Presentation on theme: "Caged Across – I IV and V The 3 principle chords in a major key"— Presentation transcript:
1Caged Across – I IV and V The 3 principle chords in a major key Main chordsBy: Frank Markovich
2Preliminary Instructions Before doing this the student should be solid with the E and A forms of the major chords in the CAGED system.The other 3 forms should at least be able to be fingered.This takes some time. I don’t expect you to get this all in one or even a few weeks.Once the Major chords are learned then we will move onto the minor and the dominant 7th. Everything else is just built off of those chords. You will find the minor and 7h go very fast by comparison to the major chords.
3More than just chordsThese chord forms are also the basis for scales, arpeggios and licks.While you will start with the chords realize that it goes well beyond this.I first heard about CAGED from the great jazz guitarist Joe Pass.I learned this the hard way by trial and error and then come to understand this method that is much easier than how I learned it.While there are 5 basic forms, everything else is built from that.
4Working across rather than up the neck Will start in the key of G major.The 3 principle chords in any key are the I, IV and V Chords.Scale in the key of G major is: G, A, B, C, D, E, F#, and G.The Chord build off of I is G major, chord build off the IV (4th note of the scale) is C Major and the chord build off of the V (D note) is a D7 or for this we will just use a D.In each of these examples the to move from one chord to the next you don’t have to move more than 1 fret up or down the neck.While the examples are in the key of G major, it is important to eventually try them in every key!!!
5A bit about chord theory Chords are usually built off of the major diatonic scale. For example in the key of G major the notes are and chords are as below – Large M = Major, small m = minor:G A B C D E F#GM Am Bm CM DM Em F#mb5I II III IV V VI VIITop line is note, middle is chord, bottom is scale degree!
6Notes in the chords – starting with just triads G major (I chord) = G, B, DC major (IV chord) = C, E, GD major (V chord) = D, F#, ATriads are 3 note chords – there are no 7ths and were the first real chords used in music. 7th’s were added a bit later. To understand the theory and how chords developed in music it is best to start with triads.Notice that with these 3 chords all of the notes in G major are represented: G, A, B, C, D, E, F#, G.Also note that the IV chord contains a G same as the I chord and the V chord contains a D also in the I chord. There are no common tones in the IV and V chord (there will be when the 7th is added to the V chord ‘C’ will be common).
7First place to start.This is 3 of the 5 forms! Most of you can do the E and A forms without difficulty!G (E Form – I Chord)C (A Form – IV chord)D (C form – V chord)123243 4X XD F# A D F#R R 3G D G B D GC G C ER R RSee how this is the E form to the A form to the C form. You hand does not move more than 1 fret to make any of the changes!! Very key to this. Also the F# on the 1st string 2nd fret on the D chord will lead right up to the G on the G chord when you play a V chord to a I chord.Try this to the following: 4/4||: G | C | G | C : ||
8Let’s talk a bit about voice leading This is most important in the melody of a song or from one chord to the other in the highest voice.For example, in the previous chords the D chord has an F# as the highest note. That is the 3rd of the D major chord (or even the D7 chord). The 3rd of a V chord wants to resolve to the 1st of the I chord so the F# in D wants to resolve to the G in the G chord.Also in this progression the B in the G chord (3rd of the I chord) moves very smoothly to the C in the C chord (1st of the IV chord), (notes on the 3rd string). And then when the C chord or IV chord goes back to the I chord this is just reversed.Notice in this that in all cases from one chord to the next the notes (other than the bass notes) move very smoothly.This will always sound good in any music. This is referred to as good voice leading.It pays off to know the names of the notes in the chord and the relationship to the chord.
9Talk a bit about soloing This is for the more advanced students. Others can try it but it does take some time to master this.Solo to a I IV V progression can be as simple as just playing the notes in the scale. In this case a G major scale.It can be more interesting and more melodic if you use the guide tones – for example for G to C use the melody notes in the scale of B to C and then going from the chords C to G use C to B.When going from D to G use the F# to a G to make a very strong melodic statement.Anyway, the key is to develop a melody.Another approach is to play Major Pentatonic scales to each chord. So for a G major play the G major pentatonic, C major play the C major pentatonic, and for D major play the D major pentatonic. If you do that find common tones between the scales to hang on and tie it all together.
104/4||: G | C | G | C : || First place to start. G (E Form – I Chord) C (A Form – IV chord)D (C form – V chord)Note 1123243 4X XC G C ER R 3D F# A D F#R R 3G D G B D GR R RNote #1. Notice how the F# in the D chord resolves to the G in the G chord. The chord degrees are written below to help you with this. Along with the letter names of the notes in the chords.Note #2. Notice the B in the G chord moving to the C in the C chord!4/4||: G | C | G | C : ||
11Try other combinations 4/4 ||: C | D | C | D : ||4/4 ||:G | C | G | C : ||4/4 ||: G | D | G | D : ||This gives you each of the combinations. You should try this in every single one of the examples going forward.
12Above is with the notes and tablature Above is with the notes and tablature. With this see how some of the notes move.You will be making some melodies when you do this. Next step is to add some rhythmic interest but you must first master this step.Another topic is endings. In G an authentic ending would be a D to a G (or D7 to G) which is a V to a I.A plagal ending is like the ‘amen’ in church and is a IV to a I or in the key of G and C to a G. For 50’s type tunes it is common to do a IV to a IVm to a I.
13Move this to other keysDo the same pattern and you will have the I IV and V chord up the neck.For example, at the 4th fret it is Ab Major, 5th fret is A major, 6th fret is Bb major, 7th fret is B major etc. Think of the I – IV and V at each fret. Write out the names of the chords in each key so that you really learn them!
14Now apply to songs Apply to as many songs as you can. The more songs that you apply this to the more relaxed that you will become at this until it is just 2nd nature to you. Songs will be chosen out of the book and handouts.Try in other keys also. Do the blues in the key of A – such as Jump, Jive, and Wail etc.Also try songs such as Wonderful Tonight – Play the Em at the 7th fret in the Am form or in 1st position for now.Try in other keys such as C major. Then move the songs to other keys. After just a little time you should be able to play this in many keys.
154/4 ||: D | D/F# | G | : || D Major D Major Both F# 1 2 1 2 3 3 X 0 0 The 1st and the 6th string are the same notes just 2 octaves apart. So to do the moveable D form the best way is to start by moving the note on the first string D (which happens to be F#) to the 6th string. Some of you know this chord as a D/F# (D major with an F# in the bass). The F# is the 3rd of the chord. When the 3rd is in the bass it is called a first inversion. Root inversion is with the root in the bass which is what many of you stick to in your playing. A good movement though could be root position to first inversion. In going from a D to a G this would sound great: Try it!!4/4 ||: D | D/F# | G | : ||
16Note you can more the F# on the 1st string 2nd fret to See how this form works below. I personally like this form quite a bit and like to go from the E form to this when going to a IV chord (G to C for example). This will be used for the next example!D Form (E Major)D MajorOne thing that I really like about this particular voicing is how open it sounds.The longer I play the more I appreciate open sounding chords. The large interval between the bass note and the rest of the chord really sets this off. This voicing is used quite a bit in Freddy Green Style playing (Think of Count Basie!)1213234X X0 0A D A D F#G# E B ENote you can more the F# on the 1st string 2nd fret toThe 6th string 2nd fret (both strings are the same letterName – it works out better for most cases. As you can see with this form you don’t have to barre. Now you can learn it as a barre based entirely off of the first position D and I would recommend that you try that once this is mastered.
17Now to do the same progression but in 5th position Now to do the same progression but in 5th position. Lots of things to notice here.To start notice that the C form is now the V chord.G (D form) 5th fret!I ChordC (G Form) 5th fretIV ChordD(A form) 5th fretV Chord5thFret15thfret.15thfret2334X XX XX XD A D F#B G D GE G C E4/4||: G | C | G | C : ||Apply to the same progression.
18Again look at the F# in the D chord moving to the G in the G chord. Of the examples this is likely the most difficult of the bunch. Knowing that for you should help you move ahead. Once this is down you will have worked with all 5 forms!!!
19Move this to other keys just like before Do the same pattern and you will have the I IV and V chord up the neck.For example, at the 4th fret it is Ab Major, 5th fret is A major, 6th fret is Bb major, 7th fret is B major etc. Think of the I – IV and V at each fret. Write out the names of the chords in each key so that you really learn them!
20Now to do the same progression but in 7th position Now to do the same progression but in 7th position. Lots of things to notice here.To start notice that the C form is now the V chord.G (C form – 1 chord)7th fretC (E form – IV chord)8th fret.D (G Form) 7th fretIV Chord7thfret7thfret28thfret32343 4G B D G BR R 3X XC G G E G CR R RF# A D F#4/4||: G | C | G | C : ||Apply to the same progression.Note how you have already done these forms earlier. So it is just learning where to play them and how they relate to each other. We did the G above in the C form as a D (2nd position) and the C as a G 3rd position and the D in the G form as a C.
21Many times in this position the advanced players may do a G/D bass as shown below! G (C form – 1 chord)7th fretC (E form – IV chord)8th fret.D (G Form) 7th fretIV Chord7thfret7thfret28thfret32343 4R 3R R RX X4/4||: G | C | G | C : ||
22Here are the 2 ways shown in the previous slides Here are the 2 ways shown in the previous slides. In this one some playersdo not play the first string on the G chord so that the F# can move on theD chord up to the G in the G chord. Do notice how he B in the G chord movesup to the C in the C chord and then back down to a B in the G chord.
23At this point the chords go high up on the neck I will continue in G but realize that on a classical or even a steel string acoustic that this is difficult to impossible. But you can apply it to other keys.Next page gives it in G major first and then in C major. You should be able to play the one’s in C.
24G MajorG(A form) 10th fretI ChordC (D form) 10th fret!IV ChordD (E form –V chord)10th fret.10thFret1110thfret10thfret23243 4X XX XR R RC Major1X XC(A form) 3rd fretI Chord3rdfret234F (D form) 3rd fret!IV ChordX X3hFret3 4R R RG (E form –V chord)3rd fret.
25Here it is in notes and tab in the 10th position Here it is in notes and tab in the 10th position. Note that the F# in the D chord is in an inner voice but resolves on that string to a G. Also the B in the G chord moves to the C in the C chord and back again for the G chord. Below is the same thing in the key of C – easier to play.
26Last set!!Again same as previous one – G is tough at the 12th fret but could also be done in 1st position.As an exercise write the names of the notes from the previous 2 slide. Also going forward. At this point you can figure them out yourself.
27In G3G (G Form) 12th fret1 ChordX X12thfret.24R R 3C (C form – IV chord)12th fretfret1D (D form) 12th fret!V ChordX XFretIn CC (G Form) 5th fret1 ChordF (C form – IV chord)5th fretG (D form) 5th fret!V Chord12thfret12thFret12thfret.12332344R R 3X XX X
28Again on this many players would not hit play the 1st string on the C chord. It makes a better voice leading from G to C.Try to think of all of these as the I IV and V and not just the G, C and D chords as you play through this. It isn’t easy but once you have mastered these you are well over the main things that you will need to master the CAGED system as far as chords go. And the major chords lead directly into the scales.
29Now you have done all 5 moves Not that you will never mix them up but this is the easiest way to play the I IV and V chords.Learn each one and try to the progression.Try songs that have the I IV V only.Learn in every key.You will see that the forms also follow the CAGED format.We started with G in the E form, then the next set was G in the D form, the next G in the C form, next G in the A form and lastly G in the G form.It also follows the same for the IV and the V chords.
30Now going up the neck in one key. Now we have 3 forms of the D chord moving up the neck.The C form of D to the A form of D to the G form of D.The G form always follows the A form. Look closely at that relationship! Along with the fact that the A form always follows the C form you are 3/5ths of the way there.A Moveable Chord (D Major Chord)G Form (D Major Chord)Note thecommon tone!C Moveable Chord (D Major)7th fret.1323X X4X X
31From the G form to the E form. The E form of the D major chord.G Form (D Major Chord)10th fret27th fret.3 42(4)Really notice how the change in order of notes means a difference in the texture of the chord! Again listen. You can also practice singing the chord from bottom note to top or top to bottom.X X
32See how this form works below See how this form works below. I personally like this form quite a bit and like to go from the E form to this when going to a IV chord (G to C for example).D Form (E Major)D Major1213234X X0 0Note you can more the F# on the 1st string 2nd fret toThe 6th string 2nd fret (both strings are the same letterName – it works out better for most cases. As you can see with this form you don’t have to barre. Now you can learn it as a barre based entirely off of the first position D and I would recommend that you try that once this is mastered.
33A Moveable Chord (D Major Chord) G Form (D Major Chord)C Moveable Chord (D Major)7th fret.23413(4)X XX XD Form (D Major)The E form of the D major chord.12th fret, could have also done in 1st position.110th fret23243 4Arrows are pointing to where the roots are and move to.X X
34The G formThis form is usually played without playing the 1st and 6th strings. Below is an example of the concept with the 1st and 6th strings in the 3rd diagram muted.Some bands such as the Doobie Brothers used this form as a basis for cool chord riffs.At this point notice that the root moves around by which voicing you are playing.Note that 1 = root. From here on 1 will refer to root rather than writing R.I think of the root of this as being on the 3rd string or image the note that would be played on the 6th string.G Form (A Major Chord)G MajorG Form (A Major Chord)2342334A C# E A C# AX XC# E A C#
35EA11117th fret7t Fret233XXChords for Listen To The Music. Note that on the E you will hammer on the 9th fret with the 3rd finger and on the A hammer the and and 3rd finger on. This is very cool and a good example of using these 2 forms.4/4 ||: E | A : ||Will do the whole song at a later date.
36A Moveable Chord (Bb Major Chord) G Form (Bb Major Chord)13X XX XSo do Bb then move up to B – Next slide and continue.
37Goal for this termLearn all the forms and how to find them up the neck in each position.Make sure you can do the chords across like in this paper.Start to visualize the guitar in the key of G major.