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Thinking in Threes: Its What Strategic Thinking is All About! Presented by Dorit Sasson June 30, 2009 The New Teacher Resource Center

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Presentation on theme: "Thinking in Threes: Its What Strategic Thinking is All About! Presented by Dorit Sasson June 30, 2009 The New Teacher Resource Center"— Presentation transcript:

1 Thinking in Threes: Its What Strategic Thinking is All About! Presented by Dorit Sasson June 30, 2009 The New Teacher Resource Center

2 © 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 2 Agenda Introduction to the Power of 3 What does strategic teaching look like in a college level classroom? What is the purpose of strategic instruction? What are some engaging strategic activities?

3 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 3 The Power Of Three – Three, Three, Three! Lights! Camera! Action! All good things come in threes. Norwegian proverb Ready! Aim! Fire!

4 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 4 Theres Something Special About the Number 3! The number 3 is everywhere. The number 3 is omnipresent. The number 3 is ubiquitous.

5 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 5 Thinking in Threes Is All Around Us Speech Coaches Military instructors Comedians Experienced teachers also know that people learn better in threes: reading about something, writing about it, and speaking about it.

6 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 6 Memorable Historical Speeches Friends, Romans, countrymen… (William Shakespeare) Government of the people, by the people, for the people… (Abraham Lincoln) Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last! (Martin Luther King)

7 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 7 Other Examples Of The Use Of Three Can you provide other examples of the use of three from your life or teaching experience?

8 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 8 Strategic Teaching In Threes How can teachers make learning meaningful in a 3-part way so students will remember? To do that successfully, we need to first ask a few questions…

9 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 9 3 Questions Teachers Ask Whats the best way to ensure students are engaged with their reading? How can teachers make reading assignments more interesting? How can students take responsibility for their learning?

10 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 10 Strategic Teaching Is About… Fostering how to think by using a range of teacher behaviors and methods where teachers interact with students.

11 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 11 Make Learning Active In addition to lectures, provide opportunities for students to SEE and DO things with key concepts. Problem solving, group discussions, prediction guides and short papers are a few ways to employ active learning methods.

12 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 12 The Purpose Of Strategic Instruction To bring classroom relevance to our instruction, which helps foster interest and motivation To guide instruction by focusing on learning strategies that foster thinking skills in relation to the content

13 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 13 The Strategic Teaching Experience Students pick up the idea that thinking strategically is a good thing – both useful and fun. Study strategies are especially important in an introductory class.

14 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 14 Lesson Planning Helper - 1 Who are my learners? Consider the learners abilities and backgrounds. Consider the students prior knowledge and experiences What kind of material needs to be taught?

15 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 15 Lesson Planning Helper - 2 What is the critical task? What do I want students to do in terms of goals and outcomes? What are some strategic teaching and learning strategies they can use right away?

16 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 16 Teaching strategically is the bridge between what students know and what students want/need to know. Why Teach Strategically?

17 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 17 The Strategic Connection Strategic teaching connects the what part of teaching with the how. What = the task How = the knowledge, tools and skills needed to do the task.

18 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 18 What Motivates Learners To Think Strategically? Discovery Discovery tasks Understanding Questioning Mastery Feeling competent Good grades Clear expectations

19 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 19 Questions from Students in a Typical Strategic Lesson… 1.What am I actually expected to do here? 2.How does this task resemble or differ from others Ive tackled in the past? 3.What different ways are there of interpreting this question? 4.What is the significance of the particular words used?

20 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 20 Consideration for Choosing Tasks Choosing tasks based on what students know and their ability is very important for stimulating them in such a way so they have the highest chance of being successful.

21 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 21 Lesson Planning Helper -3 Blooms Taxonomy Knowledge (lowest) Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation (highest) We need to aim for the highest!

22 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 22 Where Do You Start? Begin by taking into consideration what students actually know in terms of: World knowledge What they know about themselves What they know about their skills and abilities

23 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 23 Strategic Teaching Methods Strategic Reading and Writing (K-W-L Charts) Problem Solving

24 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 24 Engaging Beginnings Engaging beginnings activate students prior knowledge. They make use of what they already know before any new knowledge is presented to them.

25 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 25 Why Brainstorming and Prediction Exercises? Teachers need to elicit what students know. Many academic texts assume students have the cultural, social and textual knowledge to understand the gist of the text.

26 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 26 Why Brainstorming and Prediction Exercises? Teachers can create a classroom of acceptance (no judgment or evaluation is placed) Teachers are able to appeal to diverse classrooms.

27 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 27 Engaging Middles To help students clearly and easily comprehend the content they are reading, stop at key points in the text and have them confirm their predictions during reading activities.

28 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 28 Useful Questions To Ask While Reading What are the facts here, as distinct from the opinions? What is the gist of this reading?

29 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 29 Satisfying Endings Two questions to help students more clearly understand what they have just learned from their reading. What did you learn now that you didnt learn before? What question would you like to ask the writer?

30 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 30 K-W-L Strategic Reading in Action Summary K- What do I know about _______________? W- What do I want to know about_________? L- What have I learned about__________?

31 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 31 The Rule of Three for Strategic Essay Writing A good thesis statement includes three Ps. It is a three-Pronged Parallel Preview of your essay. Taken from Thinking in Threes, Brian Backman, 2005.

32 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 32 Strategic Writing In Action Television has a positive effect because it helps you learn; it gives you information from all over the world; and it allows you to relax.

33 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 33 Strategic Writing in Action K – What do I want to know? W – What more about my topic do I want to know? L – What information have I learned from doing this task successfully?

34 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 34 Strategic Instruction Teaches Students How to Participate Work through a problem or piece of material that illustrates course content. Engaging students in actual work during the first class session gives them an idea of what your class will be like.

35 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 35 A Consideration for Illustrating Strategic Thinking Consider a brief presentation of a core idea or pose a typical problem. Rationale: Problem solving activities provide opportunity for learners to attach meaning to what they learn.

36 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 36 Problem Solving in Action Question: Most students in the class think that college students need more sleep than high school students in order to function. Activity: Develop a statement that makes this statement true/false.

37 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 37 Problem Solving - Thinking in Threes! Stages Stage 1- Prediction Students predict if the statement is true or false using previous knowledge

38 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 38 Problem Solving - Thinking in Threes! Stages Stage 2- Gathering of Evidence Based on their reading, students interview their peers.

39 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 39 Problem Solving - Thinking in Threes! Stages Stage 3- Evaluation The students then come up with a logical statement that includes their points.

40 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 40 Summary Questions? Comments? Do you have topics of interest to you for future presentations?

41 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 41 The Heart of Strategic Teaching, Learning and Thinking Give a man a fish, and he is fed for a day. Teach a man how to fish, and he is fed for a lifetime," is at the heart of the thinking about strategic teaching and learning. As a teacher, you must learn "how to fish," and so must your students.

42 June 30, 2009 Copyright 2009 Dorit Sasson All Rights Reserved 42 Thank You! Thank you for your participation and attention! – Dorit Sasson


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