Presentation on theme: "Extended essay in psychology"— Presentation transcript:
1 Extended essay in psychology New program starting 2009
2 An independent piece of research of approximatively 40 hours of work Find a relevant topic + relevant resourcesFormulate precise research question and demonstrate knowledge of its relevanceConstruct a reasoned argument to adress itSupport the argument with relevant knowledge. Use appropriate methods and terminologyAcknowledge sources in a standard academic wayDemonstrate analytical and evaluative skills
3 IB requires that the supervisor Provides advice and guidance in how to undertake researchHelps to fomulate a focused research questionEnsures that the research question does not violate any ethical issuesGives copies of necessary papers from the guide to the studentReads and comments on the first draft (but does not edit it)Support the student in the research process and monitor progress (also to ensure that the work is the student’s own)Gives a predicted grade for the EEIf there has been 0 hours of guidance the supervisor should explain why and how s/he can ensure authenticity of the workIn cases of malpractice – write a report to the IB coordinator
4 IB recommend that the supervisor Spends around 5 hours with each studentGives advice on how to access appropriate resources (e.g. Library, Internet)Gives information on how to gather data and analyse them (i.e. Doing research)Gives information on how to write an abstractGives information on how to document sourcesConducts a short face-to-face interview with the student when the EE is finished (the viva voce)
5 The EE should includeTitle page with relevant information (e.g. Name, school,exam session and candidate number, title of essay, word countAbstractContents pageIntroductionDevelopment (body)ConclusionReferences and bibliographyAppendices (not all subjects have this)
6 The EEWord limit 4000 wordsDoes not include abstract, contents page, illustrations, charts, formulas, citations, foot-or endnotes, bibliography, appendicesEssays that exceed the word limit cannot be marked beyond the 4000 words
7 Title Indicates the focus of the essay. Must be precise but not necessarily in the form of a questionRQ: To what extent does attachment influence later relationships?Title: Attachment and later relationships
8 AbstractMax 300 wordsShould be written as the last thing (because it gives an overview of the research)Placed just after title pageIncludes the followingThe research question under investigationThe scope of the investigation (i.e. How was the research question investigated)The conclusion of the extended essay
9 Contents page Placed right after abstract Shows content of the extended essayPages must be numbered so that the different part of the extended essay can be found via the contents page
10 Citations, references, bibliography References: must follow a standard academic format. (e.g. Petersen (2004), p. 345)Reference list (Bibliography) at the end of the extended essay of all the cited sources. A convention to present it in alphabetical order in psychology.
11 Planning research - the pentagon of basic questions2 WHAT do you ask?The research questionWhat do you ask WITH?Tools: Theory, concepts, methodsWHY do you ask?Purpose and relevance of the investigationWhat do you ask ABOUT?Empirical knowledge/ data/ text/ phenomenonHOW do you ask?The approach to the investigation2Lotte Rienecker: Formidlingscentrets Overheads, KU, rev 1. januar 2004
12 Criterion A:The research question (max 2 marks) The research question is clearly stated in the introduction and sharply focused making effective treatment possible within the word limit.Ψ RQ must be relevant to psychology
13 Criterion B:Introduction (max 2 marks) – somewhat new The context of the research question is clearly demonstrated. The introduction clearly explains the significance of the topic and why it is worthy of investigationΨ Often relate to previous research in psychology and issues related to this such as strengths and weaknesses of explanations.
14 Criterion C: The investigation (max 4 marks) -New If RQ not appropriate for systematic investigation max 2!An imaginative range of appropriate sources has been consulted, or data has been gathered, and relevant material has been carefully selected. The investigation has been well planned.Ψ Use of academic ressources primarily which includes evaluation but information from the media or students’ own data can be used to some extent as illustration but not extensively and not as valid evidence.
15 Criterion D:Knowledge and understanding of the topic studied (max 4 marks) - new If RQ not appropriate for systematic investigation max 2!The essay demonstrates a very good knowledge and understanding of the topic studied. Where appropriate, the essay clearly and precisely locates the investigation in an academic contextΨ Evidence and findings from empirical studies and related theories and elements of critical evaluation (BIG 4)
16 Criterion E:Reasoned argument (max 4 marks)- new If RQ not appropriate for systematic investigation max 2!Ideas are presented clearly and in a logical and coherent manner. The essay succeeds in developing a reasoned and convincing argument in relation to the research questionΨ The argument often presents different views. The students should explain and analyse these and try to persuade the reader of the validity of own view by presenting valid support following a logical structure.
17 Developing an argument5 TV violence can have harmful psychological effects on children CLAIM because their constant exposure to violent images makes them unable to distinguish fantasy from reality REASON. Smith (1997) found that children who watched more than 3 hours of TV a day were 25% more likely to say what they saw on TV was “really happening” EVIDENCE. It is possible, of course, that children who watch more violent entertainment already have violent values ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF ALTERNATIVE but Jones (1989) found that children with no predisposition to violence were just as attracted to violent entertainment as those with a history of violence RESPONSE.5Booth,Colomb,Williams: The Craft of Research, 2nd Ed., The University Press of Chicago, 2003, p.118f
18 Criterion F:Application of analytical and evaluative skills appropriate to the subject (Max 4 marks) – somewhat newThe essay shows effective and sophisticated application of appropriate analytical and evaluative skillsΨ Focus is on analysis and evaluation of the psychological theories and empirical studies as used in the argument. Reflexivity (thinking about own experiences and views that may have influenced choice of methods and interpretation in the EE) can also be included.
19 Criterion G: Use of language appropriate to the subject (max 4 marks)- new The language used communicates clearly and precisely. Terminology appropriate to the subject is used accurately, with skill and understandingΨ use psychological terminology such as psychological concepts.
20 Criterion H:Conclusion (max 2 marks) – somewhat new An effective conclusion is clearly stated; it is relevant to the research question and consistent with the evidence presented in the essay. It should include unresolved questions where appropriate to the subject concerned.Ψ Should be clearly related to the RQ and follow logically from the psychological evidence presented in the argument.
21 Criterion I:Formal presentation (Max 4 marks) The formal elements are: the title page, table of contents, page numbers, illustrative material, quotations, documentation (including references, citations and bibliography) and appendices (if used). If the essay exceeds 4000 words a 0 is awarded in I.Max marks 4: The formal presentation is excellent (all of the above included)Ψ if there is no bibligraphy: 0 marksΨ if one element from the formal elements is missing: 2 marksΨ if two elements from the formal elements are missing: mark
22 Criterion J: Abstract (max 2 marks) The requirements for the abstract is toclearly state the research question,how the investigation was undertaken andthe conclusion(s) of the essay.Max marks 2: The abstract clearly states all the elements listed above.Ψ clarity of the presentation of the required content. If the abstract is not clearly stating all of these but they are present: 1 mark
23 Criterion K: Holistic judgment (max marks 4) Purpose of this criterion is to assess the qualities that distinguish an essay from the average, e.g. Intellectual initiative, depth of understanding, insigt.Max marks 4: The essay shows considerable evidence of such qualitiesΨ Even essays that are not among the best could show some evidence of the qualities and should then be rewarded, e.g. Choice of good RQ, locating good ressources, good evaluation, a reflexive approach.
24 Activity- From topic to research question In groups – list 5 topics for EE that could come from your studentsDiscuss how these topics could best be transformed into focused research questionsDiscuss how you as supervisors could provide the best support to your students
25 Viva voce - activityCheck on plagiarism and malpractice; opportunity to reflect on the research process; help to supervisor’s reportRelevant questions?