Presentation on theme: "How compact is the material?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How compact is the material? DensityHow compact is the material?
2 Density is the measure of the “compactness” of a material How close the atoms or molecules are to each otherMore than“heaviness”- density includes how much space an object takes up!All substances have density including liquids, solids, and gasesBread slice and compacted bread in large flask of water
3 “Compactness”Hot air balloon - Describe how a hot air balloon works. Defend your argument.
4 DensityDensity describes how much mass is in a given volume of a material.
5 Mass is the amount of matter in an object (usually measured in grams) Volume is the amount of space an object takes up (usually measured in ml or cm3)
7 Word problems Given: mass = 1500 g; volume = 1700 mL Equation: D = m/v A solid wax candle has a volume of 1,700 mL. The candle has a mass of 1.5 kg (1,500 g). What is the density of the candle?Given: mass = 1500 g; volume = 1700 mL Equation: D = m/vSolve:1,500 g ÷ 1,700 mL = g/mL= .88 g/mL
8 increase decrease What do you think? If the volume stays the same and the mass increases the density willIf the mass stays the same and the volume increases The density willincreasedecreaseWhat do you think?
9 For liquids use units of grams per milliliter (g/mL) Units for densityThe units used for density depend on whether the substance is solid or liquid.For liquids use units of grams per milliliter (g/mL)For solids use density in units of g/cm3 or kg/m3.