1. The Massachusetts Bay Colony 1629 Puritans get a royal charter to form the MA Bay Colony. Wanted to escape religious persecution 1630 1,000 people set off in 11 well-stocked ships Established a colony with Boston as its hub. Called “Great Migration” of the 1630s
Why did the Puritans leave England? –R–Religious freedom –E–Escape persecution from King Charles I The Great Migration 15,0000 journey to Mass.
Who was their leader? John Winthrop- Who was their leader? John Winthrop- “We shall be as a city on a hill..” Wealthy attorney and manor lord Devout Puritan Became 1 st governor of Massachusetts. Believed that he had a “calling” from God to lead there. Set an example by working hard to clear land & build a home Served as governor or deputy- governor for 19 years.
What was life like in the New England settlements? Low mortality average life expectancy was 70 years of age. Average 6 children per family. Average age at marriage: Women – 22 years old Men – 27 years old.
Who was the boss of the family? Male father figures controlled each household. Called a patriarchal society Ministers and magistrates controlled church & household patriarchs.
– Founder-Thomas Hooker- Puritan minister – Believed govt had too much power – Left Massachusetts Bay & started a new colony – 1636 2. Connecticut
Government of Connecticut Fundamental Orders of Connecticut – All men with property could vote, even if not Church members – Limited governor’s power
Another Puritan “Rebel” Roger Williams- young, popular minister in Salem. Believed church & state (govt) should be separate 1635 found guilty of preaching new & dangerous opinions and was exiled. Roger Williams
1636 Roger Williams founds Rhode Island. Remarkable political freedom in Providence, RI No special privileges for anyone No special privileges for anyone freedom of opportunity for all. freedom of opportunity for all. Fair to Native Americans Fair to Native Americans All white men can vote All white men can vote No one has to go to Church. No one has to go to Church. RI becomes known as the “Sewer” -seen by the Puritans as a dumping ground for unbelievers More liberal than any other colony! 3. Rhode Island
Anne Hutchinson Intelligent, strong-willed, well-spoken woman. Devout Puritan Discussed sermons Believed holy life was no sure sign of salvation. sign of salvation. Another Puritan “Rebel”
1638 – lasted 2 days Finally stated she had received her beliefs DIRECTLY from God. Puritan leaders banished her she & her family traveled to RI and later to NY. She and all but one member of her family were killed in an Indian attack in Westchester County. John Winthrop saw God’s hand in this! Anne Hutchinson’s Trial
Indians especially weak in New England epidemics wiped out ¾ of the native popul.. Some colonists like Thomas Hooker & Roger Williams were fair but……. Puritans vs. Native Americans
More settlers take more land War begins- 1675 Metacom [King Philip to white settlers]- chief of Wampanoag Indians Other tribes unite with them & 600 settlers are killed But…. The English keep coming & taking… But…. The English keep coming & taking…
The war ended in failure for the Indians Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartered. His son and wife sold into slavery. Never a serious threat in New England again!! King Philip’s War (1675-1676}
Describe the Sabbath: – Holy Day – Nobody could talk, joke, drink – Everybody attended church
Purpose: – Vote or make decisions – Took place at church – Made strict religious laws
Economy of New England: – Shipbuilding (trees from forests) – Hunted in forest- wild turkey, deer – Fishing and whaling from ships