4Le Louvre - HistoryOriginally built as a castle by King Phillippe Augustus in 1200 outside the city wall of Paris.
5Le Louvre - L’enceinteRecent excavations discovered the original walls of Phillippe Augustus’ castle.They are very thick.This is part of the wall, rediscovered when the under-ground gallery was dug out.
6Le Louvre - HistoryKing François 1 rebuilt the Louvre from a castle to a palace in the 16th centuryIt became the residence of the French monarchs.
7Le Louvre – as a galleryThe concept of the Louvre being a public gallery came about during the French Revolution. It was not actually public for many more years. Unsuccessfully proposed to Louis XV, the idea was reintroduced under Louis XVI.Unfortunately the project had to be abandoned because of the crown’s financial difficulties. During the18th centry the Count d’Angiviller helped plan the museum and collected artwork. When the Louvre finally opened in 1793 only the Great Gallery was on display.
8Le Louvre - Louis & Napoleon King Louis wanted to live in Versaille, so he left the Louvre as a museum for Greek art.Napoleon restored the Louvre after the Revolution.It is housed a museum at this time.The Arc de Triomphe du Carousel built in 1806 celebrates Napoleon’s victories.
9Le Louvre - PyramidLe Louvre remains the largest museum in the world with the most visitors of any other museum.It was excavated underground and new galleries were added.
10Le Louvre - EntranceThe entrance to the Museum is through the largest pyramid designed by architect I.M. Pei.