Multiple Intelligences: Gardner's Theory Who is Gardner ? Names immortalized ● Beethoven ● Inteshtines ● Tolstoy ● Addison ● Nuiten ● Tshershel
Gardner (1993) proposed a new view of intelligence that differs greatly from the traditional view which usually recognizes only two intelligences verbal and computational. He viewed it as; the ability to solve problems and understand the world in at least seven different ways. He expanded the concept of intelligence to include such areas as music, spatial relations, and interpersonal knowledge in addition to mathematical and linguistic ability.
key points of Gardner's theory: 1- All human beings possess all intelligences in varying degrees. 2- Each individual has a different intelligence profile. 3- Education can be improved by assessment of students' intelligence profiles and designing activities accordingly. 4- Each intelligence occupies a different area of the brain. 5- The intelligences operate in consort not separately from one another.
Linguistic Intelligence--involves having a mastery of language. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively manipulate language to express oneself in a good manner. It also allows one to use language as a means to remember information.
Teachers can enhance their students' verbal/linguistic intelligence by having them keep journals, play word games, and by encouraging discussion.
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence--consists of the ability to detect patterns, reason deductively and think logically. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific, critical and mathematical thinking.
Teachers can strengthen this intelligence by encouraging the use of computer programming, critical- thinking activities, science-fiction scenarios, logic puzzles, and through the use of logical/sequential presentation of subject matter.
intrapersonal intelligence--the ability to understand one's own feelings and motivations. Finding one’s self in working alone and in meditation.
Teachers can assign reflective activities, such as journaling to awaken students' Intrapersonal Intelligence. It’s important to note that this intelligence involves the use of all others. An individual should tap into their other intelligences to completely express their Intrapersonal Intelligence.
Naturalistic intelligence is seen in someone who recognizes and classifies plants, animals, and minerals including a mastery of taxonomies. They are aware of species such as the flora and fauna around them. They notice natural and artificial taxonomies such as animals, cars and clothes.
Teachers can best foster this intelligence by using relationships among systems of species, and classification activities. Encourage the study of relationships such as patterns and order, compare-and- contrast sets of groups or look at connections to real life and science issues.
Although the intelligences are separated from each other, Gardner claims that the seven intelligences do not operate independently.
Teachers should think of all intelligences as equally important Everyone is born possessing the different intelligences. Nevertheless, all students will come into the classroom with different sets of developed intelligences. This means that each child will have his own unique set of intellectual strengths and weaknesses. Gardner argues that culture also plays a large role in the development of the intelligences.
● Write a set of instructions. ● Speak on a subject. ● Edit a written piece or work. ● Discuss something. ● Commentate on an event. ● Apply positive or negative ‘view' to a story
Applications on Logical/Mathematical Intelligence
●Perform a mental arithmetic calculation. ● Create a process to measure something difficult. ● Analyze how a machine works. ● Devise a strategy to achieve an aim. ● Assess the value of a business or a proposition.
● Consider and decide one's own aims and personal changes required to achieve them. ● Consider one's own problems and decide options for tackling them. ● Consider and decide one's own position whether now or in the future and write your expressions. ● Write your personal opinion of something.
This simple diagram illustrates Howard Gardner's model of the seven Multiple Intelligences. capability & perception intelligence type words and languageLinguistic 1 logic and numbersLogical-Mathematical 2 music, sound, rhythmMusical 3 body movement controlBodily-Kinesthetic 4 images and spaceSpatial-Visual 5 other people's feelingsInterpersonal 6 self-awarenessIntrapersonal 7
Benefits of Multiple Intelligences ■ As a teacher and learner you realize that there are many ways to be "smart." ■ All forms of intelligence are equally important. ■ Students can focus on their strengths on work which enable them becoming experts in certain areas. ■ Students may develop strong problem solving skills that they can use in real life situations.
To plan a lesson you should ask the following questions: How can I include numbers, classification, critical- thinking and calculations? Math-Logic1 How can I include visuals, colors, art, graph and pictures? Spatial2 How can I include private learning time and student choice? Intrapersonal3 How can I include group work, peer sharing and discussions? Interpersonal4 How can I include movement, exercise, drama and crafts? Bodily - Kinesthetic 5 How can I include music, sounds, rhythms and dance?Musical6 How can I include reading, writing and speaking?Verbal - Linguistic 7