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Chapter Four Guidelines for Exercise Exercise is to the body as reading is to the mind. G. Legman.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Four Guidelines for Exercise Exercise is to the body as reading is to the mind. G. Legman."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Four Guidelines for Exercise Exercise is to the body as reading is to the mind. G. Legman

2 Objectives zWhat should you consider when beginning an exercise program? zWhat clothing considerations should be made for an exercise program? zWhat precautions should be taken when exercising in hot weather? In cold weather? zWhat are the symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke?

3 Objectives zWhat other safety factors should you consider when you exercise? zHow do you maintain a proper fluid balance during physical activity? zWhat are the steps in warming-up and cooling- down? zWhat injuries could you encounter when beginning an exercise program?

4 Chapter 4 Value  Initiating a sound personal fitness program requires considerable information. The information in this chapter provides guidelines that will help you establish a safe and appropriate personal fitness program. Being knowledgeable about heat illnesses, for example, is crucial for individuals living in hot climates. The importance of an adequate amount of water is another topic that should be thoroughly understood.

5 Vocabulary an increase in body temperature with a reduction of body fluids heat-related problem in which certain muscles contract involuntarily and cause pain condition characterized by profuse sweating, dizziness, and extreme weakness medical emergency characterized by hot, dry skin and a rising body temperature excessive decline in body temperature hyperthermia — heat cramps — heat exhaustion — heat stroke — hypothermia —

6 Vocabulary a 10- to 15-minute period during which the body is prepared for vigorous exercise a 10- to 15-minute period of mild exercise following vigorous exercise that allows the body and heart rate to return to normal an inflammation of the membrane on the front of the bones in the lower leg a large muscle in the upper abdomen sharp pain in the side just under the ribs warm-up — cool-down — shin splint — diaphragm — stitch-in-the-side —

7 Evaluate Goals

8 Getting Started zConsider current Health Status yMedical history yPresent health yPrevious involvement in physical activity zConsider need for medical exam zConduct fitness evaluation zSet goals Objective Answer

9 What to Wear zComfortable, supportive shoes zGood fitting socks zLight-colored shirts in breathable materials zLoose shorts Objective Answer

10 Exercising in Hot Weather zExercise with caution to avoid heat illnesses zHyperthermia — reduction in body fluids or an increase in body temperature Vocabulary Objective 1 of 5

11 Heat Illnesses zHeat cramps — least severe zHeat exhaustion — medium severity zHeat stroke — serious emergency situation Vocabulary

12 Heat Cramps zThirst zChills zClammy skin zThrobbing heartbeat zNausea

13 Heat Exhaustion zProfuse sweating zDizziness zHeadache zShortness of breath zWeak and rapid pulse zLack of saliva zExtreme fatigue 1 of 2 Objective

14 Heat Stroke zLack of sweat zDry, hot skin zLack of urine zHallucinations zExcessively high body temperature zVisual disturbances zAggression zUnsteady walking zDeafness CALL of 2 Objective

15 Preventing Heat Illnesses zWear light-colored, lightweight clothes. zDo not wear rubberized suits. zDrink fluids often. zWear a hat. 2 of 5 Objective

16 Preventing Heat Illnesses zDo not use salt tablets zExercise in a water environment or early/late in the day zWatch for signs and get help 3 of 5 Objective

17 Exercising in Cold Weather zCan lead to hypothermia and frostbite zIncrease warm-up time zStart slower zDon’t expect to work at as high a level as normal Vocabulary 4 of 5 Objective

18 Precautions in Cold Weather zWear thermal under- and outerwear zWear gloves, face masks, hats zLayer clothing zDon’t overdress zWear water-resistant outerwear 5 of 5 Objective

19 Other Safety Precautions zAvoid exercise when you are ill or injured. zStart back slowly. zEat light meals before exercising. zAvoid highly polluted areas. zRespect dogs’ territory. zExercise in groups. Objective

20 Warming Up zLast 10 to 15 minutes zPrepares the body for action Vocabulary

21 Benefits of Warming Up zMentally focus your effort and promote movement. zIncrease heart rate and blood supply to muscles.

22 How to Warm Up zGeneral Stage 1 - large muscle groups zGeneral Stage 2 - static stretching zSpecific to the activity planned Objective 1 of 2

23 Cooling Down zLast 10 to 15 minutes zAllows body to return to normal Vocabulary

24 Benefits of Cooling Down zPrevents blood from pooling in muscles zPrevents muscle soreness

25 How to Cool Down zPhase 1 - light activity zPhase 2 - stretching zMay add sit-ups Objective 2 of 2

26 Common Injuries zMuscle soreness ylight massage, easy stretching, mild exercise zBlisters ygauze padding or foam discs zShin splints yrest, ice packs, taping, elevate legs Vocabulary Objective 1 of 2

27 Common Injuries zStitch-in-the-side (diaphragm) yapply pressure, stretch to opposite side, deep breaths zSprained ankle ystop activity, ice, elevate, immobilize Vocabulary Objective 2 of 2

28 Record Progress toward Goal

29 Summary zProper clothing zHot and cold weather precautions zHot and cold weather illnesses zSafety precautions zWarm-up zCool-down zCommon injuries

30 Objectives zWhat should you consider when beginning an exercise program? zWhat clothing considerations should be made for an exercise program? zWhat precautions should be taken when exercising in hot weather? In cold weather? zWhat are the symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke?

31 Objectives zWhat other safety factors should you consider when you exercise? zHow do you maintain a proper fluid balance during physical activity? zWhat are the steps in warming-up and cooling-down? zWhat injuries could you encounter when beginning an exercise program?

32 Answer zTrue or False ySelecting proper shoes is the most important consideration when choosing your exercise wardrobe. yThe color of clothing does not make any difference when you are exercising in hot weather. True False

33 Answer zTrue or False yIt is important that you evaluate your level of fitness prior to beginning a personal fitness program. yDressing in layers during cold weather is an exercise myth. yIt is best to limit fluid intake to people who are sweating profusely because the water may cause stomach cramps. True False

34 Study Question zDiscussion yYou live in Florida and a cousin from Cleveland comes to visit you in July. Your cousin has not been very active, but he wants to get started on a personal fitness program. He wants to exercise in the afternoon since he does not get up very early in the morning. 1. What are some important guidelines you should give him? 2. What should he wear? Answer

35 1. What are some important guidelines you should give him? See slide What should he wear? See slide 7.


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