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# Special Segments in a Circle

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Special Segments in a Circle
Chapter 10.7

Find measures of segments that intersect in the interior of a circle.
Find measures of segments that intersect in the exterior of a circle. Standard Students prove and use theorems involving the properties of parallel lines cut by a transversal, the properties of quadrilaterals, and the properties of circles. (Key) Standard Students prove and solve problems regarding relationships among chords, secants, tangents, inscribed angles, and inscribed and circumscribed polygons of circles. (Key) Lesson 7 MI/Vocab

Chord Segment Theorem Forget the words, copy the picture. E A
If two chords intersect in the interior of a circle, then the product of the lengths of the segments of one chord is equal to the product of the lengths of the segments of the other chord. Forget the words, copy the picture. E A (AB)(BC) = (DB)(BE) (2)(10) = (4)(5) 20 = 20 5 cm 4 cm 2 cm 10 cm B D C

Intersection of Two Chords
Find x. Answer: 13.5 Lesson 7 Ex1

Find x. A. 14 B. 12.5 C. 2 D. 18 A B C D Lesson 7 CYP1

Example: Solve for x 6(x + 2) = 3(3x – 1) 6x + 12 = 9x – 3 15 = 3x

BIOLOGY Biologists often examine organisms under microscopes
BIOLOGY Biologists often examine organisms under microscopes. The circle represents the field of view under the microscope with a diameter of 2 mm. Determine the length of the organism if it is located 0.25 mm from the bottom of the field of view. Round to the nearest hundredth. 1.75 x Lesson 7 Ex2

ARCHITECTURE Phil is installing a new window in an addition for a client’s home. The window is a rectangle with an arched top called an eyebrow. The diagram below shows the dimensions of the window. What is the radius of the circle containing the arc if the eyebrow portion of the window is not a semicircle? Hint: A B C D A. 10 ft B. 20 ft C. 36 ft D. 18 ft Lesson 7 CYP2

Secant Segment Theorem
If two secant segments share the same endpoint outside a circle, then the product of the length of one secant segment and the length of its external segment equals the product of the length of the other secant segment and the length of its external segment. Forget the words, copy the picture. (AB)(AC) = (AD)(AE)

Example: Solve for x (9)(20) = (10)(10 + x) 180 = 100 + 10x 20

Intersection of Two Secants Find x if EF = 10, EH = 8, and FG = 24.
Answer: 34.5 Lesson 7 Ex3

Find x if GO = 27, OM = 25, and IK = 24. A. 28.125 B. 50 C. 26 D. 28 A
Lesson 7 CYP3

Secant-Tangent Segment Theorem
If a secant segment and a tangent segment share an endpoint outside a circle, then the product of the length of the secant segment and the length of its external segment equals the square of the length of the tangent segment. Forget the words, copy the picture. (AC)(AD) = (AB)2

Example: Solve for x (6)(6 + x) = (12)2 36 + 6x = 144 6x = 108 x = 18

Intersection of a Secant and a Tangent
Find x. Assume that segments that appear to be tangent are tangent. Answer: 8 Disregard the negative solution. Lesson 7 Ex4

Find x. Assume that segments that appear to be tangent are tangent.
C. 28 D. 30 A B C D Lesson 7 CYP4

Homework Chapter 10.7 Pg 611 5 – 15, 17 – 24, 41 – 43

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