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Comparative Religion: Hinduism. Hindusim  World’s third largest religion  Behind Christianity and Islam  Possibly world’s oldest organized religion.

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Presentation on theme: "Comparative Religion: Hinduism. Hindusim  World’s third largest religion  Behind Christianity and Islam  Possibly world’s oldest organized religion."— Presentation transcript:

1 Comparative Religion: Hinduism

2 Hindusim  World’s third largest religion  Behind Christianity and Islam  Possibly world’s oldest organized religion  Roughly 3000 years old  Began in the Indus River valley (India)

3 Beliefs  Hindus recognize one god, Brahma, as the origin and creator of all things  There are many gods in Hinduism, but they are all Brahma  Three major gods  Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva

4 Beliefs  Brahma is not worshipped, because his job as creator is done  Hindus are classified according to which Brahman (god) they worship  Worshippers of Vishnu  Worshippers of Shiva  Worshippers of the Mother Goddess (Mahadevi)

5 Vishnu  Considered by his worshippers to be the greatest of gods  Preserves and protects the universe  Has appeared on earth many times to protect it from disaster  Avatar: Incarnation of gods on earth  Among these avatars is Siddartha (The Buddha)

6 Shiva  Is considered everything by his worshippers  Creator, sustainer, and destroyer  Without destruction, there can be no creation  Source of both good and evil in the world

7 The Mother Goddess CConsort (Spouse) of the male deities EEncompasses thousands of goddesses SSymbol of fertility and female energy CCounteracts Shiva’s masculinity

8 The Cycle of Life  Souls pass through a series of lives  Each incarnation depends on how you lived your previous life  Karma

9 Karma  People build up good and bad karma in life  Karma affects their future lives  Death is the last cycle of each life  Must be treated with respect  The goal is to overcome desire and ignorance  The cycle will end

10 The Vedas  Vedas: Hindu scriptures  Define the rites and beliefs of the religion

11 The Caste System  There are four major castes  You are born into your social group, and cannot escape it  India has sought to outlaw the caste, but it still exists in many parts of the country


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