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Religion in the Colonies. Maryland A royal charter was granted to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, in 1632. A proprietary colony created in 1634. A healthier.

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Presentation on theme: "Religion in the Colonies. Maryland A royal charter was granted to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, in 1632. A proprietary colony created in 1634. A healthier."— Presentation transcript:

1 Religion in the Colonies

2 Maryland

3 A royal charter was granted to George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, in A proprietary colony created in A healthier location than Jamestown. Tobacco would be the main crop. Tobacco would be the main crop. His plan was to govern as an absentee proprietor in a feudal relationship. Huge tracts of land granted to his Catholic relatives. Huge tracts of land granted to his Catholic relatives. The Settlement of Maryland

4 Baltimore permitted high degree of freedom of worship in order to prevent repeat of persecution of Catholics by Protestants. High number of Protestants threatened because of overwhelming rights given to Catholics. High number of Protestants threatened because of overwhelming rights given to Catholics. Toleration Act of 1649 Supported by the Catholics in MD. Supported by the Catholics in MD. Guaranteed toleration to all CHRISTIANS. Guaranteed toleration to all CHRISTIANS. Decreed death to those who denied the divinity of Jesus [like Jews, atheists, etc.]. Decreed death to those who denied the divinity of Jesus [like Jews, atheists, etc.]. In one way, it was less tolerant than before the law was passed!! In one way, it was less tolerant than before the law was passed!! A Haven for Catholics

5 MD Toleration Act, 1649

6 The Toleration Act of whatsoever person or persons shall from henceforth upon any occasion of offence otherwise in a reproachfull manner or way declare call or denominate any person or persons whatsoever inhabiting, residing, traficking, trading or comercing within this province or within any ports, harbours, creeks or havens to the same belonging, an Heretick, Schismatick, Idolator, Puritan, Independent Presbyterian, Antenomian, Barrowist, Roundhead, Separatist, Popish Priest, Jesuit, Jesuited Papist, Lutheran, Calvenist, Anabaptist, Brownist or any other name or term in a reproachful manner relating to matters of Religion shall for every such offence foreit and lose the sum of ten shillings Sterling or the value thereof to be levied on the goods and chattels of every such offender and offenders... and if they could not pay, they were to be "publickly whipt and imprisoned without bail" until "he, she, or they shall satisfy the party so offended or grieved by such reproachful language...."

7 Massachusetts

8 Separatists vs. Puritans

9 Puritanism Calvinism Institutes of the Christian Religion Predestination. Good works could not save those predestined for hell. No one could be certain of their spiritual status. Gnawing doubts led to constantly seeking signs of conversion. Puritans: Want to totally reform [purify] the Church of England. Grew impatient with the slow process of Protestant Reformation back in England.

10 Separatist Beliefs: Puritans who believed only visible saints [those who could demonstrate in front of their fellow Puritans their elect status] should be admitted to church membership. Puritans who believed only visible saints [those who could demonstrate in front of their fellow Puritans their elect status] should be admitted to church membership. Because the Church of England enrolled all the kings subjects, Separatists felt they had to share churches with the damned. Because the Church of England enrolled all the kings subjects, Separatists felt they had to share churches with the damned. Therefore, they believed in a total break from the Church of England. Therefore, they believed in a total break from the Church of England. Separatists

11 Sources of Puritan Migration

12 1620 a group of 102 people [half Separatists] Negotiated with the Virginia Company to settle in its jurisdiction. Negotiated with the Virginia Company to settle in its jurisdiction. Non-Separatists included Captain Myles Standish. Non-Separatists included Captain Myles Standish. Plymouth Bay way outside the domain of the Virginia Company. Became squatters without legal right to land & specific authority to establish a govt. Became squatters without legal right to land & specific authority to establish a govt. The Mayflower

13 The Mayflower Compact November 11, 1620

14 Written and signed before the Pilgrims disembarked from the ship. Not a constitution, but an agreement to form a crude govt. and submit to majority rule. Signed by 41 adult males. Led to adult male settlers meeting in assemblies to make laws in town meetings.

15 Covenant Theology Covenant of Grace: between Puritan communities and God. Social Covenant: Between members of Puritan communities with each other. Required mutual watchfulness. No toleration of deviance or disorder. No privacy.

16 That First Year…. Winter of Only 44 out of the original 102 survived. None chose to leave in 1621 when the Mayflower sailed back. Fall of 1621 First Thanksgiving. Colony survived with fur [especially beaver], fish, and lumber. Plymouth stayed small and economically unimportant only 7,000 people Merged with Massachusetts Bay Colony.

17 William Bradford Self-taught scholar. Chosen governor of Plymouth 30 times in yearly elections. Worried about settlements of non-Puritans springing up nearby and corrupting Puritan society.

18 Patriarchy Authoritarian male father figures controlled each household. Patriarchal ministers and magistrates controlled church congregations and household patriarchs.

19 Puritan Rebels Young, popular minister in Salem. Argued for a full break with the Anglican Church. Argued for a full break with the Anglican Church. Condemned MA Bay Charter. Condemned MA Bay Charter. Did not give fair compensation to Indians. Did not give fair compensation to Indians. Denied authority of civil govt. to regulate religious behavior. Denied authority of civil govt. to regulate religious behavior found guilty of preaching new & dangerous opinions and was exiled. Roger Williams

20 1636 Roger Williams fled there. MA Bay Puritans had wanted to exile him to England to prevent him from founding a competing colony. MA Bay Puritans had wanted to exile him to England to prevent him from founding a competing colony. Remarkable political freedom in Providence, RI Remarkable political freedom in Providence, RI Universal manhood suffrage later restricted by a property qualification. Universal manhood suffrage later restricted by a property qualification. Opposed to special privilege of any kind freedom of opportunity for all. Opposed to special privilege of any kind freedom of opportunity for all. RI becomes known as the Sewer because it is seen by the Puritans as a dumping ground for unbelievers and religious dissenters More liberal than any other colony! Rhode Island

21 Intelligent, strong- willed, well-spoken woman. Threatened patriarchal control. Antinomialism-salvation can be found within yourself, you do not have to follow church rules Puritan Rebels Anne Hutchinson

22 1638 she confounded the Puritan leaders for days. Eventually bragged that she had received her beliefs DIRECTLY from God. Puritan leaders banished her she & her family traveled to RI and later to NY. She and all but one member of her family were killed in an Indian attack in Westchester County. She and all but one member of her family were killed in an Indian attack in Westchester County. John Winthrop saw Gods hand in this! John Winthrop saw Gods hand in this! Anne Hutchinsons Trial

23 Pennsylvani a

24 The Quakers Called Quakers because they quaked during intense religious practices. They offended religious & secular leaders in England. Refused to pay taxes to support the Church of England. They met without paid clergy Believed all were children of God refused to treat the upper classes with deference. Keep hats on. Addressed them as commoners thees/thous. Wouldnt take oaths. Pacifists.

25 10 Minute Free Write Include a thesis and vocabulary. Otherwise just write as much as you can. Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference occur?


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