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The Extended Essay Doreen Chonko Barbara Dirscherl Palm Harbor University High School Palm Harbor, Florida Its all in the PROCESS!

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Presentation on theme: "The Extended Essay Doreen Chonko Barbara Dirscherl Palm Harbor University High School Palm Harbor, Florida Its all in the PROCESS!"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Extended Essay Doreen Chonko Barbara Dirscherl Palm Harbor University High School Palm Harbor, Florida Its all in the PROCESS!

2 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 The Diploma Programme Page 2

3 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 The Extended Essay Requirements Chosen from approved DP list Involves higher level research Opportunity for personal research Required for all DP candidates Aligned with Learner Profile 40 hour commitment for student Externally Assessed

4 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Extended Essay Requirements 4000 word maximum 300 word abstract No editing by supervisor Supervisor submits predicted grade and supervisors report TOTAL assessment points 0-36 Point relationship between EE TOK

5 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009

6 New Regulation for May 2010 Any student obtaining an E grade on either the TOK essay or extended essay must achieve 28 points overall in order to be eligible for the award of the diploma. An addition to the existing rule that E grades in both TOK and the extended essay lead to automatic failure. Coordinators must ensure that all affected students and teachers are aware of the change. The idea is to encourage all students to take the core requirements seriously, not to produce a higher failure rate.

7 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Point Range Excellent Excellent (3) Excellent Good(3) ExcellentSatisfactory(2) ExcellentMediocre(2) ExcellentElementary(1) GoodGood(2) GoodSatisfactory (1) GoodMediocre(1) SatisfactorySatisfactory (1)

8 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 TOK and EE Sample Topics TOK Topics: Are reason and emotion equally necessary in justifying moral decisions? Does language play roles of equal importance in different areas of knowledge? Extended Essay Topics: Personal Use of Language and its Effect on Action and Thought in William Faulkners As I Lay Dying. (3583 words) How far was the decision to abandon the Soviet economic model in China during the mid-1950s due to political and ideological reasons? (3860 words)

9 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Whats Different for 2009 Strongly Recommended that supervisors spend 3-5 hours with each student supervised Works Cited / Bibliography lists only sources cited One set of general assessment criteria A-K interpreted for each subject Subject specific criteria is overlaid Concludes with the Viva Voce

10 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 What is the Viva Voce? Verbal interview. Lasts between minutes Serves as conclusion to the EE process Opportunity for reflection Serves as plagiarism and malpractice check Should end on positive note Refer to page 20 in EE Guide

11 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Why Teach to the Extended Essay?

12 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Would This Student Get the IB Diploma? English A1 (HL) 4 Spanish B (SL) 4 History (HL) 4 Math Methods (SL) 4 Chemistry (HL) 4 Economics (SL) 3 Extended Essay/TOK +1 CAS 200 hrs. Yes, meets point total requirement of 24.

13 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Would This Student Get the IB Diploma? English A1 (HL) 4 Spanish B (SL) 5 Biology (HL) 4 Mathematics (SL) 5 Chemistry (HL) 3 History (SL) 5 Extended Essay/TOK 0 CAS 175 hrs. No, needs point total requirement of 28 (has 26).

14 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Would This Student Get the IB Diploma? English A1 (HL) 5 Spanish B (SL) 5 History (HL) 4 Math Methods (SL) 5 Chemistry (HL) 2 Economics (SL) 4 Extended Essay/TOK +3 CAS 150 hrs. Yes, meets point total requirement of 28.

15 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Would This Student Get the IB Diploma? English A1 (HL) 4 French B (SL) 4 Physics (HL) 3 Mathematics (SL) 6 Psychology (HL) 4 History (SL) 5 Extended Essay/TOK +1 CAS 150 hrs. No, needs point total requirement of 28 (has 27).

16 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 What College Writing Is… Academic writing done by scholars for scholars. …being a scholar requires that you read, think, argue, and write in certain ways. Academic writing devoted to topics and questions that are of interest to the academic community. When you write an academic paper, you must…find a topic or question that is relevant and appropriate. Academic writing [presents] the reader with an informed argument. To construct an informed argument, you must first try to sort out what you know about a subject from what you think about a subject. -- quoted from The Dartmouth Writing Project

17 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 The Iceberg Model 1/8 = Writing Phase Student works independently to prepare the final EE: Revision conference drives final version of essay 100% of examiner s mark 7/8 = Pre-Writing/Draft Phase Student works with supervisor to: Explore and discuss ideas Locate resources Develop suitable research question Write draft monitor progress Read final paper, complete supervisor s report

18 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Activity #1: Examining Current Practice Describe how you currently organize the EE Process Overallhow well do your students score on the EE? What EE tasks do your students find most difficult? Name 1- 3 student tasks or organizational aspects of your program that are successful. Whats your BIGGEST recurring problem and how do you handle it?

19 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Common Problems Across Disciplines Abstracts (J) Research questions (A, C) Constructing effective arguments, analyses (D, E, F, G) Writing critical evaluations (E, F) Referencing primary / secondary sources (I) Weak conclusions lack of synthesis (H) Limited holistic judgment (K)

20 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009

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22 The EE Manual First Examinations 2009 Assessment Criteria Subject Area Requirements

23 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Core Components Introduction – Outline General information for all subjects Responsibilitiesschool, supervisor, student Each Subject Area Overview Choice of Topic Treatment of the Topic Interpretation of Assessment Rubric

24 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 EE Assessment Criteria Provides overview of what each criterion assesses Forms basis for scoring rubric Further advice on interpreting assessment criteria provided within guidelines for each subject in Details subject specific section

25 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Using the Extended Essay Assessment RubricAssessment Rubric

26 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Scoring Guidelines Scoring Guidelines For Supervisors

27 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Web Resources Dartmouth College Writing Program Elements of Style (Strunk and White) Guide to Grammar and Writing at Capital Community College

28 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Activity #2: Scoring Practice End of Day One

29 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Scores for Sample Essays Language A1 Toni MorrisonA The Things They Carried C Wizard of OzD French B Pourquoi SartreA Est-ce quon peut parlerC Lumpact de lindustrieD History Nazi Film and RadioA Peron PresidencyC State of IsraelD

30 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Scores for Sample Essays Biology Light IntensityA Age – Short Term MemoryC Washing PowderD Chemistry Copper IonsA Enthalpy – EntropyC Alternative FuelsD Psychology Cerebral DominanceA Parents DivorceB Vietnam WarC

31 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Scores for Sample Essays Physics Sound TransmissionB Light WavelengthC Resonance TheoriesD Math Pascals TriangleA Analysis of Global WarmingC Rubiks CubeD Music Beethoven – ChopinA David BowieB Effect of MusicD

32 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Want More Points? Attend to Details G: Use of Language The language used communicates clearly and precisely. Terminology appropriate to the subject is used accurately, with skill and understanding. (Achievement Level 4) Style, Usage Tips for Avoiding Colloquial Language Elements of Style (online)

33 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Want More Points? Attend to Details I: Formal Presentation This criterion assesses the extent to which the layout, organization, appearance and formal elements of the essay consistently follow a standard format. The formal elements are: title page, table of contents, page numbers, illustrative material, quotations, documentation (including references, citations and bibliography) and appendices (if used). –Issue written guidelines (required format) to students –Stress the importance of neatness and readability (helps examiners who read many, many papers)

34 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Want More Points? Attend to Details K: Holistic Judgment The purpose of this criterion is to assess the qualities that distinguish an essay from the average, such as intellectual initiative, depth of understanding and insight. While these qualities will be clearly present in the best work, less successful essays may also show some evidence of them and should be rewarded under this criterion. Supervisors comments on green sheet are critical. The essay shows considerable evidence of such qualities. (Assessment Level 4) Cannot be achieved without supervisor comments

35 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Supervisors Role and Responsibilities

36 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Recommendations for Supervisors Spend sufficient time with candidates Candidates need guidance on several aspects of the writing and research process, and this can only be achieved on an ongoing basis ….Effective supervision is a crucial part of the learning process involved in writing the extended essay. Without effective ongoing supervision the process becomes a chore for the candidate and a fruitless exercise in the end. Excerpted from the EE Biology Report – May 2004

37 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Supervisor Responsibilities Discuss choice of topic Help formulate research question Ensure research question satisfies legal and ethical standards Advise students on how to: Gather and analyze information/evidence/data. Encourage consultation with school librarian(s) Write an abstract. Document sources in standard format. Encourage consultation with school librarian(s) Participate in the viva voce.

38 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Supervisor Responsibilities Read sample essays and examiners reports. Make samples and reports available to students. Let students score sample essays. Spend 3 to 5 hours with each student (strongly recommended) Students may work with or consult external sources, but the supervisor is responsible for completing all requirements stated.

39 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Supervisor Responsibilities Know subject area assessment criteria Read and comment on the first draft only Does not edit the draft See IBO Clarification Statement, March 08 Monitor progress Read final version to confirm authenticity Submit predicted grade Complete supervisors report Report malpractice if suspected

40 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Academic Honesty Student is ultimately responsible Work or ideas of others must be fully and correctly acknowledged Supervisor confirms that the EE submitted is the authentic work of the student Both plagiarism and collusion are forms of malpractice Same piece of work, or two versions of same, cannot be submitted by student

41 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Schools Role and Responsibilities

42 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Schools Major Responsibilities Ensures that all EEs conform to regulations Knows which subject areas can be selected from approved list Can your students write about dance or film? Disseminates information/guidelines to supervisors and students Provides students with qualified faculty supervisors who teach in the school

43 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Strongly Recommended that Schools Set internal deadlines for stages, including the viva voce interview. Ensure that students have been taught the necessary research skills. Provide appropriate training for supervisors.

44 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 What Exactly is an Abstract? Activity #3: Writing/Editing Abstracts

45 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 The Extended Essay Abstract Does not exceed 300 words. Should examine development of EE argument and importance of conclusions reached. Must clearly state: Research question Scope of investigation (how conducted) Conclusions reached Introduces reader (examiner) to entire scope of the EE.

46 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Its Just One Question! How Difficult Can That Be? Activity #4: Developing Research Questions

47 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Command Terms Can Become Question Stems Account for Asks candidates to explain a particular event or outcome. Candidates are expected to present a reasoned case for the existence of something. How On its own this is a straightforward invitation to present an account of a given situation or development. Often a second part will be added to such an essay question to encourage analysis. Adding a second word such as "successfully", "effective", "accurate", or "far" turns a "how" question into one that requires a judgment. The candidate is now expected to provide his/her detailed reasons for that judgment.

48 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Command Terms Can Become Question Stems To what extent Asks candidates to evaluate the success or otherwise of one argument or concept over another. Candidates should present a conclusion supported by arguments. Why This short key word invites candidates to present reasons for the existence of something. Thus, the brevity of this command rather disguises a powerful requirement to present a detailed, reasoned argument. In effect it is similar to the invitation "account for".

49 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Group Assignment: Writing Arguments Try the following format: 1.General Subject: 2.Focus 1: 3.Focus 2 (if necessary): 4.Argument: 5.Question: End of Day Two

50 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 A Research Base for Working with EE Students Munro, J. The Influence of Student Learning Characteristics on Progress Through the Extended Essay. Journal of Research in International Education 2 (1): Examined influence of 3 learning factors on 3 EE groups in relation to old assessment rubric Students approach to learning Motivational style Cognitive style

51 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 A Research Base for Working with EE Students Deep motive: to increase ones knowledge of a topic Learning strategy: focuses on underlying meaning of topic; searches for meaning; questions ideas to achieve better understanding; links new information with what is known; takes ideas apart and examines from multiple perspectives Surface motive: to retain knowledge to meet a criterion unrelated to the idea – Learning strategy: focuses on superficial features of topic, learning and memorizing in an unquestioning way so they can be reproduced at later date Achieving motive: to achieve at a level relative to others – Learning strategy: focuses on organizing and structuring knowledge of topic in most efficient way (managing time commitments, working space, resources) with purpose of optimizing a grade or meeting other external criteria

52 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 A Research Base for Working with EE Students EE requires use of all 3 approaches Deep approach delivers higher order outcomes (analysis, synthesis, creativity, risk taking, knowledge production) Achieving approach helps student establish plan of action, monitor progress, use resources effectively Surface approach assists in short term retention of information and applying conventions Potential Problem Areas Surface strategies less efficient than deep strategies in relation to information processing Deep strategies permit rapid ID of key ideas in a source and use of prior knowledge as scaffold Students using surface strategies less likely to search for unifying principles between prior knowledge and source information.

53 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 A Research Base for Working with EE Students Study examined 3 groups in relation to learning dimensions(N= 39, n = 12, 12, 15) A Group -- students who scored on general assessment criteria B Group -- students who scored on GAS C Group -- students who scored on GAS Participants were re-grouped for subject specific criteria A = scored B = scored 9-10 C = scored 6-8

54 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 A Research Base for Working with EE Students Results: Students with A – B scores on GAS had similar deep and achieving motives for learning and used them at similar levels Students with C scores more likely to use deep strategies, less likely to use achieving strategies (time management, organization, structure) Students with A – B scores more likely to use analytic strategies Students with C scores more likely to switch topics when encountering difficulty

55 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 A Research Base for Working with EE Students At the subject specific level (SAS): Approach to learning did not influence Students in group 3 less motivated to learn topics by analyzing and deconstructing. Motivated to absorb information and memorize; pursued topics deemed intrinsically interesting Overall Highest scoring students showed balanced use of deep and achieving strategies Lowest scoring showed higher use of deep strategies

56 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 Training Considerations for Supervisors How are supervisors trained now? Do you need to train additional supervisors outside IB faculty? Who should be involved in supervisor training? School Librarians EE Coordinator Subject area Specialists What should a professional development course include? How can EE data be used to shape practice?

57 © International Baccalaureate Organization 2009 A supervisors best advice to an IB student: Nobodys denying you the right to vent the despair in your twisted and tortured IB soul…just dont do it when youre writing the extended essay!


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