Presentation on theme: "Undefined terms in Geometry"— Presentation transcript:
1Undefined terms in Geometry Please write the sponge in the space providedSponge for Today:What is perspective?
2Background InfoThe Renaissance was the beginning of a formal use of composition and perspective.The Renaissance ( ) was a great rebirth of European learning and discovery.It ended 1000 years of superstition and ignorance that followed the fall of Rome.The Renaissance began in Italy and spread throughout northern Europe.Renaissance artist include Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, scientists like Galileo, and writers like Shakespeare.
3Characteristics Renaissance artists… investigating and representing the real worldcontinued to depict religious subjects but also began to portray the human experiencebrought back the Greek classical ideals of ideal proportions (for depicting the human body as well as for architecture and painting)
4Linear Perspective…Is based on the way human eye sees world-objects which are closer appear larger, and more distant objects appear smaller.Uses a vanishing point on the horizon line to create the illusion of space.Is created by drawing objects using orthogonal lines which lead to the vanishing point(s).
5Linear PerspectivePerspective is a technique for representing 3-dimensional space on a flat surface.During the Renaissance artists invented a mathematical system to show depth logically and consistently.System helped to create realistic art.
61 point vs. 2 pointIn one-point perspective, the forms are seen face on and are drawn to a single vanishing point.Objects seen at an angle would be drawn with two-point perspective using two vanishing points. Often these vanishing points are "off the page".
7Other ways to Create Depth The ways that artists make things look deep:Size: objects appear smaller as they get farther away.Position: objects appear higher on the page as they get farther away.Overlap: Overlapping objects show which is farther.Detail: Objects have less detail as they get farther away.Saturation of color: Close objects are brightest and sharpest. Objects in the distance appear pale and washed out.Atmospheric perspective: Objects in the distance may appear bluish.Warm colors advance/cool colors recede: Warm colors may appear closer. Cool colors may appear farther away.
8Before the renaissance How did artist create depth?
10How to find Vanishing pt… Identify the horizon on artwork.
11How to find Vanishing pt… Lines from objects to the horizon line create the vanishing point is clearly established.The lines leading to the vanishing point are called are called orthogonals.
121 pt perspective LookA cube in one-point perspective the front face of the form is seen as the closest point.The number of sides visible, whether or not you see the top or bottom of the box depends on the angle from which you view it.
13Drawing a 1 pt Perspective object Step 1Orient your paper or draw a large rectangle on your board to represent a paper turned horizontally, or "landscape orientation."
14Lines, lines, linesEvery line you make in one-point perspective will be vertical, horizontal or an orthogonal line (irregular shapes and lines can be dealt with later).Make the end of the ruler flush with the edge of the paper. This is one of the most important and most challenging skills! If lines are not exactly horizontal and vertical, your students' drawings will be skewed!
15Drawing a 1 pt Perspective object Step 2Draw a horizon line towards the top of the page and label it.
16Drawing a 1 pt Perspective object Step 3Draw the vanishing point in the center of the horizon line and label it.
17Drawing a 1 pt Perspective object Step 4Now draw a square or rectangle and label it "front face". Draw it in one of the lower corners so you have plenty of room to add more forms. You can continue to relate the drawing to the physical box model as you work.
18Drawing a 1 pt Perspective object Step 5Now connect three corners of your rectangle or square to the vanishing point. These are orthogonals. Draw lightly so you can erase!
19Drawing a 1 pt Perspective object Step 6Draw a horizontal line between the top two orthogonals where you want your form to end to make the top of the box.
20Drawing a 1 pt Perspective object Step 7Draw a vertical line down from the horizontal line to complete the side.
21Drawing a 1 pt Perspective object Step 8Erase the remaining orthogonals.
25Drawing a 2 pt Perspective object Two-point perspective is useful to show an angle rather than face-on.Most lines are vertical or orthogonals drawn to two different vanishing points.
26Class WorkDraw a 2 point perspective drawing using the directions provided
27Undefined terms in Geometry Please write the sponge in the space providedSponge for Today:What is perspective?
28l Points, lines, Planes ● ● Locate & use symbolic language: A pointA lineCollinear pointsNoncollinear pointsA line segmentA rayOpposite raysA planeIntersection of 2 linesIntersection of 2 planesUndefined terms in GeometryLabel your shape and draw arrows as follows…●QlP●REFDraw arrowsat the endsof yourhorizonAD●XGBC
29Points, lines, Planes ● ● ● l Find point Q Find line l You describe a point by writing the word point and using a capital letter: Point QFind line lThere are two different ways to describe a line: 1) naming any two points on the line with an line on top, or 2) writing line lCollinear points are points on the same line…such as point P, point Q, and point R (need three pts)Noncollinear points are points NOT on the same line…such as point D, point G, and point C (need three pts)Pl●Q●Q●REFAD●XGBC
30Points, lines, Planes ● ● l P Q R E F A D ● X G B C A line segment has two endpoints.You describe a line segment using two points with a segment on topA ray has one endpoint.You describe a ray by naming the initial point first and the directional point second with a ray on topOpposite rays look like a lineA plane extends in four directions forever – it’s a surfaceYou describe a plane by naming three noncollinear points or by one capital letterIntersection of 2 linesIntersection of 2 planesPl●Q●REFAD●XGBC