Presentation on theme: "El día de los muertos “Life is but a dream. It is only when we"— Presentation transcript:
1El día de los muertos “Life is but a dream. It is only when we die, that we can truly live.”
2La muerte = death “The word ‘death’ is not pronounced in New York, in Paris, in London,because it burns the lips. TheMexican, in contrast, is familiar withdeath, jokes about it, caresses it; it isone of his favorite toys and moststeadfast love.-Octavio Paz“ Una sociedad que niega la muerte, niega la vida “(“A society that denies death, denies life”)
3La historia “Don’t’ fear dying. Fear never having lived.” -Anonymous 3,000 year old tradition, some suspectit may even trace back 5,000 years!• Can be traced back to the Aztecs andbeyondMore than 500 years ago, when theSpanish Conquistadors landed in whatis now Mexico, they saw native Indianspracticing a ritual that seemed tomock death.The best way to describe this Mexicanholiday is to say that it is a time whenMexican families remember their dead,and the continuity of life.
4La creencia = the belief It is believed that during the days of November1st and 2nd, spirits have been granted Divineconsent to visit with their relatives and friendson Earth.• Beginning in mid-October, families prepare towelcome the souls of their relatives andancestors who return at this time of year tomake sure that all is well and that they havenot been forgotten.• Celebrations at home include family dinners,trips to the grave sites, “ofrendas” (orofferings), flowers, folk art, special foods, andcandies.
5Halloween vs. Día de los muertos •Night before“All Saint’s Day”(October 31)•All Saint’s Day and the day after(November 1st and 2nd)•November 1st = los angelitos(children’s spirits) return home•November 2nd = adult spirits return home•Evil Spirits roam the earth.We dress our children in“scary” costumes sothe spirits won’t take them.•No costumes.•Not an “evil” holiday.•It is a celebration oflife and death.•All negative representations ofdeath/terror.•Positive celebrations of family,ancestors, life, and community.•Very humorous look at life.
6Music and DanceThe dancers carry calacas (artistic skeletons), pretending that the souls are visiting and doing a dance.The drums are the most important part of the music associated with the supernatural to cause vitality and rhythm.
7Las Calacas• Skeletons are often shown in everyday activities which depict a dead person’s profession or interests.
8CalacasCalacas are skeletons used by dancers and are always used for the decoration of the Offering and on fireplaces. They are made by artists and are sold for decoration.
16Las ofrendas • Think: Memorials Altars are set up at homes and at grave sites.• Think: Memorials• The most basic altar includes these basic needs:– WATER to quench the thirst and for purification– SALT to season the food and for purification– BREAD to represent the food needed for survival• Most altars also have:– Flowers– Pictures– Favorite foods/drinks– Candy– Water– Religious symbols, art, or images (crosses, etc.)
19Mole -meat dishes in spicy sauces La comidaPan de los MuertosSpecial loaves of bread are baked, called pan de muertos, and decorated with "bones.Mole -meat dishes in spicy sauces
20Mas comidaTamales -packets of corn dough with a savory or sweet filling and typically wrapped in corn husks or banana leaves. Atole de leche -A warm almost porridge-like drink made thick with masa.
21Los Alfeñiques = Sugar Skulls •CANDIES:•Skulls and skeletons are made out of candy.•Names: living or dead
22El arte folklórico = Folk Art • Common activities and eventsrepresented with “skeletal”images• Albrijes = imaginary creatures
23Muralismo- (muralism) A mural is a painting applied to and made integral with the surface of a wall or ceiling.Muralism has existed since prehistoric times.Diego Rivera is the most famous Latino Muralist of the 20th century.One of his most famous murals is titled“El dia de los muertos”
25El día de los muertos Celebración y festejo Because of the warm social environment, the colorful setting, and the abundance of food, drink and good company this commemoration of the dead is a pleasant one despite of its morbid subject.The festive interaction between living and dead in an important social ritual and a way of recognizing the cycle of life and death, in other words, human existence.
26Una poema más Es calavera el inglés, calavera el italiano, calavera fue el francés,lo mismo Maximiliano.El Pontífice Romanoy todos los cardenales,reyes, duques, concejalesy el jefe de la nación.En la tumba son iguales:calaveras del montón.
27Proyecto del Dia de los Muertos • Color your CALACA to represent yourself. Your favorite sport. Make it colorful.Insert an image of your favorite athlete in the sport ON THE HAT.Draw and/or Insert images about your sport on pants of your calaca.Write a paragraph of 10 sentences or more IN SPANISH, stating what your favorite sport is, why you like it, if you prefer to play it or watch it, who your favorite athlete in this sport andwhy.DUE ON THURSDAY, NOV. 1