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Museum Entrance Founding Fathers The British Heroes and Heroines People of the American Revolution Curator’s Offices Key Founding Fathers Traitors.

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Presentation on theme: "Museum Entrance Founding Fathers The British Heroes and Heroines People of the American Revolution Curator’s Offices Key Founding Fathers Traitors."— Presentation transcript:

1 Museum Entrance Founding Fathers The British Heroes and Heroines People of the American Revolution Curator’s Offices Key Founding Fathers Traitors

2 Curator’s Office Students in Mrs. Bolinger’s ELA classes have spent several weeks immersed in reading, researching and writing about progression of events during the American Revolution. Students were captivated with the information they gathered from independent reading and integrated studies in their language arts classes. As a finale to their studies they researched and wrote short biographies of famous revolutionary war characters. The students, then, created a virtual museum in their honor. We hope that you and your students will enjoy reading and become as interested in the American Revolution as we did. Resources Mrs. Bolinger’s Classes Hildebran Elementary School 5th grade teacher, Debra Bolinger and instructional technology specialist, Ashlyn DeWitt. Template from Christy Keeler, PhD.Christy Keeler, PhD Return to Entry

3 Room 1 Artifact 1 Founding Fathers – Room 1 Founding Fathers Room 2 Main Lobby Samuel AdamsPaul ReverePatrick Henry

4 Room 1 Founding Fathers – room 2 Founding Fathers 1 Marquis de Lafayette Main Lobby Thomas Paine Baron von Stueben John Hancock

5 Room 2 Heroines and Heroes -1 Abigail Adams Main Lobby Heroines & Heroes 2 Betsy Ross Mary “Molly Pitcher” Hays Margaret Corbin

6 Room 2 Heroines and Heroes -2 1 Heroines & Heroes Crispus Attucks Main Lobby Heroines & Heroes 3 Nathan Hale Nathaneal Greene Horatio Gates

7 Room 1 Heroines and Heroes - 3 William Moultrie Main Lobby 2 Heroines & Heroes Francis MarionJohn Paul Jones

8 Room 3 The British Charles Cornwallis Main Lobby King George III

9 Room 4 A Traitor Benedict Arnold Main Lobby

10 Room 5 Key Founding Fathers 1 Thomas Jefferson Main Lobby Key Founding Fathers 2 John Jay Benjamin Franklin John Adams

11 Room 5 Key Founding Fathers 2 Alexander Hamilton Main Lobby 1 Key Founding Fathers James Madison George Washington

12 On September 27, 1722 a famous rebel, patriot, and politician was born in Boston, Massachusetts. This famous rebel, patriot, and politician was Samuel Adams. Samuel Adams was on the list of distinguished alumni in his school, Boston Latin School. At only 14 years old, Samuel was enrolled in Harvard College, which is a very prestigious college. “The father of the American Revolution” was a nickname of Samuel Adams. Samuel was one of the 56 people that signed the Declaration of Independence. He was also part of a secret society called The Sons of Liberty. Samuel was also a lieutenant governor of Massachusetts. On the dreadful day of October 2, 1803, beloved rebel, patriot, and politician Samuel Adams lost his life. “Natural” or “old age” could describe this dreadful death. Samuel Adams will always be a great part of history. Return to Exhibit Samuel Adams

13 Patrick Henry was born on May 29, 1730 in Studley, Virginia. Patrick went to king`s collage in Berdeen. Patrick had very little education, but Patrick began to study law. Patrick is known for his “give me liberty or give me death” speech. He was also one of the founding fathers of the United States. Along with Samuel Adams and Thomas Paine, he was remembered as one of the most influential radical advocates of the American Revolution and republicanism. Patrick then died on June at the age of 63 he was suffering from stomach cancer so he took a dose of mercury to kill himself. Return to Exhibit Patrick Henry

14 Paul Revere was born on January 1, 1735, in Boston, Massachusetts. He changed his name from De Revoire to Revere. He had learned to be a silversmith from his father. His father died when he was only nineteen. He rode his horse near Boston to warn people the British were coming. He was also in a special club called, The Sons of Liberty. They were people who thought the British laws were unfair and unkind. He successfully warned the people of Lexington that the British were coming. He was also one of the best silversmiths that there ever was. He died on May 10, 1818, of old age. He was 83 years old when he died. Return to Exhibit Paul Revere

15 Marquis de Lafayette was born on September6, 1757, born in Chavaniac, France. His real name is Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier. He entered the college du Plessis, a school for boys. When he was old enough he join the Revolutionary war. They made him major general. He defeated Lord Cornwallis end ended the war. He was also in three Revolutionary wars. After the war he helped write the Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizens. After all that he became a farmer. Lafayette died on May 6, 1834 in Paris. Return to Exhibit Marquis de Lafayette

16 Thomas Paine was born on January 29, He was born at Thetford, England. His education was that he spent a short time in school and apprenticed as a corset maker. Thomas Paine’s roll of the American Revolution was important. His powerful words he wrote made many people from the American colonist to join the fight against the British. Thomas Paine had many accomplishments. He wrote the pamphlet Common Sense in He wrote a series of pamphlets entitled The Crisis during the American Revolution. And wrote Rights Of Men from Thomas Paine died of poor health on June 8, 1809 in New York City. Return to Exhibit Thomas Paine

17 Baron Von Steuben was a German boy and was born September 17, in Magdeburg. He was a much respected man and was good and smart in school. Although, he was only 16 when he decided to quit school and become an officer in the Prussian war. He also became a Prussian aristocrat, inspector general, and was a major general in the continental army. Baron Von Steuben had many accomplishments. He was a member of an infantry unit, wrote the Revolutionary War drill manual and taught the continental army the essentials of military drill and discipline. The only problem was that he died November 28, 1794 as an old bachelor. Return to Exhibit Baron Von Steuben

18 John Hancock was born in Braintree, Massachusetts in 1773 January, 23. He graduated Harvard and Minister and Mary Hauke. He graduated from Harvard in He was the first to sign the constitution. He helped the Americans in the war by giving them money for the American cause. He also was elected president of continental congress. He was a very wealthy Boston merchant. He became the first governor of Massachusetts serving nine terms.He liked to write his signature really big and bold.1763 Hancock became a business man. John Hancock died October in his office. Return to Exhibit John Hancock Picture One

19 Margaret Corbin was born on November 12, She was born near Hambersburg, Pennsylvania. She became an orphan at a young age. In the American Revolution she was a comp follower and loaded and fired cannons. She was severely wounded during the war. Her accomplishments where the first woman to be paid pension by the U.S. Also she was the first woman to be wounded on the battlefield fighting. She died in the 1800s. Died prior to her 50th birthday. She died near West Point, NY. Return to Exhibit Margaret Corbin

20 Mary “Molly Pitcher” Hays was born in New Jersey, in the year of Mary Hays didn’t go to school and never learned to read. When she went with her husband into war, she loaded and fired cannons. Also she brought pitcher after pitcher of water to any soldier who needed it. Mary “Molly Pitcher” Hays earned the rank of sergeant in the continental army after the war she bravely fought a Monmouth. Sadly Mary Hays died of old age on January 22, She was buried in Pennsylvania next to the Molly Pitcher Inn. The Molly Pitcher Inn was dedicated to her, and has many visitors today. Return to Exhibit Mary “Molly Pitcher” Hays

21 Betsy Ross or Elizabeth Griscom was born January 1, 1752.She was the 8th of 17 children. She was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Her education was provided by a public Quaker school. In school she learned the trade of sewing. George Washington asked Betsy Ross to sew the American flag.After the revolutionary war she continued to make American flags. During the revolutionary war she ran and owned a shop. She was married 3 times. She married John Ross, Joseph Ashburn, and John Claypool. Betsy had 5 daughters in her last marriage. In her second marriage she had Zillah who died at 9 months old. All of these men died in a situation of war. On January 30, 1836 she followed them and died in Philadelphia at the age of 84. Return to Exhibit Betsy Ross

22 Abigail Adams was born on November 11, She was born in Weymouth.Her parents named her Abigail Smith Adams. Abigail did not go to school but did receive good education at home. When she was old enough to go to college women couldn’t go to school. When the revolutionary war was going on her husband and was somewhere else at the time and they wrote letters back and forth. She complained about the tax and politics. She expressed her feelings to the government and they made some changes. Like she told them how slavery was evil and there should have never been slavery to start with. People loved how she could express her feelings to make changes. People rewarded her because she made changes in the world. She died on October 28,1818 of typhoid fever. When she died she was buried beside her husband in a crypt located in the United First Parish Church (also known as the church o f presidents) graveyard. Not only did people honor her but her six children honored her too. Return to Exhibit Abigail Adams

23 Horatio Gates was born in 1728, in Malden Essex County, England. He was an only child and received a fair education. He joined the military in 1745 when he was 17 years old. He was a patriot in the American Revolution. He was the commanding officer of the American force that retreated from the recaptured Fort Ticonderoga, and he was in command at the pivotal battle of Saratoga. Some of his accomplishments were, after defeating the British; he was appointed president of the board of war. During the Battle of Camden, he covered 170 miles in three days on horseback. He also was elected a New York State Legislature in He died on April 10, 1806, in New York City. Return to Exhibit Horatio Gates

24 Nathanael Greene was born on July 27th; 1742.His family lived near they early settlers in Rhode Island. He had only little education but learned how to read really good. One of the books to read was the Holy Bible.He liked to read books about wars. Because of his knowledge about wars he was able to enlist in the Revolutionary War. He was a very trusted general and was later made commander. He was ranked a major general and then a Brigadier general. Greene learned how to be a blacksmith and how to mill. Also, he helped with the first public school. Unfortunately, on June 19th, 1786 he was meeting with his friends when he got struck by some violent sun rays and died. Even though his death was fatal, he is still remembered and he played a big role in the Revolutionary War. Return to Exhibit Nathanael Greene

25 Nathan Hale was born on June 6, 1755 into a family of 12 kids. He was he the sixth child of Richard and Elizabeth Hale. The Hale’s family home was on a farm in Coventry, Connecticut. When Nathan was 14 he went to college, as most boys did at that age. He went to Yale and wanted to be a schoolteacher. Nathan learned quickly and graduated at the age of only 16 years old! Nathan was an undercover Dutch schoolmaster. Nathan had got information on the British troops movements. He had served in the militia in the early days of war. He also volunteered for surveillance activity of the British troops. Nathan became part of a fighting group called the Rangers after capturing a very large supply of loaded ships. Nathan again volunteered to accept Washington’s request to obtain information on the British position. Nathan had obtained information about the British position. As he was going to tell the Sons of Liberty he was captured. Since he was out of uniform he was hung as a spy. He was only 21 years of age when this happened. Return to Exhibit Nathan Hale

26 Crispus Attucks was born in 1723 in a Natick Indian settlement. His birth place is unknown, but his ancestors were native to Africa. The education of this beloved hero is confusing, and he could have been home schooled. Otherwise, he grew up in a native tribe and later became a slave. He soon escaped and became a hero. Standing up for your privileges is a tough choice, but this man did it! He was known as an African American hero by standing up for his own rights. On March 5th, 1770 came a perilous Boston massacre. Between 9:00-10:00 on a starry night, two men were talking about wanting their rights to be free. Then the British man shot our speech giver and the fight began. When Attucks heard about this, he came to the front of the battle. All the nine British soldiers fired up their rifles and sadness broke out. Crispus was shot by two bullets and was the first of five men to lose their lives. Later in life, he had an honorable celebration and had a statue of him waiting in Boston. Now everyone could learn about the man who exchanged his life for the freedom and the rights to have an independent life. Return to Exhibit Crispus Attucks

27 Who is John Paul Jones? Well, he was born July 6th, 1747, not far from Scotland. After he was born he was named John Paul and he added the Jones later. John went to school only until he was 12 years of age. The name of the school was Kirkbean School. He began to fight in the Revolutionary War in his late 20’s. He sided with the rebels and destroyed and captured many enemy ships. John also fought and won a battle with the British ship Serapis in one of the most famous sea battles in history. Other than fighting in the Revolutionary War, he had other accomplishments, such as his first job at age 12 in which he was to work on ships that carried goods for trade. By 1766 at age 21 he had sailed as far as North America and Jamaica. After all his adventures he retired to live in Paris, France. Not long after he died on July 18th, Return to Exhibit John Paul Jones

28 Francis Marion was a great war militia leader. He was born at Berkley County, South Carolina, He went to regular school, but not college. Francis’ rank was one of the highest, Brigadier General. His nickname was the “Swamp Fox” because he was never caught and he hid in the swamps. Francis Marion died on February 26, Return to Exhibit Francis Marion

29 William Moultrie was born on November 23, 1730 in England (exact month and date of birth not known). He was moved to South Carolina at a young age. His education is not known. He was a Patriot and a Major General in the Revolutionary War.Some of his accomplishments were being awarded the rank of Brigadier-General in the Continental Army. He also became the Lieutenant Governor of South Carolina. His first term as governor occurred post-Declaration of Independence but prior to adoption of the U.S. Constitution and South Carolina's statehood. He was elected governor once again by the state legislature. He then served briefly as a South Carolina state senator. He was a member of the Provincial Congress of South Carolina from 1775 to 1783, a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1783.He died in September 27, Return to Exhibit William Moultrie

30 King George III or George Frederick was born on May 24, 1738 in London, England. He became king after his grandfather died in When George was young, he didn’t go to school. He was tutored by bishops. When he was older he imposed the Stamp Act. King George suffered from insanity. He died on January, 29, 1820 but he was king from( ). Return to Exhibit King George III

31 Charles Cornwallis was born in Suffolk, England on December 31, He went to college at Eton and Clare College in Cambridge. He also went to military academy in Turin, Italy. He accomplished a lot in the time he lived in. In the war, he was a major general and lieutenant. Cornwallis participated in the siege of Charleston, South Carolina. He voted against the Declaratory Act which led into the war. Charles was a Loyalist. He did not accomplish this. Charles Cornwallis surrendered to the patriots on October 19 of On October 5, 1805 he died in Ghazipur, India because he had a fever. Return to Exhibit Charles Cornwallis

32 Benedict Arnold was born on January 14, 1741in Norwich, Connecticut. His mother was Hannah Waterman King a wealthy widow before her marriage to the elder Arnold. He went to school at Canterbury but because of money he was withdrawn from school. After he was withdrawn he became an apprentice to his cousin’s apothecary business. Benedict was a brilliant, victorious leader during the American Revolution. Also he played a pivotal role at the battle of Saratoga in New York and helped capture Fort Ticonderoga. Even though he was given command over West Point he later was considered a traitor because he proposed handing West Point to the British. When he was 60 years old,he died in relative obscurity on June 14,1801. His grave is located at St. Mary ‘s Church in London, England. Return to Exhibit Benedict Arnold

33 On October 30, 1735 in Braintree, Massachusetts John Adams was born. John began in a common school in Braintree. He went to Harvard College, and graduated at the age of 20, in He served in the Continental Congress and during the Revolutionary War he worked with Holland and France negotiating treaties. Keeping America out of war with France and normalize relations between the two countries was John’s major accomplishment. John also became a lawyer. He served in the Massachusetts legislature from John Adams was the first vice president of the United States from He also helped with the draft of the Declaration of Independence. On July 4, 1826 in Massachusetts, John Adams died at the age of 90. He died exactly 50 years after the Declaration of Independence. After John Adams died, his son, John Quincy Adams was president of the United States. Return to Exhibit John Adams

34 Ben Franklin was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 17, Ben Franklin went to a Boston Latin school when he was 8. While he was in school he had a view of a theological career. Ben franklins roll in the American Revolution is that he signed the three documents that established the United States. One of the documents was the constitution.The other one was the peace treaty of the United States. The last one was the Declaration of Independence. Ben Franklin was a inventor and a scientist. He invented the Franklin stove, the Medical Catheter, the lightning rod and the swim fins. He also made improvements of the glass harmonica Ben Franklin died in April 17, 1790 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Return to Exhibit Ben Franklin Picture Two

35 John Jay was born on December 12th, 1745 in New York, New York. He was the 8th child out of 10 children. Two of his siblings were blinded by small pox and another two were suffering from a mental handicap disease. He went to King’s College to become a lawyer/judge. After going to college for that he became a lawyer clerk for Benjamin Kissam, he also graduated in He wrote letters to news papers to encourage people to approve the constitution of the United States of America. George Washington voted for him to be the 1st chief of justice, and oddly enough he won and became the fist chief of justice. He was also a diplomat for Spain in Later on he helped negotiate the treaty of Paris to great Brittan. John Jay died May 17th, in Bedford, New York. He was stricken by palsy probably becaused by a stroke. (Palsy: is a conditio0n that happens at birth, characterized by misalignment of the eyes dues to some weakness or paralysis of the super oblique muscle. It is still not clear in most cases why this happens at birth). He was lying in bed for three days dying. He wanted o be buried in rye because that is where he lived when he was a little boy Return to Exhibit John Jay

36 Thomas Jefferson was born on April, 13, 1743 in Shadwell Virginia he got his education [and studied] at boarding school and graduated at the college of William and Mary. He also wrote the first draft of the declaration of independence to help and stop the American Revolution. He had many accomplishments in his life. He ran against Aaron burr for president. The score ended in a tie. Later the government chose Thomas Jefferson to be the next president of the United States because of his accomplishments. After that Thomas Jefferson became the third president of the United States. He was also elected as a legislator in Virginia in When the United States wrote the declaration of independence they chose Jefferson to become the main author. Thomas Jefferson died the same day as john Adams in July, 4, Jefferson’s grave say’s the following; here was buried Thomas Jefferson author of the declaration of independence and father of the University of Virginia. Return to Exhibit Thomas Jefferson

37 George Washington was born February 22, 1732 in Westmoreland County, Virginia. He was home schooled by his mother. He learned reading, writing and arithmetic. He was good at math. Washington was a general and the Commander in Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution. He lead the patriots to victory over the British. Washington helped write the Constitution. He also signed the Constitution. He was a member of the Virginia Legislature. He was the first president of the United States of America. Washington is known as the Father of the United States of America. Washington loved farming and disliked war. He lived on his farm at Mount Vernon, Virginia. He became very sick during one winter. When he died on December 14 th, 1799, he was placed in a tomb at Mt. Vernon. Return to Exhibit George Washington

38 James Madison was born in Port Conway, Virginia, on March 16, His parents were James Madison and Eleanor Rose Conway. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in He is known as the Father of the Constitution. James also led the war of In the year 1812 he became a U.S. Senator. In the year 1808 he became the fourth president of the United States. Madison died on June 28, 1836 at Montpelier. Madison was the last Founding Father to die! Return to Exhibit James Madison

39 Alexander Hamilton was born January 11, 1755 in the British West Indies. He went to school in New Jersey and New York. He joined the military during the American Revolution. Hamilton served with General George Washington from 1771 to After the war, he became a lawyer. Hamilton supported the United States Constitution. He signed the Constitution on September 17 th, 1787 with 38 others. From , he was the Secretary of the Treasury. During the 1800 presidential election he supported Thomas Jefferson against Aaron Burr. Aaron Burr and Hamilton remained enemies until Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel. Alexander Hamilton was shot by Aaron Burr during the duel. He died the next day on July 12 th Alexander Hamilton Return to Exhibit Hamilton’s Birth Place British West Indies


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