Presentation on theme: "Contemporary Time Period. Time Period 1900-present 20 th Century 1900 - 2000 Contemporary 1975 - present 21 st Century 2000 – present The modern."— Presentation transcript:
Time Period 1900-present 20 th Century 1900 - 2000 Contemporary 1975 - present 21 st Century 2000 – present The modern forms of art music
Characteristics 20th-century classical music developed or reacted to the trends started in the previous century. At the turn of the century, music was characteristically late Romantic in style, while at the same time the Impressionist movement, spearheaded by Claude Debussy, was being developed in France. America also began developing its own vernacular style of classical music, notably in the works of Charles Ives, John Alden Carpenter, and (later) George Gershwin, while in Vienna, Arnold Schoenberg conceived atonality and later developed the twelve-tone technique. Classical music in the 20th century varied greatly.
Perhaps the most important feature during this time period of classical music was the increased use of dissonance. Because of this, the 20th century is sometimes called the "Dissonant Period" of classical music, following the common practice period, which emphasized consonance pushing more boundaries
Movements Romantic Style Modernism Impressionism Expressionism Futurism Atonal, 12-tone, Serialism Free-Dissonance and Experimentalism Neoclassicism Electronic Music Jazz-influenced Classical Compositions Post Modernism Minimalism Recording Technology Spectralism Polystylism (Eclecticism) Historicism Neo-Romanticism Art Rock Influence “World Music” Influence New Simplicity New Complexity
Composers Claude Debussy Gabriel Faure Edward Elgar Luigi Dallapiccola Carl Orff Arvo Part Carl Nielson Gustov Holst Astor Piazzolla Francis Poulenc Giacomo Puccini Sergei Rachmaninoff Jean Sibelius Richard Strauss Zoltan Kodaly Percy Grainger John Williams Kurt Weill George Crumb Philip Glass Steve Reich Oliver Messiaen George Rochberg Milton Babbitt Pierre Boulez Elliot Carter John Cage