2 Do you know how to comply with federal hazardous waste regulations? Do you know what is considered hazardous waste?
3 Wastes are considered hazardous if they appear on one of four lists published in the Code of Federal Regulations. There are currently more than 500 wastes listed because they are known to be harmful to human health and the environment.
4 A material may be hazardous even if it doesn’t appear on the lists if it: Is an ignitable waste (paints, degreasers and solvents)Is a corrosive waste (rust removers, acid cleaning fluids and battery acid)Is reactive waste, meaning it is unstable and explodes or produces toxic fumes, gases and vapors when mixed with water or placed under heat or pressure (cyanides or sulfide-bearing wastesIs a toxic waste, meaning it is harmful or fatal when ingested or absorbed or leaches toxic chemicals into the soil or ground when land filled (cadmium, lead or mercury)
5 Typical Wastes Generated Type of BusinessHow GeneratedTypical WastesConstructionPaint prep and painting, floor work, heavy construction and construction vehiclesIgnitable wastes, paint wastes, acids/basesLaboratoriesDiagnostic and other lab testingSpent solvents, unused reagents, reaction products, testing samples, contaminated materialsVehicle MaintenanceDegreasing, rust removal, paint prep, tank cleanout, installation of lead-acid batteriesAcids/bases, solvents, ignitable wastes, paint wastesEquipment RepairDegreasing, cleaning, paintingAcids/bases, toxic wastes, ignitable wastes, paint wastes, solvents
6 PCB’S (Polychlorinated Biphenyls) Hazardous Waste ?PCBs are not hazardous waste under federal regulations, although many of the management requirements are similar to those for hazardous wastes. Some states, however, choose to include PCBs in their Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) hazardous waste programs. Therefore, management and disposal of PCBs in these states are subject to requirements of both TSCA (Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976) and RCRA.
7 PCB’s What are they?PCBs are a family of over 200 organic compounds. They vary from mobile, oily liquids to white solids, or resins. PCBs demonstrate a high degree of chemical stability, high boiling points, low flammability, and low electrical conductivity. These properties made PCBs attractive for many high-temperature and electrical insulating applications. However, these same properties cause PCBs to remain in the environment for a long time. PCBs accumulate throughout the food chain, and EPA considers them carcinogens.
8 What are Polychlorinated Biphenyls Synthetic Organic ChemicalsCarcinogensTeratogensNo taste nor smell, colorless to light yellow
9 What are PCB used for? Coolants Lubricants Transformers Capacitors Insulators
10 Where are they currently? Mostly in light ballastsTransformersOld appliancesAn IDEA on how to manage PCB’sIdentify all potential PCB’sDevelop a plan to manage PCB’sEliminate leaky PCB materialAsses environmental impact
11 PCB ClassificationsRegulation of PCBs and PCB-containing materials derives from the concentration of PCBs in a material. Below 50 parts per million PCBs, the material is “non-PCB.” Between 50 and 500 parts per million PCBs, the material is “PCB-contaminated.” Above 500 parts per million PCBs, the material is a PCB.
13 Manage PCBs Inspect every 3 months Keep logs of inspections When removed from service, make record & keep with inspection log
14 Eliminate Damaged PCB Material Keep PCB containing material in a approved containerDispose of within 1 year
15 Access the Damage Records kept and available Spill plan in placeEmergency plan in placeDisposal equipment & plan in placeRecords kept and availablePersonnel trained on what to do
16 Plan for PCBs Check transformers for leaks every 3 months. Storage container checked for leaks every 30 days.If storing over 99.4 lbs., must have a annual document log and records of disposal of PCBs and PCB items
17 Item-by-Item Instructions for Completing EPA Form 7720-12 Return completed form to:Fibers & Organics Branch (7404T)Office of Pollution Prevention & ToxicsU.S. Environmental Protection Agency1200 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W.Washington, DCFAX –PCB Transformer means any transformer that contains 500 ppm or greater PCB dielectric. For PCB concentration assumptionsapplicable to transformers containing three pounds or more of fluid other than mineral oil, see 40 CFR For provisionspermitting reclassification of electrical equipment containing 500 ppm or greater PCBs to PCB-Contaminated ElectricalEquipment, see 40 CFR (a) and (h).Type or print in black ink all items, except Item 3, “Certification.” If you must use additional sheets, indicateclearly the number of the item on the form to which the information on the separate sheet applies.Item 1 Company Name: Enter the name of the company which owns the equipment.Address: Enter the street, city, state, and zip code of the company.Contact Name and Phone Number: Enter the name and business telephone number of the personwho should be contacted regarding information submitted on this form.
18 Item 2a Location of PCB Transformers: Enter the address (street, city, state, and zip code) where the PCB Transformer(s) islocated. Please note that the address you give must be a physical address, not a P.O. Box. Route numbers are acceptable providedthey include enough specificity to assist emergency response personnel in determining the location of the transformer(s).Item 2b Number (No.) of Transformers and weight (wt..): Enter the total number of PCB (500 ppm or greater) Transformersat this location (address) and the total weight (wt..) in kilograms (kg) of the PCB dielectric fluid in the transformer(s).Item 2c Any transformers containing flammable dielectric fluid: (Response optional) Circle yes or no if you have anyknowledge that there are or are not transformers at this location (address) that contain flammable (see 40 CFR (a)(1) -Characteristics of Ignitability) dielectric fluid.***Please note this form has been designed to accommodate companies submitting registrations for multiple locations. However,companies with more than 4 locations may choose to submit an additional form(s) or an attachment(s).Item VII -- Certification: This certification must be signed by the owner, operator, or an authorized representative of thetransformer owner or operator of the facility or property where the unit is located. An “authorized representative” is a personresponsible for the overall operation of the facility (i.e., a plant manager or superintendent, or a person of equal responsibil ity).All notifications must include this certification to be complete.EPA Form
19 TO REGISTER YOUR TRANSFORMERS THAT CONTAIN PCB’S GREATER THAN 500 PPM GO TO EPA WEB SITE AND REQUEST FORM
20 Spill Plan for PCBs Phones numbers to NRC & EPA Phone number to an authorized disposal contractorKeep a PCB disposal container on siteLaboratories in the area that test for PCBsNational Response CenterEPAif over 10 lbs.
21 PCB’sCheck you state regulations to see if PCB’s fall under RCRA as well as TSCA.REMEMBER DON’T ASSUME, IT WILL GET YOU IN TROUBLE EVERY TIME.
22 The EPA has defined three categories of hazardous waste generators: 1. Conditionally exempt2. Small quantity generators3. Large quantity generators
23 Conditionally exempt small quantity generators generate less than 220 pounds of hazardous waste per month
24 Reminder: MOST OF OUR FACILITIES ARE CONDITIONALLY EXEMPT SMALL QUANTITY GENERATORS AND SHOULD LOOK CLOSELY AT THE REGULATIONS THAT PERTAIN TO THAT STATUS
25 Small quantity generators generate between 220 pounds and 2,200 pounds of hazardous waste per month.
26 Large quantity generators generate more than 2,200 pounds of hazardous waste per month.
27 Requirements for Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators Identify all hazardous material that you generateYou may not store more than 2,200 pounds of hazardous waste on site at any given time.Ensure that delivery of hazardous waste is:
28 To an off-site treatment or disposal facility that is state or federally regulated for treatment, storageor disposalTo a facility permitted, licensed or registered by astate to manage municipal or industrial solid wasteTo a facility that uses, reuses, or legitimatelyrecycles the wasteTo a universal waste handler or destination facilitysubject to the requirements of 40 CFR Part 273
29 REVIEW Identify your hazardous waste Including proper storage and labelingComply with storage quantity limitsEnsure proper treatment and disposal of your waste
30 Requirements for Small Quantity Generators If you generate between 220 and 2,200 pounds of hazardous waste per month, you are a Small Quantity Generator.To be compliant with requirements, you must:
31 Obtain and use an EPA Identification Number. Obtain a copy of EPA Form , Notification ofHazardous Waste ActivityFill in the form completely. Be sure to sign the certification atItem “14”. Note that state forms may contain additionalsheetsSend completed forms to your state hazardous wastecontact listed in the information booklet (You willreceive this along with the form.)
37 MANAGING HAZARDOUS WASTE ON SITE Small Quantity Generators can accumulate no more than 13,228 pounds of hazardous waste on site without a permit. You can accumulate this amount of waste for up to 180 days (270 days if you must transport it more than 200 miles for disposal, treatment or recovery.
38 Small Quantity Generators must accumulate wastes in tanks or containers, like 55 gallon drums. All containers must:Be labeled “HAZARDOUS WASTE” and include the date that waste was initially generatedBe made of a material that is compatible with the hazardous waste being stored. This prevents corrosion or reactivityAt satellite accumulation sites, you may accumulate no more than 55 gallons of hazardous wastes. Once you reach this limit, you have 3 days to transfer it to you main storage area.Be kept closed during storage, except when adding or removing wasteBe kept in good condition. Inspect storage areas regularly to look for leaks and deterioration
40 And probably the most important rule to follow with Hazardous Waste storage is: DO NOT MIX WASTE MATERIALS. IT CAN CREATE AN UNSAFE WORK ENVIRONMENT AND LEAD TO MORE COMPLEX AND EXPENSIVE CLEAN-UPS.
41 The Better Way…Waste Minimization Do not mix wastes to create new wastesChange materials, processes or bothRecycle and reuse manufacturing materialsSafely store hazardous products (prevent spills/leaks)Make a real effort to minimize waste generation
42 Shipping Waste Off-Site Small Quantity Generators may send their waste only to a regulated Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF). Check with your state authorities to be sure your facility has all necessary permits.
43 Package, label and mark your shipment Prepare a hazardous waste manifest to accompany your shipmentMaintain copies of all manifests for lifeInclude a notice and certification with the first waste shipmentEnsure the proper management of any hazardous waste shipments you make
44 When selecting a hazardous waste transporter or TSDF/Recycler… Talk to colleagues and/or competitors to see who they are usingTalk to reps at trade showsCheck with the Better Business BureauAsk your state agencies if transporters / recyclers have an EPA number
45 When you are sending out wastes, make sure that you always get a copy of the shipping manifest. You are responsible for the materials even when they leave your property. Fill out the manifest completely and accurately.
46 LARGE QUANTITY GENERATORS If you generate more than 2,200 pounds of hazardous waste monthly, you are subject to the full set of hazardous waste regulations.
47 These include, but are not limited to: Determining amounts of waste generatedApplying for an EPA Identification NumberPreparing waste for shipment and filling out manifestsAccumulating waste no more than 90 days, without a permitPreparing a biennial reportIf applicable, monitor air emissions