Presentation on theme: "Don R. Taaffe, Gospel preacher, Dunedin, Florida October 18, 2009"— Presentation transcript:
1Don R. Taaffe, Gospel preacher, Dunedin, Florida October 18, 2009 The churches of Christ in the New Testament 2 of 17 “the church in Antioch” Acts11:19-23, 26Don R. Taaffe,Gospel preacher,Dunedin, FloridaOctober 18, 2009
2Acts 11:19 Now those who were scattered after the persecution that arose over Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to no one but the Jews only. 20 But some of them were men from Cyprus and Cyrene, who, when they had come to Antioch, spoke to the Hellenists, preaching the Lord Jesus. 21 And the hand of the Lord was with them, and a great number believed and turned to the Lord. 22 Then news of these things came to the ears of the church in Jerusalem, and they sent out Barnabas to go as far as Antioch. 23 When he came and had seen the grace of God, he was glad, and encouraged them all that with purpose of heart they should continue with the Lord (NKJV)
3Acts 11:2626 And when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. So it was that for a whole year they assembled with the church and taught a great many people. And the disciples were first called Christians in Antioch. (NKJV)
4churches of Christ in the New Testament – 17 Lessons Origin of Lord’s churchThe church in AntiochThe church in ColosseThe church in CorinthThe church in CreteThe church in EphesusThe church in GalatiaThe church in JerusalemThe church in LaodiceaThe church in PergamumThe church in PhiladelphiaThe church in PhilippiThe church in RomeThe church in SardisThe church in SmyrnaThe church in ThessalonicaThe church in ThyatiraThe church in Dunedin?
5“Queen of the East”Antioch was one of the great capitals of the Roman empireIt was the third city after Rome and AlexandriaMade up of Syrians, Greeks, Jews, RomansFashion was the only law, pleasure was the only pursuit, and splendor of dress and furniture was the only distinction of citizens
6Colossians 1:18 Acts 14:23; 1 Peter 5:2 1 Peter 5:2 Acts 14:23 2 Shepherd the flock of God which is among you,serving as overseers, not by compulsion butwillingly, not for dishonest gain but eagerly; (NKJV)Acts 14:2323 So when they had appointed elders in everychurch, and prayed with fasting, they commendedthem to the Lord in whom they had believed.(NKJV)Colossians 1:18 (“He” Christ)18 And He is the head of the body, the church,who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead,that in all things He may have thepreeminence. (NKJV)ConstantinopleRomeAntiochJerusalemColossians 1:18Acts 14:23; 1 Peter 5:2Alexandria
7The Beginning of the church in Antioch Acts 11:19 (Barnabas and Saul [Paul])19 Now those who were scattered after thepersecution that arose over Stephen traveled as faras Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching theword to no one but the Jews only. (NKJV)How did the church begin and how did it fare in this evil environment – (Acts 11:19-23; Acts 13:14-50; 14:6-20)Started basically as a Jewish church – Acts 11:19Not a wealthy church, though threatened by the famine of Jerusalem they sent relief to others. They learn the great principle of our Lord, (Acts 20:35)After the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. the church in Antioch became the center for ChristianityIt started to fall into apostasy and continued until it’s demise.
8EXPLANATION OF GROWTH Acts 4:2 19 Now those who were scattered after the persecution thatarose over Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, andAntioch, preaching the word to no one but the Jews only. 20But some of them were men from Cyprus and Cyrene, who,when they had come to Antioch, spoke to the Hellenists,preaching the Lord Jesus.23 When he came and had seen the grace of God, he was glad,and encouraged them all that with purpose of heart theyshould continue with the Lord.26 And when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. Soit was that for a whole year they assembled with the churchand taught a great many people. And the disciples were firstcalled Christians in Antioch. (NKJV)EXPLANATION OF GROWTHActs 4:22 being greatly disturbed that they taught the peopleand preached in Jesus the resurrection from the dead.(NKJV)But how do we explain the phenomenal success of the gospel in Antioch over that of other cities?Three Biblical characteristics:1st - A teaching church (Edification) – Acts 11:19, 20, 23, 26 – These brethren believed in the power of the word and of the Lord!Preaching is always teaching; teaching is not always preaching. Antioch was a preaching/teaching church – Acts 4:2; (13:5, 38; 15:36; 17:3, 13; 1 Cor. 9:14)A teaching church – they were particularly adapt at seeing the opportunities that presented itself as an capitalizing on it. mattered not whether it was on the street corner, by the Riverside, in a synagogue, or in a private home, they were continually proclaiming the word of the Lord. Today, we preach first principles to an audience of 98% Christians and leaned back with a sigh of contentment and say we have preached the gospel. These early preachers and teachers would be appalled at the lack of boldness and depth in our present day teaching programs. There was a day in which we believed in preaching the gospel by radio, but today not many congregations are continuing their programs. Yet today radio audiences are larger than ever before. We need to flood the airwaves with the gospel. Newspaper advertising can be very expensive but we need to go after the free ads and art and write articles for the paper that are free. Television programs are very expensive so congregations have formed unscriptural arrangements to meet these cost, but we must remember that and never justifies the means. You cannot do evil that good may come. The teaching program of the church in Antioch is an indictment against our generation. The church that has an aggressive teaching program is a church that grows.
9EXPLANATION OF GROWTH Lessons for us Acts 22:21 Acts 11:24 21 And the hand of the Lord was with them, and a greatnumber believed and turned to the Lord.24 For he was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith.And a great many people were added to the Lord.26 And when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. Soit was that for a whole year they assembled with the churchand taught a great many people. And the disciples were firstcalled Christians in Antioch.Acts 15:3535 Paul and Barnabas also remained in Antioch, teaching andpreaching the word of the Lord, with many others also. (NKJV)Acts 22:2121 Then He said to me, 'Depart, for I will send you farfrom here to the Gentiles.'" (NKJV)Lessons for usDon’t be discouraged when people reject the gospelLook for new opportunities for the gospel Acts 22:21; (Acts 11:19-23; 15:35)Good and honest hearts still exist and will hear and believe the gospel -- Acts 11:24Christ will still bless the faithful work of his servants -- Acts 11:21, 24, 26Christians belong to Christ not the world -- Acts 11: 26; Galatians 3:28-29Acts 11:2424 For he was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and offaith. And a great many people were added to the Lord.(NKJV)Galatians 3:28-2928 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neitherslave nor free, there is neither male nor female; foryou are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if you areChrist's, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirsaccording to the promise. (NKJV)
10WORK OF THE LOCAL CHURCH Ephesians 4:11-12 PATTERN OF SOUND WORDS2 Timothy 1:13WORK OF THE LOCAL CHURCH Ephesians 4:11-12Ephesians 4:11-1211 And He Himself gave some to be apostles, someprophets, some evangelists, and some pastors andteachers, 12 for the equipping of the saints for thework of ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ,(NKJV)2 Timothy 1:1313 Hold fast the pattern of sound words which youhave heard from me, in faith and love which are inChrist Jesus. (NKJV)1 Thessalonians 1:88 For from you the word of the Lord has sounded forth,not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in everyplace. Your faith toward God has gone out, so that wedo not need to say anything. (NKJV)1 Timothy 5:1616 If any believing man or woman has widows, let themrelieve them, and do not let the church be burdened,that it may relieve those who are really widows. (NKJV)Acts 20:2828 "And now beware! Be sure that you feed and shepherdGod's flock-his church, purchased with his blood-for the HolySpirit is holding you responsible as overseers. (TLB)28 Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock,among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, toshepherd the church of God which He purchased with His ownblood. (NKJV)God’s pattern for the work of the local churchCaring for needy saints - 1 Timothy 5:16Evangelism - 1 Thessalonians 1:8Edification - Acts 20:28; (1 Corinthians 14:26;Eph. 4:11-12) If no order, then no disorder (1Cor. 14:40)7
11COOPERATION OF CHURCHES PATTERN OF SOUND WORDS2 Timothy 1:13COOPERATION OF CHURCHES1 Peter 5:22 Shepherd the flock of God which is among you,serving as overseers, not by compulsion but willingly,not for dishonest gain but eagerly; (NKJV)God’s Pattern for Cooperation in EdificationAccomplished locally - 1 Peter 5:2EldersDeaconsSaintsPreachers/TeachersLocalChurchCharges of Saddam Lord’s23
12EDIFICATION What Antioch Practiced Acts 13:1-3; Philippians 4:15-16 1 Now in the church that was at Antioch there were certainprophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon who was calledNiger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen who had been brought upwith Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. 2 As they ministered to theLord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said,"Now separate to MeBarnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them."3 Then, having fasted and prayed, and laid hands on them, theysent them away. (NKJV)EDIFICATIONPhilippians 4:15-1615 Now you Philippians know also that in the beginningof the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, nochurch shared with me concerning giving and receivingbut you only. 16 For even in Thessalonica you sent aidonce and again for my necessities (NKJV)C$2 Corinthians 11:88 I robbed other churches, taking wages from them tominister to you. (NKJV)Preach andTeachingThe Gospel$PreacherTeacherC$CActs 13:1-3; Philippians 4:15-162 Corinthians 11:811
13Not Practiced in True churches EDIFICATIONC$Teach or PreachGospelTeacher$SponsoringOrganization$CPreacher$CScripture Please!NOT THIS!12
14Not Practice by True churches OkayNot Practice by True churchesEDIFICATIONC$PreachAndTeachGospel$BibleSchoolPreachersTeachers$C$CScripture Please!NOT THIS!13
15EXPLANATION OF GROWTH Acts 11:29-30 Three Biblical characteristics:2nd - A benevolent church – Acts 11:29-30 – This was done without a special call from Judea!This was a congregation of God’s people that cared.Our Father has a way of blessing those who minister unto the needy.Many today “pass by on the other side,” (Luke 10:31)Acts 11:29-3029 Then the disciples, each according to his ability,determined to send relief to the brethren dwelling inJudea. 30 This they also did, and sent it to the elders bythe hands of Barnabas and Saul. (NKJV)Saul was preaching in Judea - Galatians1:22; Acts 11:27–30;12:25; 26:20.A famine came on the land of Judea and Antioch responded. Determined according to their ability to send relief to the elders at Judea.
16Local Church is Sufficient BENEVOLENCE1 Corinthians 16:1-41 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have givenorders to the churches of Galatia, so you must do also: 2 Onthe first day of the week let each one of you lay somethingaside, storing up as he may prosper, that there be nocollections when I come. 3 And when I come, whomever youapprove by your letters I will send to bear your gift toJerusalem. 4 But if it is fitting that I go also, they will go withme. (NKJV)Acts 4:34-3734 Nor was there anyone among them who lacked; for all whowere possessors of lands or houses sold them, and broughtthe proceeds of the things that were sold, 35 and laid them atthe apostles' feet; and they distributed to each as anyonehad need. 36 And Joses, who was also named Barnabas bythe apostles (which is translated Son of Encouragement), aLevite of the country of Cyprus, 37 having land, sold it, andbrought the money and laid it at the apostles' feet. (NKJV)Acts 2:44-4544 Now all who believed were together, and had allthings in common, 45 and sold their possessions andgoods, and divided them among all, as anyone hadneed. (NKJV)Local Church (elders)$Relieve itsNeedy SaintsActs 2:44-45; 4:34-37; 1 Corinthians 16:1-4; (2 Cor 8:12-15; 9:12-15; Acts 6:1-6; 11:27-30)6
17Local Church is Sufficient Acts 11:27-3027 And in these days prophets came from Jerusalem toAntioch. 28 Then one of them, named Agabus, stood up andshowed by the Spirit that there was going to be a greatfamine throughout all the world, which also happened in thedays of Claudius Caesar. 29 Then the disciples, eachaccording to his ability, determined to send relief to thebrethren dwelling in Judea. 30 This they also did, and sent itto the elders by the hands of Barnabas and Saul. (NKJV)Romans 15:25-2725 But now I am going to Jerusalem to minister to the saints.26 For it pleased those from Macedonia and Achaia to makea certain contribution for the poor among the saints who arein Jerusalem. 27 It pleased them indeed, and they are theirdebtors. For if the Gentiles have been partakers of theirspiritual things, their duty is also to minister to them inmaterial things. (NKJV)BENEVOLENCEC$Local Church in need(to elders)$$Relieve itsNeedy SaintsC$CActs 11:27-30; Romans 15:25-27;(1 Cor. 16:1-3; 2 Cor. 8:1-4, 13-15; 9:1, 12-14)7
18Local Church is not Sufficient! BENEVOLENCEC$$$$RelieveNeedyINSTITUTIONNeedC$CScripture Please!NOT THIS!8
19Local Christians are Sufficient BENEVOLENCEJames 1:26-2726 If anyone among you thinks he is religious, and doesnot bridle his tongue but deceives his own heart, thisone's religion is useless. 27 Pure and undefiledreligion before God and the Father is this: to visit (AIDdrt) orphans and widows in their trouble, and to keeponeself unspotted from the world. (NKJV)d$RelieveNeedy of the World(Non Christians)d$$dJames 1:26-27; (Luke 10:25-36; Matthew 25:31-46; Revelation 20:11-15; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 1 Peter 1:17; Galatians 6:10)7
20EXPLANATION OF GROWTH Ephesians 4:12 Three Biblical characteristics:3rd - A missionary church (Evangelism) – Ephesians 4:12 ASV– Paul uses “building up” same word Jesus used in (Matt. 16:18) used in a since of planting, establishing it when it is not known, extending the borders of the kingdom by taking it into new territory by “evangelism”, preaching of the gospel.They fully recognize that the great commission of Christ contained six “all’s” all power, all ye, all the world, all nations, all things, all the days.The two great missionaries of this church where the apostle Paul and the evangelist Barnabas.The missionary movement that began in Antioch and Jerusalem swept over the whole world. (Romans 1:8)Paul summed it up “to live is Christ,” (Philippians 1:2)Ephesians 4:1212 for the equipping of the saints for the work ofservice, to the building up (Edifying NKJV) of the body ofChrist; (NASU)Saul was preaching in Judea - Galatians1:22; Acts 11:27–30;12:25; 26:20.A famine came on the land of Judea and Antioch responded. Determined according to their ability to send relief to the elders at Judea.
21COOPERATION OF CHURCHES – THE WAY ANTIOCH DID IT PATTERN OF SOUND WORDS2 Timothy 1:13COOPERATION OF CHURCHES – THE WAY ANTIOCH DID ITGod’s Pattern for Cooperation in EvangelismChurch sendspreachersActs 11:30;Matthew 28:19-20Matt 28:19-2019 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations,baptizing them in the name of the Father and of theSon and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them toobserve all things that I have commanded you; and lo,I am with you always, even to the end of the age."Amen. (NKJV)Acts 11:3030 This they also did, and sent it to the elders by thehands of Barnabas and Saul. (NKJV)PPCP22
22COOPERATION OF CHURCHES – THE WAY ANTIOCH DID IT PATTERN OF SOUND WORDS2 Timothy 1:13COOPERATION OF CHURCHES – THE WAY ANTIOCH DID ITPhilippians 4:14-1614 Nevertheless you have done well that you shared in mydistress. 15 Now you Philippians know also that in thebeginning of the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia,no church shared with me concerning giving and receiving butyou only. 16 For even in Thessalonica you sent aid once andagain for my necessities. (NKJV)God’s Pattern for Cooperation in EvangelismChurch supportspreachersPhilippians 4:14-16;2 Corinthians 11:8-92 Corinthians 11:8-98 I robbed other churches, taking wages from them to ministerto you. 9 And when I was present with you, and in need, I was aburden to no one, for what I lacked the brethren who camefrom Macedonia supplied. And in everything I kept myself frombeing burdensome to you, and so I will keep myself. (NKJV)P$CP21
23CHURCH SUPPORT OF A HUMAN ORGANIZATION?? PATTERN OF SOUND WORDS2 Timothy 1:13PC$MissionarySocietyP$C$PC13
24SPONSORING CHURCH ARRANGEMENT?? PATTERN OF SOUND WORDS2 Timothy 1:13PC$SponsoringChurchP$C$PC15
25APOSTASY IN ANTIOCHBy 380 A. D. bishops in the church were writing of the great fall of this churchAll can be lost in a generation’s time.It could’ve been said of Antioch, what was said to Ephesians by our Lord and Savior, “you have left your first love remember, repent and do your first or work” (Revelation 2:4-5)
26History Warns of Apostasy Luke 8:131 Tim. 4:1Heb. 3:12Adam & EveDays of NoahIsrael1 Cor. 10:11-12Antioch
27Conclusion: The church in Antioch The Church of Antioch was indeed a model church, it’s zeal, evangelism, benevolence, and edification, made it outstanding.It followed the plan of salvation perfectly:HEAR - John 6:45BELIEVE - John 8:24CONFESS - Roman 10:9-10REPENT - Acts 17:30BE BAPTIZED - Acts 22:16“to theChurch”Acts 2:47BE FAITHFUL Luke 6:40, 46