7 1. The Massachusetts Bay Colony 1629 Puritans get a royal charter to form the MA Bay Colony.Wanted to escape religious persecution1630 1,000 people set off in 11 well-stocked shipsEstablished a colony with Boston as its hub.Called “Great Migration” of the 1630s
8 The Great Migration Why did the Puritans leave England? Religious freedomEscape persecution from King Charles I15,0000 journey to Mass.
9 “We shall be as a city on a hill..” Who was their leader?John Winthrop-Wealthy attorney and manor lordDevout PuritanBecame 1st governor of Massachusetts.Believed that he had a “calling” from God to lead there.Set an example by working hard to clear land & build a homeServed as governor or deputy-governor for 19 years.“We shall be as a city on a hill..”
11 What was life like in the New England settlements? Low mortality average life expectancy was 70 years of age.Average 6 children per family.Average age at marriage:Women – 22 years oldMen – 27 years old.
12 Who was the boss of the family? Male father figures controlled each household.Called a patriarchal societyMinisters and magistrates controlled church & household patriarchs.
13 2. Connecticut Founder-Thomas Hooker- Puritan minister Believed govt had too much powerLeft Massachusetts Bay & started a new colony1636
14 Government of Connecticut Fundamental Orders of ConnecticutAll men with property could vote, even if not Church membersLimited governor’s power
15 Another Puritan “Rebel” Roger Williams- young, popular minister in Salem.Believed church & state (govt) should be separate1635 found guilty of preaching new & dangerous opinions and was exiled.Roger Williams
16 3. Rhode Island 1636 Roger Williams founds Rhode Island. Remarkable political freedom in Providence, RINo special privileges for anyonefreedom of opportunity for all.Fair to Native AmericansAll white men can voteNo one has to go to Church.RI becomes known as the “Sewer” -seen by the Puritans as a dumping ground for unbelievers More liberal than any other colony!
18 Another Puritan “Rebel” Anne HutchinsonIntelligent, strong-willed, well-spoken woman.Devout PuritanDiscussed sermonsBelieved holy life was no suresign of salvation.
19 Anne Hutchinson’s Trial 1638 – lasted 2 daysFinally stated she had received her beliefs DIRECTLY from God.Puritan leaders banished her she & her family traveled to RI and later to NY.She and all but one member of her family were killed in an Indian attack in Westchester County.John Winthrop saw God’s hand in this!
22 Puritans vs. Native Americans Indians especially weak in New England epidemics wiped out ¾ of the native popul..Some colonists like Thomas Hooker & Roger Williams were fair but…….
23 The English keep coming & taking… But….The English keep coming & taking…More settlers take more landWar begins- 1675Metacom [King Philip to white settlers]- chief of Wampanoag IndiansOther tribes unite with them & 600 settlers are killed
24 King Philip’s War (1675-1676} The war ended in failure for the Indians Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartered.His son and wife sold into slavery.Never a serious threat in New England again!!
25 Life in New England Colonies Describe the Sabbath:Holy DayNobody could talk, joke, drinkEverybody attended church
26 The Town Meeting Purpose: Vote or make decisions Took place at church Made strict religious laws
27 Economy of New England Colonies Shipbuilding (trees from forests)Hunted in forest- wild turkey, deerFishing and whaling from ships