Presentation on theme: "International Baccalaureate"— Presentation transcript:
1International Baccalaureate Presented by Amanda PhelpsInstructional LeadershipJune 13, 2007
2What is International Baccalaureate? International Baccalaureate is a not for profit educational foundation founded in Switzerland in 1968.IB is designed to offer programmes of international education to a worldwide community of schools.
3Where is IB? There are more than 540,000 IB students in the world. They are educated at 2,061 IB World schools.IB World schools are located in 125 countries.
4What is the Mission of IB? The International Baccalaureate aims to develop inquiring, knowledgeable and caring young people who help to create a better and more peaceful world through intercultural understanding and respect.MissionThe International Baccalaureate (IB) is more than its three educational programmes.There are three main points to its mission.It is motivated by a mission to create a better world through education.
5What is the Mission of IB? To this end the organization works with schools, governments and international organizations to develop challenging programmes of international education and rigorous assessment.IB achieve its goals by working with partners and by actively involving our stakeholders, particularly teachers.
6What is the Mission of IB? These programmes encourage students across the world to become active, compassionate and lifelong learners who understand that other people, with their differences, can also be right.It promotes intercultural understanding and respect, not as an alternative to a sense of cultural and national identity, but as an essential part of life in the 21st century.All of this is captured in the IB mission statement.
7What does IB offer?Three programmes of international education to students ages 3 to 19.Primary Years Programme or PYPMiddle Years Programme or MYPDiploma ProgrammeThree programmes at a glanceWhat are the three programmes?The International Baccalaureate (IB) offers three programmes of international education for students aged 3 to 19.ﾊThe IB is a recognized leader in the field of international education.It is a non-profit, mission-driven foundation that offers three challenging programmes for pupils aged 3 to 19.･The Primary Years Programme (PYP) for pupils aged 3 to 12 focuses on the development of the whole child in the classroom and in the world outside. ･The Middle Years Programme (MYP) for students aged 11 to 16 provides a framework of academic challenge and life skills through embracing and transcending traditional school subjects. ･The Diploma Programme for students aged 16 to 19 is a demanding two-year curriculum that meets the needs of highly motivated students, and leads to a qualification that is recognized by leading universities around the world.
8Primary Years Programme Curriculum frameworkAt the heart of the programme’s philosophy is a commitment to structured, purposeful inquiry as the leading vehicle for learning.Six transdisciplinary themesTeachers are guided by these six transdisciplinary themes as they design units of inquiry that both transcend and articulate conventional subject boundaries.
9Themes in the PYPSix transdisciplinary themes of global significance provide the framework for exploration and study:who we arewhere we are in place and timehow we express ourselveshow the world workshow we organize ourselvessharing the planet
10The PYP CurriculumThe programme can be illustrated by a hexagon with the six transdisciplinary themes surrounding six subject areas:languagesocial studiesmathematicsartsscience and technologypersonal, social and physical education.The themes and subject areas outlined above form the knowledge element of the programme.The curriculum is expressed in three interrelated ways:the written curriculum: what do we want to learn?the taught curriculum: how best will we learn?the learned curriculum: how will we know what we have learned?
11Essential Elements of the PYP Five essential elements appear at the centre of the hexagon.ConceptsKnowledgeSkillsAttitudesActionFive essential elementsThe five essential elements listed above are incorporated into this framework, so that students are given the opportunity to:･gain knowledge that is relevant and of global significance･develop an understanding of concepts, which allows them to make connections throughout their learning･acquire transdisciplinary and disciplinary skills･develop attitudes that will lead to international-mindedness･take action as a consequence of their learning
12The MYP CurriculumThe curriculum is illustrated by an octagon with eight academic areas or subject groups surrounding the five areas of interaction.The personal project appears at the centre.The emphasis is on the fluidity of the curricular framework and the interrelatedness of the subjects.Aspects of the areas of interaction are addressed naturally through the distinct disciplines.In particular, the framework is flexible enough to allow a school to include other subjects not determined by the IB but which may be required by state or national authorities.The overall philosophy of the programme is expressed through three fundamental concepts that support and strengthen all areas of the curriculum.These concepts are based on:intercultural awarenessholistic learningcommunication.
13Assessment in the MYP Continuous Assessment Final Assessment Validation of GradesContinuous assessmentTeachers organize continuous assessment over the course of the programme according to specified assessment criteria that correspond to the objectives of each subject group. Regular school assessment and reporting play a major role:･in the students’ and parents’ understanding of the objectives and assessment criteria･in the students’ preparation for final assessment･in the development of the curriculum according to the principles of the programme.Teachers are responsible for structuring varied and valid assessment tasks (including tests and examinations) that will allow students to demonstrate achievement according to the objectives for each subject group.These include:･open-ended, problem-solving activities･investigations･organized debates･hands-on experimentation･analysis and reflection.In keeping with the ethos of approaches to learning, schools also make use of quantitative and qualitative assessment strategies and tools that provide opportunities for peer- and self-assessment.The recording and reporting of individual levels of achievement are organized in ways that provide students with detailed feedback on their progress as it relates to the assessment criteria for each subject group.Final AssessmentFinal assessment takes place at the end of the programme in order to determine the levels individual students have achieved in relation to the stated objectives for each subject group and for the personal project.Teachers administer appropriate sets of assessment tasks and rigorously apply the prescribed assessment criteria defined for each subject group.The type of assessment tools available to teachers include all forms of:･oral work･written work･practical work.Teachers select appropriate tasks and assessment tools according to:･the resources available within the school･the subjects to which they are being applied･the particular objectives that are being measured.Grades from 1 (lowest) to 7 (highest) are awarded to final-year students, for each subject and for the personal project, according to predefined grade boundaries based on the levels students have achieved.There are no formal examinations set or marked by the IB.Instead the IB validates the grades of final-year students in schools that request this service, and issues certificates to those students who reach a required standard.Validation of gradesSchools that choose to have the grades of their final-year students validated by the IB are required to submit samples of student work for external moderation.In this way, standardization of assessment according to world standards for the programme is ensured.Grades are awarded by the school as a result of rigorously applying the prescribed subject group criteria and corresponding achievement levels to the work of students.Samples of this work are reviewed by external moderators, appointed and trained by the IB, who apply the same criteria and achievement levels.The results of this process are:･the application of a moderation factor where needed (ie where subject teachers have been too generous or too harsh)･detailed advice for the school in relation to understanding subject-specific objectives and applying the assessment criteria.Once the moderation process has been completed, each student receives:･an official IB record of achievement displaying the grades achieved for each subject and for the personal project･an official IB certificate (providing certain stated requirements have been met).
14Diploma Programme Curriculum Programme modelThe curriculum is modeled by a hexagon with six academic areas surrounding the three core requirements.Over the course of the two-year programme students:･study six subjects chosen from the six subject groups･complete an extended essay･follow a theory of knowledge course (TOK)･participate in creativity, action, service (CAS).Normally:･three of the six subjects are studied at higher level (courses representing 240 teaching hours)･the remaining three subjects are studied at standard level (courses representing 150 teaching hours).
15Assessment in the Diploma Programme Internal AssessmentExternal AssessmentMethodsA variety of different methods are used to measure student achievement against the objectives for each course.External assessmentExaminations form the basis of the assessment for most courses because of their high levels of objectivity and reliability.They include:･essays･structured problems･short-response questions･data-response questions･text-response questions･case-study questions･multiple-choice questions (limited use of these).There are also a small number of other externally assessed pieces of work, for example, theory of knowledge essays, extended essays and world literature assignments.These are completed by students over an extended period under teacher supervision instead of examination conditions, and are then marked by external examiners.ﾊInternal assessmentTeacher assessment is also used for most courses.This includes:･oral work in languages･fieldwork in geography･laboratory work in the sciences･investigations in mathematics･artistic performances.Assessments are checked by external examiners and normally contribute between 20 and 30 per cent of the total mark.Some of the arts courses, for example, music, theatre arts and visual arts, have assessment of a major practical component, which can account for as much as 50 per cent of the total mark.ﾊ
16IB Learner Profiles IB learners strive to be: Inquirers Knowledgeable ThinkersCommunicatorsPrincipledOpen-mindedCaringRisk-takersBalancedReflectiveThe IB learner profile is the IB mission statement translated into a set of learning outcomes for the 21st century.The learner profile provides a long-term vision of education.It is a set of ideals that can inspire, motivate and focus the work of schools and teachers, uniting them in a common purpose.