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Beowulf Introducing the Epic Literary Focus: The Epic Hero The Poetry of Beowulf: Caesuras, Alliteration, and Kennings Feature Menu.

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Presentation on theme: "Beowulf Introducing the Epic Literary Focus: The Epic Hero The Poetry of Beowulf: Caesuras, Alliteration, and Kennings Feature Menu."— Presentation transcript:

1 Beowulf Introducing the Epic Literary Focus: The Epic Hero The Poetry of Beowulf: Caesuras, Alliteration, and Kennings Feature Menu

2 Beowulf

3 the first great work of English national literature. the epic story of the hero Beowulf, who fights the demonic monster Grendel. Beowulf is Beowulf Introducing the Epic

4 Beowulf: nephew of Higlac, king of the Geats. Hrothgar: king of the Danes. Wiglaf: a Geat warrior, one of Beowulf s select band and the only one to help him in his final fight with the dragon. People

5 Beowulf Introducing the Epic Grendel: man-eating monster who lives at the bottom of a foul mere, or mountain lake. Monsters Grendel s mother: water- witch who seeks revenge. Dragon: giant fire-breathing serpent whom Beowulf fights in Part Two of the epic.

6 Beowulf takes place in Scandinavia. Places Scholars think Herot might have been built on the coast of Zealand, in Denmark. Scandinavia Britain Beowulf Introducing the Epic

7 Places Herot: the golden guest hall built by King Hrothgar where warriors gathered to celebrate. [End of Section] Beowulf Introducing the Epic

8 The epic hero is the central figure in a long narrative that reflects the values and heroic ideals of a particular society. An epic is a quest story on a grand scale. Beowulf Literary Focus: The Epic Hero

9 Beowulf is one of ancient England s heroes. King Arthur Joan of Arc Other times and other cultures have had other heroes.

10 In modern America, the hero may be a real person or a fictional character. Beowulf Literary Focus: The Epic Hero [End of Section]

11 Beowulf was composed in Old English, which uses a caesura, or rhythmic pause, to create unity. ða com of more under misthleoþum Grendel gongan, godes yrre bær; mynte se manscaða manna cynnes sumne besyrwan in sele þam hean. Line divided into two parts by a caesura. Locate the caesura in these lines: Beowulf The Poetry of Beowulf

12 Here are the same lines in modern English from Burton Raffel s translation: Out from the marsh, from the foot of misty Hills and bogs, bearing God s hatred, Grendel came, hoping to kill Anyone he could trap on this trip to high Herot. Punctuation reproduces pause effect of the caesura. Beowulf The Poetry of Beowulf

13 The Anglo-Saxon oral poet also used the poetic device of alliteration.alliteration. Grendel gongan, godes yrre bær; mynte se manscaða manna cynnes Beowulf The Poetry of Beowulf

14 Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds in words close together. The emphasis on the w sound in this line from Shakespeare s Sonnet 30 creates a melancholy tone. And with old woes new wail my dear time s waste. Beowulf The Poetry of Beowulf

15 Find examples of alliteration in Burton Raffel s translation of lines 1-5: Out from the marsh, from the foot of misty Hills and bogs, bearing God s hatred, Grendel came, hoping to kill Anyone he could trap on this trip to high Herot. Beowulf The Poetry of Beowulf

16 Find examples of alliteration in Burton Raffel s translation of lines 1-5: Out from the marsh, from the foot of misty Hills and bogs, bearing God s hatred, Grendel came, hoping to kill Anyone he could trap on this trip to high Herot. Beowulf The Poetry of Beowulf

17 The kenning is another poetic device that was used by the oral poet.kenning Examples of kennings from Beowulf: gold-shining hall= Herot guardian of crime = Grendel strong-hearted wakeful sleeper = Beowulf cave-guard and sky-borne foe = dragon Beowulf The Poetry of Beowulf

18 Kenning: a metaphorical phrase or compound word used to name a person, place, thing, or event indirectly. A kenning enhances the literal meaning of the words. A kenning gives the listener an idea of how the words connect to an idea or concept that is richer and more emotionally complex. Beowulf The Poetry of Beowulf

19 Create modern-day kennings for things you see around you. giver of words word-wand ?? ? ? [End of Section] Beowulf The Poetry of Beowulf

20 Beowulf is an oral epic passed from bard to bard. Harpist-bards told the familiar story for audiences in the communal halls at night. Reconstructed Anglo-Saxon village in West Stow, England, with communal hall on the left. Written down between 700 and 750. Beowulf Background

21 Who wrote it down? scenery described resembles Northumbria (northeastern England) Theory: The poet who wrote Beowulf down may have been a Northumbrian monk. Evidence: Christian elements in epic [End of Section] Beowulf Background

22 Quickwrite

23 Make the Connection Write about a contemporary hero, real or fictional, and the challenges he or she faces. Describe your hero, and then briefly analyze him or her using these questions: What sort of evil or oppression does your hero confront? Why does he or she confront evil? What s the motivation? For whom does your hero confront evil? What virtues does your hero represent? [End of Section] Beowulf Quickwrite

24 Vocabulary

25 Previewing the Vocabulary resolute adj.: determined. vehemently adv.: violently infallible adj.: unable to fail or be wrong furled v.: rolled up. lavish adj.: extravagant assail v.: attack extolled v.: praised Beowulf Vocabulary

26 Which Word…… is often used in reference to a flag?________ describes someone who is stubborn?________ describes how someone might argue about a subject he or she feels strongly about?___________ is a synonym for praised? __________ describes someone who cannot fail?_________ describes someone who gives generous gifts?________ is another way of saying attack? ________ Previewing the Vocabulary: Activity resolute furledextolled assail vehemently lavishinfallible furled resolute vehemently extolled infallible lavish assail [End of Section] Beowulf Vocabulary


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