Presentation on theme: "Guitar Styles Of Eric Clapton"— Presentation transcript:
1Guitar Styles Of Eric Clapton Class IICovered tonightFinish Sunshine of Your LoveReviewStart of SoloSome alternativesPentatonic ScalesBoom Boom – from early Yardbirds.
2Start with the chords. Next page has the main hook!
3Sunshine of Your Love From last week. Have added in a variation. Listened closely and still feel not a 7th chord, but that being said I did find one reference that suggested that it was. It was an instructional video – listened closely and still feel it is just a major chord. But the 7th chord would work.Take your time on this – you can work on it over time.
4CD starts with just melody as shown below – later another method can be used.
5Here adding the power chords on the 6th could also do 5th string.
63rd way is to do full D and C chords for 1st part.
12Solo We will just do the first part. Here EC plays Blue Moon as a start.I have included the whole solo but we don’t have time to do the whole thing as that would take about 3 to 4 full nights.You might want to pick parts of it out though.
13Solo – Starts with the song Blue Moon in the first 3 measures Solo – Starts with the song Blue Moon in the first 3 measures. While not as common in Rock as in Jazz this is a technique used by many to start a solo or quote. Listener immediately relates to this. I play it in a lower position and wrote it out in that position as Clapton most likely plays the very first part in 12th position but for many in class this is beyond where their guitar can comfortably be played.
14&Slide or bend to the 2nd note. Claptonbends to the note.Play with distortion
27The solo can be Clapton’s or Yours I included the Clapton solo but you may want to do your own solo.If you do your own solo (suggested), then start with the first part of Clapton’s.He quotes Blue Moon in the opening statement.This is very common to quote another song in the solo. Jazz particularly does that.Lastly, use the book to put the form together.
28CocaineLook at the start of this!Just like Sunshine of Your Love!!!
29Main Idea is similar to Sunshine of Your Love Note the anticipation of the D chord.
30These are the scales that EC mainly used in the early years. Pentatonic Scales5 basic forms for these.By: F. MarkovichThese are the scales that EC mainly used in the early years.
31What is a Pentatonic Scale? Penta means five. A pentatonic scale is a 5 note scale as it’s simplest definition.Unlike 7 tone scales which are called diatonic scales (step – wise). Major scales are diatonic scales. Also the modes are diatonic scales.The black keys on a piano are a pentatonic scale. It is hard to play a bad note using the black keys only on a piano.Pentatonic scales used properly will produce a consonant line but if over used can be boring. You must go beyond just the scale. Remember to use chord tones also.
32UsesPentatonic scales are used in all forms of music. Even complex music such as jazz will use pentatonic scales.Blues uses mainly the minor pentatonic but depending upon the player and tune major pentatonic scales are also used.Major pentatonic scales are used extensively in country music.Just listen to the sound and identify the scale in songs that you like.There are really 5 pentatonic scale forms. This makes it easy to use.They are even used in classical music by composers such as Ravel and Debussy
33Major Pentatonic Scales The formula is the 1,2,3,5 and 6 of the major scale. Notice no 4th or 7th degree from the major scale.For those who have learned the CAGED system these are all based off of the CAGED major scale forms.There is some suggested fingering but it can vary.
34Here is the D Major Pentatonic based upon the C Major Form of CAGED. Note in Green is the root.
35See relationship between D major scale and D major Pentatonic.
36Here is the C Major Pentatonic scale in the A form.
37You could also use 1 and 3 as fingering on the 1st 2 strings.
38This is the G Major Pentatonic scale (E form of the CAGED) This is the G Major Pentatonic scale (E form of the CAGED). Notice how similar to the A form (C Major pentatonic on the last page.
39Most players use a modified fingering for the Major pentatonic scale as shown below buta fingering of 2 and 4 on the 2nd string and 2 on the1st string is also common.
43Notice the G and C forms of the pentatonic scale are very similar Notice the G and C forms of the pentatonic scale are very similar. Key is the tuning of the guitar with the 2nd to 3rd strings being a 3rd rather than a 4th appart.
45One note on this. I find it easier to do the fingering shown on the E Major Pentatonic and it is different than on the E Major Scale. It affords the player to just move one finger out of the position.
46Go through these until perfect Practice these every day.Next we will see the relationships to the minor pentatonic scales.The 6th degree of a major scale is the relative minor. For example: C major has the relative minor of A minor. C D E F G A
47Minor Pentatonic Scales The formula for these is: 1 b3, 4, 5, b7.Key is to see these as related to the major pentatonic scale.With the addition on one note they become Blues Scales.
48Here is the first of the minor pentatonic scales Here is the first of the minor pentatonic scales. What does it look like in relation tothe major pentatonic scales?
49Here you can see the D major and the B minor pentatonic scales. Notice that the form is the same only the starting note is different.
50Here is the A Minor pentatonic related to the C major (A form) Another fingering is shown on the next slide. Either fingering is fine to do.
51Here is the A Minor pentatonic related to the C major (A form)
52F# Minor pentatonic related to the A Major (G Form).
53E minor pentatonic related to the G major E minor pentatonic related to the G major. Here you can see how the relative minor is the 6th note of the major scale (don’t forget the pentatonic is missing the 4th and 7th notes of a major scale.Again on this you could play 1 and 3 on the 2nd string and 1 on the 1st string.
54C# minor pentatonic related to the E major pentatonic (D form of CAGED).
55Blues Scales From Minor Pentatonic Scales All that is added is the b5 of the scale.When playing solos this note most often resolves to the 5th or downward to the 4th. While it can do a skip that is less likely.
56B blues is like the B minor with just the added b5 of the scale.
57See the added notes. Note the alternate fingering for the A Minor Pentatonic Scale.
61Lots hereThis is just the forms, next you will need to work with them.On the minor pentatonic scales the flat 3rd is many times bent up to the major 3rd in Blues licks unless the song is in minor. Learn where the flat 3rd is in each scale.It will take some time to master these. Work on them every day.
62Some examplesAny time there is a major chord you can use the major pentatonic scale of the same letter name.Any time there is a minor chord you can use the minor pentatonic scale of the same letter name.Any 7th or dominant chord you can use the major pentatonic scale. Most of the time you can also use the minor pentatonic scale.In Jazz you can be more adventuresome.
64Try these for yourselfPlay a chord and record it then apply the pentatonic to it.Some take a bit of time to get used to it.Then try progressions and see if you can find a pentatonic scale that would go against the progression.
65Boom BoomClapton did this but the original by John Lee Hooker. Clapton did this with the Yardbirds
67This is what we are aiming for. Whole Thing – 12 bar blues – Notes in E blues Scale
68This song is based off of the E blues Scale 32E Minor Pentatonic ScaleThis is the basic scale but you will notice that in the introduction or first part that you play up to the 4th fret of the 3rd string (which is the same note as the 2nd string open that is in the scale.Clapton uses both of these scales. He has recorded this song as a cover of the John Lee Hooker version. I will include 2 versions of this in the following pages. There are also variations to these.
69Rest on beat one.Slide up from 2nd to 4th fret tostart beat 2. Use your middle finger!!!Then back to 3rd string 4th fret slide down to 3rd string 2nd fret
70First 2 measures. Note 2nd measure is just an E and A chord after the E note. Choke the last E chord!
71This is very cool. Note that I usually slide up to the Bb in the 1st measure. This is the 3rd note in the measure. Again back to E A E at end.
72Here it has moved to A. Measure 6 is A D A Here it has moved to A. Measure 6 is A D A. Note that the D is a bit different than you might be used to. Index on 2nd fret 3rd string middle 3rd fret 2nd string and 4th fret 4th string with ring finger. See next slide.
77This is the end. Really cool timing on the last phrase with the ¼ notes on beat 3 and 4. Then the E A E.Next slide is putting it all together. I just really like this tune. I have included after this a couple of variations of this. I can honestly say I have heard quite a large number of versions and everyone seems to put their own little signature to it.
79This one uses slightly different chord voicings.
80Different hook on odd measures. Also harder chords.
81Tie in to ClaptonEric Clapton listened to and copied many of the blues players from the US.Listen closely to this and you will hear lots of his styles.The blues scales and minor pentatonic and signatures of Clapton.Once you get the swing to this song is sort of plays itself.
82Slow Ballad in Clapton Style Wonderful TonightSlow Ballad in Clapton Style
83Chords Only 5 chords in the song. We will start in first position. Introduction for most versions is:4/4 ||: G | D | C | D : || repeatedLive version #2 is:First a vamp of 4/4 ||: C |D : || thenNext we will add in the hook. This is the introduction 2 times and ending 2 times but also between the verses and going into the last verse from the bridge.
84Introduction to Wonderful Tonight. This is in tablature format. Each line is a string. The top line is the 1st or theHigh E string. The bottom line is the 6th or Low E string.The numbers indicate which frets to play. For example, the first number isOn the 3rd string and is a 4 so you would play the 3rd string 4th fret. TheNext note is on the 2nd fret of the 3rd string then the next is the 5th fret of the4th string (since it is on the 4th line).Here is the easy version.
85You have 3 ways to do this.Suggest beginners do first one,Intermediates 2nd one andAdvanced last one.
86Now for doing it more like the CD Play the root on Beat 1 – arpeggiate the chords – see next slide.Try both in 1st position and up the neck.Following are 4 examples of doing this.Last one is like the video but others will work just fine.
88Learn both with fingers and with a pick. Also try with pick and fingers – called “Hybrid” picking.Do with each of the following ones:
89Same basic idea using barre chords. G in the E form.D and C in the A form.
90Timing is all 1/8th notes until here. This is more what you want to head for. I would do with pick or hybrid picking but fingerpicking as above works really well.
91This one is like what is on the video This one is like what is on the video. Learn with both a pick and with yourfingers. Really take your time. Use this pattern throughout the song.Notice how the first not is always the root of the chord. You could also move this up the neck with Barre Chords.On the Video though it is done in 1st position chords.
92This is the first verse or part of the song. When there are 2 chords in a measure of 4/4 time each usually gets 2 beats.Strum each chord 2 times. This happens in the 3rd line 3rd measure of the song.See the * for where.If you do an introduction you would play the first 4 chords.
95SoloingMost likely a solo would be off of the main chords 4/4 ||: G | D | C | D : ||You could use the G major scale but the main notes would have to follow the notes in each chord.
96Notes in the C major chord are C, E and G. D ChordC ChordG ChordE form -G Major ScaleE form -G Major ScaleE form -G Major Scale1111111111112222222222223333334444444444444444The notes in the D major chord are D F# and A. Don’t play the G root of the scale!The notes in a G major chord are G B and D. Bottom root is in red – others in light bluesNotes in the C major chord are C, E and G.Practice each of these seperately until you can do them smoothly.Use other notes in the scale as passing notes. Begin and end each line on a chord tone!
97Below are the 5 forms of the major scale Below are the 5 forms of the major scale. For this song you can approach in a number of ways. But do G major in all 5 forms as a start. Then find the chord tones in each against the G C and D chords.1432D form - E Major Scale124A form C Major Scale31342G form - A Major ScaleE form -G Major Scale24312413C form - D Major Scale
98To really learn thisWork out all 5 forms (CAGED forms) and where all of the notes are in each of the scales.Work on bending up to notes in the chord and even pre-bends and releases.Take your time on this!