2 Seeds of Belief Hinduism is the main religion in India Hinduism is different from other religions because it has no founder - it probably started with the religious beliefs of the Aryans who lived in the Indus River ValleyThere are 4 Vedas; the oldest is the Rig Veda. It is a collection of more than 1,000 hymns that priests recite at ceremonies and during rituals. The hymns are dedicated to the Aryan gods.Why do you think historians believe Aryans influenced Hinduism? ___________________________________
3 Seeds of BeliefThe themes of the Rig Veda include spiritual beliefs in the power of nature.Faithful Hindus memorize and recite verses from the Vedas every dayHindus show respect for their gods by keeping shrines in their homes and offering prayers to their gods (polytheism)
4 Gods and GoddessesHinduism is a religion of many gods and many beliefsBrahman- the source and final destination of everythingThree principal gods of Brahman are:Brahma- the creatorVishnu- the preserver. Maintains dharma-the order of the universeShiva- the destroyerOther Hindu gods and goddesses are aspects of Brahman- Krishna is a form of Vishnu, Ganga Mai (Ganges River goddess) gives water the power to clean and purify
5 Seven Truths and Reincarnation Seven essential doctrines (truths) are important Hindu beliefs:Peaceful livingFreedom of thoughtRespect for nature and animalsBecoming one with BrahmanBelief that good and bad actions will affect usReincarnation- the process through which a person goes from one life to the next. Hindus believe that after a person dies. He/she is born into the next life.
6 Seven Truths and Reincarnation Hindus believe that if they live good lives according to the truthful principles, their karma is goodKarma= lifetime actions of a personWith good karma, a Hindu’s rebirth on Earth is goodThe goal of a good life for a Hindu is to become one with Brahman
7 Way of LifeIn India, every Hindu is traditionally a member of a caste (lifelong social group into which he/she is born)Castes were strictly ranked according to birth. Determined which job each caste member was qualified for.Marriages were permitted only for members of the same casteThe ranked order of the castes was an important part of dharmaMembers of the highest castes are vegetarians. This is part of the way of life based on respect for other living things.
9 STUDY FOR YOUR QUIZ!! What is the main religion of India? How is the Hindu religion different from other religions?What is the oldest Veda?What are Hinduism’s roots?What are the three main forms of Brahman?What are the main points of Hindu beliefs?Describe: Reincarnation.What is a goal of a good life for Hindus?Can a person’s caste be changed?Why are people in the highest castes vegetarians?