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Private and confidential Agricultural Banking Stanbic Bank Uganda Experiences in developing agricultural financial loans – the role of market information.

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Presentation on theme: "Private and confidential Agricultural Banking Stanbic Bank Uganda Experiences in developing agricultural financial loans – the role of market information."— Presentation transcript:

1 Private and confidential Agricultural Banking Stanbic Bank Uganda Experiences in developing agricultural financial loans – the role of market information September 2011.

2 1 Outline 1. Overview of Stanbic Bank (U) Ltd 2. Changing agriculture sector landscape and the improving market information : creates opportunity for Africa 3. Standard Bank Agricultural Banking 4. The smallholder farmers and Agribusiness funding scheme 5. Success Factors and Key constraints 6. Key message

3 Private and confidential Section 1 Overview of Stanbic Bank

4 3 Stanbic Bank : African Roots with Global Reach African Footprint Key regional offices Background 17 African countries Over 1,000 Branches & 7,500 ATMs across these geographic regions Established in 1862 Listed on the JSE Largest trader of African currencies in the world Offices in key regional financial centre's including London, Moscow, New York, Hong Kong, Sao Paulo and Dubai Stanbic Bank (U) Ltd– largest branch network 97 branches; over 60%upcountry Extensive expertise and strong track record of operating in emerging markets, mainly in Africa. The largest African bank by geographic spread, assets, earnings and market capitalization Winner of the Development Finance Initiative of the year. Agribusiness Investment Award Africa Investor

5 4 4 Out Africa footprint * Trading as Stanbic Bank Algeria EgyptLibya Congo Central African Republic ChadNiger Benin Togo Burkina Faso Mali Mauritania Nigeria Western Sahara Senega l Ivory Coast Ghana Cameroon Gabon Gambia Guinea Bissau Guinea Sierra Leone Liberia Equatorial Guinea Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Sudan Ethiopia Kenya Tanzania Uganda Rwanda Burundi Madagascar Botswana South Africa Namibia Zambia Angola Mauritius Mozambique Lesotho Malawi Somalia Djibouti Eritrea Seychelles Swaziland Morocco Cape Verde Tunisia Zimbabwe CountryBranches Corporate Banking Retail Banking South Africa664 Botswana*10 Swaziland11 Namibia44 Zimbabwe*18 Zambia*12 Malawi19 Mozambique34 Ghana*21 Nigeria*96 Kenya*16 Lesotho15 Uganda*98 DRC*2 Angola*1* Tanzania*11 Mauritius1

6 Private and confidential Section 2: Changing landscape in the agriculture sector: creates opportunity for Africa

7 6 The role of Market information in banking product development and offering Market Information Plays a leading role in the Banks product development and offering; – Prices of agricultural Commodities at Key points in the value chain – Reliable Historical data gives an indication of future price movements and demand – Data on movement of prices and demand in agricultural commodities forms a strong basis in product development and offering

8 7 Changing landscape in the global agriculture sector Africa has the potential to increase production and productivity to meet growing demand food demand Establish functional and more lucrative supply chains Agric commodity export opportunities for Africa Import substitution that will arise from increasingly competitive African agribusinesses. Global consumption of food & livestock to increase significantly by 2019 (by about 50% for developing countries) Food prices increases (mainly due to increase in energy price) Global food inflation increased sharply from (mainly for low and low-middle- income countries) Africa realizing significant annual growth: > 5% GDP growth Agricultural yields stagnated in spite of average per capita production increase Some key trends Opportunities

9 Private and confidential Section 3 Agricultural Banking – Integrated value chain finance approach and product offering

10 * Note, derivatives still restricted to SA (Safex) and some African imports and exports Banking the Agricultural Value Chain: Needs and Products Value Chain Activities & Needs Need timely production finance for inputs to ensure yields MTL to expand the businesses Price hedges to mitigate price volatility risk Crop insurance to mitigate risks Need finance to purchase crops (quality and quantity) at optimum time Need risk mitigation instruments for margin payments and support for carry trades Need finance for expansion and a acquisition targets Fert and seed cos aim to increase penetration by facilitating input finance Need to manage raw materials cost, and price volatility for buyers Capex for plant, equipment and infra Input Finance Crop Advance (prepayment for crop) VAF Finance instruments Risk* and Other Products To secure control over raw material Liquidity to buy at optimal time Hedging of revenues where processed commodity tradeable Need finance for expansion and acquisition targets Need liquidity to buy at optimal time, but want to reduce w. capital and credit risk Need finance expansion and acquisition targets Commodity finance – Repurchase Agreements – Receivables Finance – Warehouse receipt finance Leverage and acquisition finance Physical brokering Commodity price hedges, for own benefit and to facilitate financing Crop and weather Insurance Physical brokering Commodity price hedges Currency and ex rate hedges, FX Research Commodity finance – Repurchase Agreements Receivables finance Leverage and acquisition finance Physical brokering Commodity price hedges Currency and ex rate hedges, FX M&A Advisory Research Repurchase Agreements Warehouse financing Project finance Vehicle and Asset Finance (VAF) Physical brokering Price hedges (fertiliser, fuel?) Currency and ex rate hedges, FX Research Commodity finance Leverage and acquisition finance VAF [Physical brokering] Commodity price hedges Currency and ex rate hedges, FX M&A Advisory Research Input and Logistics Suppliers Farmers (small and commercial) Commodity Traders Primary Processors Food & Beverage Companies Wholesales and Retailers

11 10 Current product offering Stanbic Bank in partnership with AGRA and Kilimo Trust set up the Agri-Business Loan Scheme (Small holder Financing) The Government Agric Facility Vehicle and Asset Financing Ware house receipt financing Danida aBi Guarantee Commercial Agriculture Flexible and Innovative Agric Financing

12 11 Overview of the Agribusiness Scheme The scheme is a three year program and will disburse up to $100 million targeting 750,000 smallholder farmers and agribusinesses in 4 African countries: Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique and Ghana Risk partners provide partial risk cover (1 st loss guarantee and 50% risk participation) The scheme relies on value chain finance to leverage on the interlocking arrangements among the value chain actors The scheme leverage on partnerships to take the advantage of mechanization, TA support and precision agriculture to improve production efficiencies The scheme financial instruments include: – Input finance and agricultural production loans, – Commodity finance, – Agricultural machinery/equipment finance

13 12 Our partners are: KILIMO Trust, The Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID) Risk participation: 1 st loss guarantee and 50%/50% risk sharing

14 The Small holder farmer funding model: Risk sharing Partners Bank Co-ops Smallholder Farmers RSG Off-taking agreement Off-taker Technical Assistance Provider Contract and monitor TA providers Agric input / equipment providers

15 14 Aggregate portfolio performance Financed more than 70 projects Total number of smallholder farmers benefiting from the scheme is about 5,000

16 15 Country Specific financing Agricultural Production Crops Agricultural production Livestock &poultry Marketing including commodity trade Processing and light industries

17 Private and confidential Section 5 Success factors and key constraints

18 17 Some success factors Specialized Agricultural Banking: products and expertise Structured finance approach: Structured finance approach Self-liquidating and cash flow based finance Leverage on partnerships: lead firms, NGOs, etc Legally binding contracts. e.g. tripartite agreements, TA provision agreement and joint liability guarantee Increasing production efficiencies: Agronomy services and crop husbandry GIS mapping and soil testing Agricultural production manual & guidelines Mechanization: partnership with John Deere for the provision of agricultural equipment. Upgrading the value chains. Example, enabling farmers access to market through partnership with WFP and large domestic, regional and international agribusiness Cross selling opportunity: 55,000 smallholder farmers accessing finance through this scheme. How to bank them?

19 18 Some key constraints Maximizing the value chain finance concept in a context where: Inexistent/ underdeveloped value chains (mainly food crops) Loans are generally high volumes but relative small values Weak CBOs (producer groups, associations and co-operatives) Climate change: heavy reliance on rain fed agriculture Unorganised supply and demand High post harvest losses Erratic production due to weather shocks and seasonality High transaction costs resulting from information asymmetry and poor information flow. (adverse selection and moral hazard) Weak systems for contract enforcement (legally binding contracts) Lack of legislation and/or regulations suitable to agriculture financial intermediation (e.g. commodity finance supporting instruments)

20 19 MIS requirements for appropriate Agric-financing Agricultural produce pricing – Farm gate prices – Wholesale prices – Export / main off taker prices Quantities and Quality Price and quantity movements over time Expected costs involved Seasonality of crops and regional differences Storage and processing capacities availability and location Availability of markets and major market players Ease of delivery to markets

21 Private and confidential Section 5 Key message

22 21 Key messages for conducive policy Addressing market failures: information asymmetry Appropriate policies and regulations Avoid market distorting policies. e.g. government funding schemes, marketing and price control, etc Strengthen CBOs (producer groups, associations and co-operatives) to enable access to farmers Build climate change resilience and adaptation: e.g. investment in small and medium scale irrigation systems, Investing in public goods and infrastructures Adopting policies and strategies to re-risk agriculture sector: e.g. risk sharing and price hedging Harnessing legal systems for contract enforcement Harnessing legislation and/or regulations suitable to agriculture financial intermediation (e.g. commodity finance supporting instruments)

23 Contact Details Richard Wangwe Head, Agriculture Stanbic Bank (U) Ltd,

24 Thank you


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