Example 1 Use the Intersection of Two Chords A. Find x. AE EC =BE EDTheorem x 8 =9 12Substitution 8x =108Multiply. x =13.5Divide each side by 8. Answer: x = 13.5
Example 1 Use the Intersection of Two Chords B. Find x. PT TR =QT TSTheorem x (x + 10) =(x + 2) (x + 4)Substitution x x =x 2 + 6x + 8Multiply. 10x =6x + 8Subtract x 2 from each side.
Example 1 Use the Intersection of Two Chords 4x =8Subtract 6x from each side. x =2Divide each side by 4. Answer: x = 2
Example 1 A.12 B.14 C.16 D.18 A. Find x.
Example 1 A.2 B.4 C.6 D.8 B. Find x.
Example 2 Find Measures of Segments in Circles BIOLOGY Biologists often examine organisms under microscopes. The circle represents the field of view under the microscope with a diameter of 2 mm. Determine the length of the organism if it is located 0.25 mm from the bottom of the field of view. Round to the nearest hundredth.
Example 2 Find Measures of Segments in Circles UnderstandTwo cords of a circle are shown. You know that the diameter is 2 mm and that the organism is 0.25 mm from the bottom. PlanDraw a model using a circle. Let x represent the unknown measure of the equal lengths of the chord which is the length of the organism. Use the products of the lengths of the intersecting chords to find the length of the organism.
Example 2 Find Measures of Segments in Circles SolveThe measure of EB = 2.00 – 0.25 or 1.75 mm. HB BF=EB BGSegment products x x= Substitution x 2 =0.4375Simplify. x0.66Take the square root of each side. Answer: The length of the organism is 0.66 millimeters.
Example 2 Find Measures of Segments in Circles CheckUse the Pythagorean Theorem to check the triangle in the circle formed by the radius, the chord, and part of the diameter (0.75) 2 + (0.66) 2 ? ?
Example 2 A.10 ft B.20 ft C.36 ft D.18 ft ARCHITECTURE Phil is installing a new window in an addition for a clients home. The window is a rectangle with an arched top called an eyebrow. The diagram below shows the dimensions of the window. What is the radius of the circle containing the arc if the eyebrow portion of the window is not a semicircle?
Example 3 Use the Intersection of Two Secants Find x.
Example 3 Use the Intersection of Two Secants Answer: 34.5 Theorem Substitution Distributive Property Subtract 64 from each side. Divide each side by 8.
Example 3 A B.50 C.26 D.28 Find x.
Example 4 Use the Intersection of a Secant and a Tangent Answer: Since lengths cannot be negative, the value of x is 8. LM is tangent to the circle. Find x. Round to the nearest tenth. LM 2 =LK LJ 12 2 =x(x + x + 2) 144=2x 2 + 2x 72=x 2 + x 0=x 2 + x – 72 0=(x – 8)(x + 9) x=8 or x = –9
Example 4 A B.25 C.28 D.30 Find x. Assume that segments that appear to be tangent are tangent.