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US Annexation Samoa & Hawaii. Alfred Mahan U.S. Navy captain – supported imperialism Thought we needed a bigger Navy to protect merchant ships Thought.

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Presentation on theme: "US Annexation Samoa & Hawaii. Alfred Mahan U.S. Navy captain – supported imperialism Thought we needed a bigger Navy to protect merchant ships Thought."— Presentation transcript:

1 US Annexation Samoa & Hawaii

2 Alfred Mahan U.S. Navy captain – supported imperialism Thought we needed a bigger Navy to protect merchant ships Thought more Navy bases were needed

3 A Naval Base in Samoa A chain of islands in South Pacific Ocean Had a great harbor U.S. competed with Germany and Great Britain for the islands…almost battle! Peaceful agreement – Germany & U.S. split the island; G.B. got other areas of Pacific

4 Annexing Hawaii U.S. had wanted Hawaii for a long time Rich soil, warm climate, and lots of rain= Year round crops WHY?

5 Missionaries & Planters 1820 – U.S. Missionaries arrived to convert religion Mid 1800’s – American sugar plantations sprung up Planters brought business to Hawaii Planters gained in power; King had less power Missionaries built churches. Sugar Cane Dole Corporation began

6 Planters Revolt Queen Liliuokalani (2 slides write small) –Took over after her brother, the king, died –Wanted Hawaiian independence –Didn’t like U.S. planters or their power (Continued on next slide)

7 1893 – Planters revolted US Marines came in to “protect” but over threw the Queen She surrendered to save her people

8 U.S. Territory Planters set up Republic – led by Mr. Dole Asked US to annex Hawaii Debate in Congress 2 years later – US territory 1959 – Hawaii is a state


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