually burned Many candles are lit
Traditions: Food Pan de los Muertos –Special loaves of bread are baked, called pan de muertos, and decorated with "bones.
Atole de leche
Family members clean tombs and gravestones Pull weeds Tombs are painted and repaired if needed Graves are decorated with flower crosses, wreaths, or floral arrangements
Procession to the cemetery
The army band participates in a local parade
Many towns have parades including processions on horseback
A group of músicos entertains at the cemetery
En el cementerio Family members gather at the cemetery. They bring picnics and mariachi bands may play favorite songs. Local restaurants set up food stands. An outdoor church service is usually held.
En el cementerio
Customs Around the World In the USA, most people avoid talking about death Many other cultures around the world have rituals for remembering loved ones. Many other cultures have similar rituals involving the lighting of lamps or candles and laying out food and drinks Even ancient Egyptians had similar traditions or remembering loved ones
Muralismo- (muralism) A mural is a painting applied to and made integral with the surface of a wall or ceiling. Muralism has existed since prehistoric times. Diego Rivera is the most famous Latino Muralist of the 20 th century. One of his most famous murals is titled El dia de los muertos
El día de los muertos - Diego Rivera
La Catrina Represents death (now) Represents death (now) Was created by Jose Guadelupe Posada Was created by Jose Guadelupe Posada Notice: feminine form & beautiful decorations Notice: feminine form & beautiful decorations
Catrina Catrina is the most recognizable symbol for Day of the Dead. She is now a calacas and was painted by José Guadalupe Posada, a famous artist from Mexico.
Works of José Guadalupe Posada
Proyecto # 1 DECORATE your CALACA as a MEMORIAL to someone or something you cared for and lost. Make sure that you use images, colors, etc, that represent your topic. Around the CALACA write a minimum of 12 sentences in the best Spanish you can write. You may wish to include information about the person or thing you lost, why they/it was important to you, why you miss them/it etc. PROJECT IS DUE ON WEDNESDAY, NOV. 14 or earlier.