Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Introducing the Epic Literary Focus: Archetype— The Epic Hero Reading Focus: Paraphrasing Writing Focus: Think as a Reader/Writer TechFocus Feature Menu.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Introducing the Epic Literary Focus: Archetype— The Epic Hero Reading Focus: Paraphrasing Writing Focus: Think as a Reader/Writer TechFocus Feature Menu."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Introducing the Epic Literary Focus: Archetype— The Epic Hero Reading Focus: Paraphrasing Writing Focus: Think as a Reader/Writer TechFocus Feature Menu Beowulf

3 What moves a hero to act?

4 Click on the title to start the video. Beowulf Introducing the Epic Beowulf

5 Beowulf Introducing the Epic

6 one of the most important epics of Western literature a long narrative with monsters, gory battles, and a brave hero— Beowulf Beowulf is Beowulf Introducing the Epic

7 Beowulf: nephew of Higlac, king of the Geats. Hrothgar: king of the Danes. Wiglaf: a Geat warrior, one of Beowulf’s select band and the only one to help him in his final fight with the dragon. People Beowulf Introducing the Epic

8 In Anglo-Saxon, e is usually a separate vowel. Beowulf (BAY oh wolf) Geats(YAY ahts) Hr is pronounced at the beginning of words. Hrothgar (HROTH gahr) Beowulf Introducing the Epic Pronunciation

9 Grendel: man-eating monster who lives at the bottom of a foul mere, or mountain lake. Monsters Grendel’s mother: water- witch who seeks revenge. Dragon: giant fire-breathing serpent that Beowulf fights in Part Two of the epic. Beowulf Introducing the Epic

10 Places Herot: King Hrothgar's guest hall, where warriors gathered to celebrate. Beowulf Introducing the Epic

11 The first syllable of Anglo-Saxon words is accented. Herot (HAY-oh-rot) Beowulf Introducing the Epic Pronunciation

12 Beowulf takes place in Scandinavia. Places Scholars think Herot might have been built on the coast of Zealand, in Denmark. Scandinavia Britain Beowulf Introducing the Epic

13 Time Beowulf describes the world of the early sixth century. However, the epic was not written down until some time between 600 and The story of Beowulf is first told. The epic is written down in 3,200 lines. 750 Beowulf Introducing the Epic

14 Sources [End of Section] Beowulf is based on early Celtic and Scandinavian folk legends. Christian elements and geographic details suggest the epic was written down by a Northumbrian monk. Beowulf Introducing the Epic

15 An archetype is a very old imaginative pattern that appears in literature across cultures and time. Beowulf Literary Focus: Archetype—The Epic Hero ArchetypeRomeo & Juliet character plot image setting young lovers star-crossed love Juliet is the sun order from chaos

16 Another archetype is the epic hero—the main character of a myth or long narrative poem. An epic hero reflects the values and heroic ideals of a particular society. As archetypes, epic heroes also embody universal ideals. An epic is a quest story on a grand scale. Beowulf Literary Focus: Archetype—The Epic Hero

17 Beowulf is one of ancient England’s heroes. His culture valued his bravery and strength. His name may mean bear. He was a Geat from Sweden who crossed the sea to save the Danes from Grendel. Beowulf Literary Focus: Archetype—The Epic Hero

18 King Arthur Joan of Arc Other times and cultures have had other heroes. samurai Beowulf Literary Focus: Archetype—The Epic Hero

19 In modern America, the hero may be a real person or a fictional character. [End of Section] Beowulf Literary Focus: Archetype—The Epic Hero

20 Beowulf was composed in Old English. The versions you will read were translated by Burton Raffel and Seamus Heaney. Their translations reflect these features of Anglo-Saxon poetry: caesura alliteration kenning Beowulf Translations of Beowulf

21 Anglo-Saxon poets used a caesura, or rhythmic pause, to create unity. ða com of more under misthleoþum Grendel gongan, godes yrre bær; mynte se manscaða manna cynnes sumne besyrwan in sele þam hean. Line divided into two parts by a caesura. Locate the caesura in these lines: Beowulf Translations of Beowulf

22 Here are the same lines in modern English: Out from the marsh, from the foot of misty Hills and bogs, bearing God’s hatred, Grendel came, hoping to kill Anyone he could trap on this trip to high Herot. In English, punctuation reproduces the pause of the caesura. Beowulf Translations of Beowulf

23 The Anglo-Saxon oral poet also used the poetic device of alliteration.alliteration. Grendel gongan, godes yrre bær; mynte se manscaða manna cynnes Beowulf Translations of Beowulf

24 Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds in words close together. The emphasis on the w sound in this line from Shakespeare’s Sonnet 30 creates a melancholy tone. And with old woes new wail my dear time’s waste. Beowulf Translations of Beowulf

25 Find examples of alliteration in this translation of lines of Beowulf: Out from the marsh, from the foot of misty Hills and bogs, bearing God’s hatred, Grendel came, hoping to kill Anyone he could trap on this trip to high Herot. Beowulf Translations of Beowulf

26 Out from the marsh, from the foot of misty Hills and bogs, bearing God’s hatred, Grendel came, hoping to kill Anyone he could trap on this trip to high Herot. Beowulf Translations of Beowulf Find examples of alliteration in this translation of lines of Beowulf:

27 The kenning is another poetic device that was used by the oral poet.kenning Examples of kennings from Beowulf: gold-shining hall = Herot guardian of crime = Grendel strong-hearted wakeful sleeper = Beowulf cave-guard and sky-borne foe = dragon Beowulf Translations of Beowulf

28 Kenning: a metaphorical phrase or compound word used to name a person, place, thing, or event indirectly. A kenning enhances the literal meaning of the words. A kenning gives the listener an idea of how the words connect to an idea or concept that is richer and more emotionally complex. Beowulf Translations of Beowulf

29 Create modern-day kennings for things you see around you. giver of words word-wand ?? ? ? [End of Section] Beowulf Translations of Beowulf

30 Identifying nouns, verbs, and phrases will help you discover the most important ideas in a passage. Paraphrasing is the process of selecting the most important ideas and putting them in your own words. First, identify and list nouns, verbs, and phrases. Then, ask: How are these nouns, verbs, and phrases related? Beowulf Reading Focus: Paraphrasing

31 Related Nouns, Verbs, Phrases: Definition of paraphrasing Paraphrasingprocess selecting... putting... Related Nouns, Verbs, Phrases: Steps in the process list ask Paraphrasing is the process of selecting the most important ideas and putting them in your own words. First, identify and list nouns, verbs, and phrases. Then, ask: How are these nouns, verbs, and phrases related? is identify Beowulf Reading Focus: Paraphrasing

32 Into Action: As you read, use a chart like the one below to list nouns, verbs, and phrases that describe the epic hero Beowulf and his actions.nounsverbsphrases Beowulf Reading Focus: Paraphrasing Nouns/Pronouns my duty Phrases to the Danes I Verbs was to go drove / chased giants [End of Section]

33 Example Herot, shield, courage Beowulf fought Grendel. Nouns Definition name a person, place, thing, or idea can be the subject or object of a verb Beowulf Reading Focus: Paraphrasing

34 Examples Verbs Definition express an action or state of being can be the predicate of a sentence Grendel fled. Beowulf was unafraid. The story of their battle was handed down. Beowulf Reading Focus: Paraphrasing

35 Examples Phrases Definition surprising the enemy in the hall to slay his foes shivering from fear a group of words that work as one unit in a sentence Beowulf Reading Focus: Paraphrasing

36 Find It in Your Reading Although much of the epic Beowulf progresses in narrative, the main characters deliver speeches to each other, establishing their credentials, their heritage, and their intentions. In a notebook, make notes about what characterizes these speeches. [End of Section] Beowulf Writing Focus: Think as a Reader/Writer

37 [End of Section] TechFocus As you read Beowulf, think about similar characters that you have met in modern TV shows, movies, and video games. Beowulf TechFocus

38 Vocabulary

39 reparation n.: payment to make up for a wrong or injury. reprisal n.: punishment in return for an injury. loathsome adj.: very hateful; disgusting. vehemently adv.: violently. infallible adj.: unable to fail or be wrong. extolled v.: praised. Beowulf Vocabulary

40 Related words include repair reconciliation restoration The word reparation comes from a Latin word that means “restore.” Judges sometimes require criminals to make reparation to reduce the harm to their victims. Beowulf Vocabulary

41 a. countries that started the war After a war has ended, which countries would be expected to pay reparations? b. countries that were invaded during the war Beowulf Vocabulary c. countries that were uninvolved in the war

42 After a war has ended, which countries would be expected to pay reparations? Beowulf Vocabulary a. countries that started the war b. countries that were invaded during the war c. countries that were uninvolved in the war

43 A synonym is retaliation. The word reprisal comes from an Old French word that means “take back.” One country might warn other nations that any attack will bring reprisal. Beowulf Vocabulary

44 “If you throw that snowball,” I warned, “you can expect reprisal.” What do you think will happen if someone throws the first snowball? Beowulf Vocabulary

45 Synonyms include disgusting revolting hideous vile horrible The word loathsome comes from an Old English word that means “to hate” or “be disgusted with.” The monster created by Frankenstein could not make friends because people found the monster loathsome. Beowulf Vocabulary

46 Some people call bugs “creepy-crawlies.” Do these children find this insect loathsome? How can you tell? Beowulf Vocabulary

47 Someone who speaks vehemently talks with passion and conviction. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a great orator who spoke vehemently in support of civil rights. Antonyms include apathetically dully unenthusiastically Beowulf Vocabulary

48 In which picture are people arguing vehemently? Beowulf Vocabulary

49 In + fallible = unable to err Someone who is fallible can make mistakes or be deceived. Someone who is infallible is just the opposite. “You think I’m wrong? No way; I’m infallible!” Beowulf Vocabulary

50 “Most articles in a wiki can be edited by any user,” warned the teacher. Does the teacher think that articles in the online encyclopedia Wikipedia are infallible? Beowulf Vocabulary

51 The word extolled, which means “praised,” comes from a Latin word that means “to lift.” Songs that extolled heroes like Beowulf became part of the oral tradition. Other words for praise are acclaimexalt celebrateglorify cheerhonor Beowulf Vocabulary

52 After the rescue, the child’s parents said that the firefighter deserved a medal. What else might they have said when they extolled the firefighter? Beowulf Vocabulary [End of Section]

53 The End

54 QuickWrite

55 Think about a hero you know or have read about. In a notebook, write down a list of situations in which a person can rise above his or her place in life to become a hero. [End of Section] Beowulf QuickWrite

56 Background

57 The epic poem Beowulf takes place in the Anglo-Saxon period following the fall of the Roman Empire. Reconstructed Anglo-Saxon village in West Stow, England, with communal hall on the left. Background Beowulf

58 The story concerns a brave and strong hero who hears tales of a fearsome beast that has laid waste to a kingdom of Danes. The ancestry of each character is emphasized throughout the epic. [End of Section] Beowulf rips off the monster Grendel’s arm. Beowulf Background

59 Read with a Purpose

60 Read to discover the qualities that the Anglo- Saxons considered heroic. [End of Section] Read with a Purpose Beowulf


Download ppt "Introducing the Epic Literary Focus: Archetype— The Epic Hero Reading Focus: Paraphrasing Writing Focus: Think as a Reader/Writer TechFocus Feature Menu."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google