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SQL Server 2005 Query Notifications

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Presentation on theme: "SQL Server 2005 Query Notifications"— Presentation transcript:

1 SQL Server 2005 Query Notifications
in ASP.NET 2.0 & ADO.NET 2.0 Julie Lerman The Data Farm

2 About Me Independent Software Developer
20+ years development experience Microsoft .NET MVP ASPInsider INETA Speaker Various publications & conferences Blogs: thedatafarm.com/blog blog.ziffdavis.com/devlife Founder and leader of Vermont .NET Vermont Software Developer Alliance Board

3 Agenda SQL Server 2005 Query Notifications ADO.NET 2.0 Notifications
ASP.NET 2.0 Cache Invalidation

4 Query Notifications New feature in SQL Server 2005
Works with SQL Server Service Broker Enables asynchronous database apps Uses queues as first class objects T-SQL can interact with the queues Transactional Message Processing Reliable Distributed Processing *Not* Notification Services

5 How they work SQL Server Query from Client Data
Notification Flag Change Detection for rowset DML SQL Server Service Broker Message Queue Services Listener Application SQL Server 2005

6 Uses Queries that do not change frequently
Queries that need to stick around for a while Look-up Tables When details of change are unimportant Only reports that “something has changed” Web Applications Page level or middle tier Windows Apps Server tier (e.g. remoting or web services) Client side: no more than 10 concurrent users

7 Query Rules Use explicit columns in command text
Required for Change Detection internals “select *” will not work Use two-part names to reference tables e.g.: owner.tablename or schema.tablename NO! UNION, Outer Joins, TOP, DISTINCT, COUNT*, aggregates (AVG, MAX, etc.), INTO, more... (see resources for list) TEMP, table variables, multiple views, system tables/views, queues, more....

8 ALTER DATABASE mydb SET ENABLE_BROKER
SQL Server Rules Enable Service Broker on database SQL Server security has this off by default ALTER DATABASE mydb SET ENABLE_BROKER Database Compatibility Level = 90 Older databases (e.g. pubs) might be 80 or lower sp_dbcmptlevel or Database/Properties/Options Permissions for non-admins One time setup per account

9 Non-Admin setup TSQL sql_dependencey_subscriber role in SQL Server
EXEC sp_addrole 'sql_dependency_subscriber’ Permissions needed for users to Start GRANT CREATE PROCEDURE to startUser GRANT CREATE QUEUE to startUser GRANT CREATE SERVICE to startUser GRANT REFERENCES on CONTRACT:: [http://schemas.microsoft.com/SQL/Notifications/PostQueryNotification] to startUser GRANT VIEW DEFINITION TO startUser Permissions needed for users to Execute GRANT SELECT to executeUser GRANT SUBSCRIBE QUERY NOTIFICATIONS TO executeUser GRANT RECEIVE ON QueryNotificationErrorsQueue TO executeUser GRANT REFERENCES on CONTRACT:: [http://schemas.microsoft.com/SQL/Notifications/PostQueryNotification] to executeUser EXEC sp_addrolemember 'sql_dependency_subscriber', 'executeUser' *Sushil Chordia on blogs.msdn.com/dataworks

10 ADO.NET 2.0 Integration SqlDependency class
[System.Data.SqlClient namespace] Uses SqlQueryNotificationService in MSDB database SqlNotificationRequest class [System.Data.Sql namespace] Requires you to write your own listener Works with DataReaders & DataAdapters

11 SQLDependency: Basic Functionality
Demonstration SQLDependency: Basic Functionality

12 SqlDependency Steps SqlDependency.Start(Connection) Create SqlCommand
Only needed once per app e.g. in Global.ASAX Create SqlCommand Create SqlDependency Attach SqlDependency to SqlCommand Execute SqlCommand Create delegate to listen for OnChange and/or SqlDependency.Changed property

13 The Plumbing Data Change SqlDep Start SQL Connection Service Broker
creates queue creates service creates sproc for cleanup “something changed!” Data Container Query w/ Depend Application SQL Server 2005

14 SqlDependency.Start Creates static non-pooled connection
Creates default queues and services Optional Create your own custom services & queues in SQL Server and pass the queue name as a parameter with Start SqlDependency.Start(connString) or SqlDependency.Start(connString,”myQueue”,”myService”)

15 SqlNotificationEventArgs
Notification is not always about a change Type Source Info One of 18 Enums can be returned Update Invalid: Query does not follow rules Options: Not all SQL Server options are set more… Notification returns immediately for problems

16 In the Middle Tier Cache Data at the Application Level
All client sessions get data from that cache Notification triggers the cache to update

17 SqlDependency in the Middle Tier
Demonstration SqlDependency in the Middle Tier

18 SqlNotificationRequest
Lower level than SqlDependency Does not use default queue in SQL Server Custom Service and Queue must be created in SQL Server in advance Does not require an application wide “Start” Definitely for the middle tier

19 SqlNotificationRequest Steps
Create QUEUE & SERVICE in SS2005 Create SqlCommand Create SqlNotificationRequest Point request to QUEUE & SERVICE Attach SqlNotificationRequest to SqlCommand Execute SqlCommand Run WAITFOR Query Handle results of WAITFOR

20 Create Queue & Service CREATE QUEUE myqueue
CREATE SERVICE myservice ON QUEUE myqueue ([http://schemas.microsoft.com/SQL/Notifications/ PostQueryNotification])

21 SqlNotificationRequest
Demonstration SqlNotificationRequest

22 Cache Invalidation 1.x Invalidate triggers with:
File Change Key Change (pointing to different cache) Time Based Database change invalidation Complicated trickery Can be done with bells and whistles involving SQL Server TRIGGERS and file dependency re Jeff Prosise Wicked Code for doing this in 1.x

23 Cache Invalidation 2.0 SqlCacheDependency class
System.Web.Caching namespace Inherits from System.Web.Caching.CacheDependency Internals similar to SqlDependency Plugs into the Output Cache Two methods Server-side code using SqlCacheDependency Client side within <% OutputCache > directive

24 Demonstration SqlCacheDependency

25 SqlCacheDependency Steps
Similar to SqlDependency SqlDependency.Start Create SqlCommand Create SqlCacheDependency Attach SqlCacheDependency to command Execute Command Add SqlCacheDependency to the Cache of the Response object Set Cache properties

26 <% OutputCache…>
Remember the SqlDependency.Start Can be in global.asax System.Data.SqlClient.SqlDependency.Start(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings[“myConn”].ConnectionString) SqlDependency=“CommandNotification” Flags ASP.NET to use SQL Server 2005 Query Notification Applies to all valid queries related to page SqlDependency= anything else Will use polling method to check for changes to database Requires additional setup in web.config & aspnet_regsql.exe command line tool Works with SS2005, SS2000, SS7 for pre-sql2005: <caching>             <sqlCacheDependency>                         <databases>                                     <add name=”Northwind” connectionStringName=”NorthwindConnectionString1” />                         </databases>             </sqlCacheDependency> </caching> And then enable the database and table for notification: Aspnet_regsql.exe –S <server> -U <user> -P <password> -ed –d Northwind –et –t Products

27 <% OutputCache…>
Demonstration <% OutputCache…>

28 Conclusion Query Notification is a powerful feature for ASP.NET Applications Best target is read-mostly lookup tables Use in middle with ADO.NET classes Use at page level with ASP.NET classes

29 Contact Info Julie Lerman

30 Resources Query Notifications in ADO.NET 2.0 Bob Beauchemin, MSDN Online April 2005 What’s New in ADO.NET 2.0 Julia Lerman, MSDN Magazine April 2005 Caching Improvements in ASP.NET Whidbey G. Andrew Duthie, MSDN Online Feb 2004 Improved Caching in ASP.NET Stephen Walther, MSDN Online, June 2004 Asynchronous Command Execution in ADO.NET Pablo Castro, MSDN Online, July 2004 ADO.NET 2.0 and System.Xml v.2.0 – The Beta Version Alex Homer, Dave Sussman, Mark Fussell Addison-Wesley, April 2005

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