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Marine Corps History Post Vietnam Era Keeping the Peace 1976-1986.

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Presentation on theme: "Marine Corps History Post Vietnam Era Keeping the Peace 1976-1986."— Presentation transcript:

1 Marine Corps History Post Vietnam Era Keeping the Peace

2 Post Vietnam Statistics:  Total Strength: 192,000 – Enlisted 174,000 – Officers 18,000  High School Grads: below 50%  Drug Use: Not Tested  Criminal Records: Not Checked  Morale: Low  Desertions: High  Violent Crime: High

3 1976  Jul: Marines Evacuate American citizens from Beirut, Lebanon  Sep: Marines begin wearing the camouflage utility uniform  Nov: First annual Marine Corps Marathon held in Washington, DC

4 1977  May: TBS graduates first male/female class  Jun: the billett “Director of Women Marines” is eliminated from the Corps (males and females are no longer considered separate parts of the Marine Corps)  Nov: Unit Deployment Program (UDP) replaces unaccompanied tours of duty to the Far East (maintain unit cohesion, enhance combat readiness)

5 1978 becomes the first female Brigadier General in the corps  May: Margaret A. Brewer becomes the first female Brigadier General in the corps (combined arms exercise) Air/Ground Live Fire Training)  Aug: CAX (combined arms exercise) becomes a part of Marine’s training for decades to come (Air/Ground Live Fire Training)  Oct: Commandant becomes a full member of the JCS (Joint Chiefs of Staff)

6 1979 (held captive for one week)  Feb: US Embassy (Iran) attacked and Marines abducted (held captive for one week) SandinistaSomoza  Jun: US Embassy (Nicaragua) Marines help evacuate 1400 as Sandinista forces overthrow Somoza dictatorship  Oct: US Embassy (El Salvador) attacked  Nov: US Embassy (Iran) overrun and 65 Americans taken hostage  Nov: US Embassy (Pakistan) attacked and burned  Dec: Marine Corps establishes the Maritime Pre-positioning Force (MPF)

7 1980  Mar: Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force (RDJTF) established  Apr: Operation “Desert One” fails to rescue hostages (Iran)  Total Strength: 188,000 – Enlisted 170,000 – Officers 18,000  High School Grads: 80%  Drug Use: Not Tested  Criminal Records: Checked before allowed into Corps

8 1981  Jan: 52 American hostages freed after 444 days in captivity (Iran)  Advances: Super Stallion (double the lift and in-flight refueling) – CH53E Super Stallion (double the lift and in-flight refueling) (aboard ship with helicopters) – AV8 Harriers (aboard ship with helicopters) – M mm Howitzer The War On Drugs Begins – Urinalysis testing, The War On Drugs Begins

9 1982  Jun: Marines evacuate 580 U.S. citizens (Lebanon) Beirut International Airport  Sep: Marines take up positions at Beirut International Airport (responding to a massacre of innocent Palestinian refugees) (HMMWV) replaced the Jeep & (MRE) replaced C rations  Oct: H igh M obility M ultipurpose W heeled V ehicle (HMMWV) replaced the Jeep & M eal R eady to E at (MRE) replaced C rations : (CENTCOM)  Dec: RDJTF replaced with Central Command (CENTCOM) (Middle East, South West Asia, & Indian Ocean)

10 1983 replaces F-4 & A-4  Jan: F/A-18 Hornet replaces F-4 & A-4 replaces steel helmet  Feb: Kevlar replaces steel helmet ombed killing 61 (Lebanon)  Apr: U.S. Embassy bombed killing 61 (Lebanon) Marines under attack  Aug: Beirut Airport Marines under attack in effect but sniper fire continues  Sep: Cease Fire in effect but sniper fire continues 22MAU invades to stop a Communist coup  Oct: Grenada 22MAU invades to stop a Communist coup Truck bomb destroys BLT 1/8 building (241 dead)  Oct: Beirut Truck bomb destroys BLT 1/8 building (241 dead) ombed (Kuwait)  Dec: U.S. Embassy bombed (Kuwait)

11 1984 U.S. civilians evacuated &  Feb: Beirut U.S. civilians evacuated & Marines withdraw Marines withdraw  May: LCAC anding raftirushionin service Landing Craft Air Cushion in service Annex Building  Sep: U.S. Embassy Annex Building ombed killing 23 (Beirut, Lebanon) bombed killing 23 (Beirut, Lebanon)

12 1985 replaces the  Jan: 9mm Beretta replaces the.45 caliber pistol (SOC)  Jun: Special Operations Capable (SOC) mandatory for deploying units mandatory for deploying units Communist Guerrillas kill four off-duty  Jun: Communist Guerrillas kill four off-duty Marine Embassy Guards (El Salvador)

13 1986  Mar: Libyan missile boats sunk during training (Gulf of Sidra) exercise (Gulf of Sidra)  Mar: Libyan Terrorist bomb night club frequented (Germany) by US Citizens (Germany) U.S. bombs Libyan targets  Apr: U.S. bombs Libyan targets Officers removed from SNCO  Sep: Officers removed from SNCO Academies Academies

14 Acronyms:  TBS  UDP  CAX  MPF  RDJTF  MRE  HMMWV  CENTCOM  SOC  SNCO  JCS  SOC  NEO  TRAP  SAR ♦ MAGTF ♦ CE ♦ SE ♦ GCE ♦ ACE ♦ MEU ♦ MEB ♦ MEF ♦ MAU ♦ MAB ♦ MAF

15 Questions ????? Questions ????? Questions ????? Questions ????? Questions ?????


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