Presentation on theme: "Medical Technology: Human Vital Signs"— Presentation transcript:
1Medical Technology: Human Vital Signs SNC4MMedical Technology: Human Vital Signs
2Essential Questions:What are the four primary vital signs in humans and how are they measured?What are the normal ranges for various physiological and biochemical indicators of health?
3Vital SignsVital signs (VS) are measures of various physiological statistics, often taken by health professionals, in order to assess the most basic body functions.VS are the most important measurements healthcare professionals will obtain when they evaluate or assess a patient’s condition.
5Major Associated Internal Systems or Organs LungsMuscular SystemBrainLiverHeart/Circulatory System
6Heart Rate (Pulse)What exactly is the heart rate or pulse?
7Heart Rate (Pulse)A wave of blood flow that expands an artery created by a contraction of the heart.
8Heart Rate (Pulse) (cont.) Heart rate can be measured by finding the pulse sites of the bodyPulse sites most commonly used:Radial pulse – located inside the wrist, near the thumb.Brachial pulse – found in the antecubital space of the arm (the bend of the elbow) in adults.
9Heart Rate (Pulse) (cont.) Pulse Sites (cont.)Apical pulse – auscultated with a stethoscope on the chest wall. The pulse is found at the apex of the heart.
10Heart Rate (Pulse) Sites (Answers) B.D.E.F.C.G.H.A. Temporal B. Femoral C. Popliteal D. Posterior tibial E. Carotid F. Brachial G. Radial H. Dorsalis pedis
12Heart Rate (Pulse) (cont.) Characteristics of the Heart RateAssessed as beats per minute, or BPM.Counted for 15, 20, 30, or 60 seconds.Adults: healthy resting HR = 60–80 bpm(taken while lying down)Tachycardia – a pulse rate faster than normal (above 100 bpm).Bradycardia – a pulse rate slower than normal (below 60 bpm).