3AboutPerspective is the technique used to represent a three-dimensional world (what we see) on a two-dimensional surface (a piece of paper or canvas) in a way that looks realistic and accurate, as we see it in nature. Perspective is used to create an illusion of space and depth on a flat surface.
4Linear Perspective A mathematical system for representing three-dimensional objects and space on a two-dimensional surface by means of intersecting lines that are drawn vertically and horizontally and that radiate from one point (one-point perspective), two points (two-point perspective.
5Term: One Point Perspective General Definition: One point perspective is a type of linear perspective. All types of linear perspectives include a horizon line and a stationary point (the position of the observer). In one point perspective, there is one point from which all lines radiate outwardly from.
6Creative GlossaryTerm:Linear PerspectiveGeneral Definition:Linear Perspective relates to the mathematical system of creating objects that are created three-dimensionally on a two-dimensional surface. It is called linear perspective because objects and figures and space are re-created in a realistic manner through the use of intersecting lines drawn horizontally and vertically.There are three types of linear perspective. They include one point perspective, two-point perspective, and three-point perspective. All of the perspectives include a horizon line and a stationary point (the position of the observer). In one point perspective, there is one point that all lines radiate from. In two-point perspective, there are two points from which an objects lines radiate from; the sides of the object vanish to one of two vanishing points on the horizon line. An objects vertical lines do not relate to the perspective rules of the horizontal lines. By changing the vanishing points of the object, one can increase or decrease the size of the object. In three-point perspective there are also two vanishing points somewhere on the horizon; however, unlike two-point perspective, there also exists a vanishing point above or below the horizon line that the vertical lines disappear to.
7This is a one point perspective This is a two point perspective
9PerspectiveLinear perspective is a method of portraying objects on a flat surface so that the dimensions shrink with distance. The parallel, straight edges of any object, whether a building or a table, will follow lines that eventually converge at infinity.
11You are going to start by drawing a vanishing point in the middle of the paper. Lower than the one in this example.
12Next you will use a plastic triangle to help you draw a square.
13The next step is to draw a line from the vanishing point to the corner of the square. Use your ruler or plastic triangle to do this.
14Next you will decide where to end the box you are making Next you will decide where to end the box you are making. Draw a line that is parallel to the square between the square and the vanishing point.
15The last step is to erase the lines that extend from the box/cube to the vanishing point.
16Your boxes will start off looking like this until you draw the parallel lines to the square and erase the lines to the vanishing point. You will need to draw 10 boxes with 3 that overlap the others.
17Squares that have been turned into cubes. 3-D on a 2-D surface!
18This is a two point perspective This is a two point perspective. The location of the square to the horizon line will determine whether you can see the top of the square, the side or the bottom.If the square is above the horizon line you will see what part of the square?
33The drawing is finished in pencil The drawing is finished in pencil. Details have been added to enhance the drawing. Lots of effort went into this city.
34Start with a horizontal line 5” from the bottom of the paper Start with a horizontal line 5” from the bottom of the paper. Put a vanishing point in the middle of the horizontal line.5”
35You will need to put in a side walk before you start the buildings You will need to put in a side walk before you start the buildings.Start at the vanishing point and draw the line 1” from the corner on the bottom edge then from the corner if possible.
36What should you puton your paper so youget full credit?
37Draw a rectangle between the vanishing point and the side of the paper Draw a rectangle between the vanishing point and the side of the paper. Use the side of the paper to make sure your line is vertical. Then draw diagonal lines to the vanishing point. Draw a vertical line that is parallel to the rectangle.Erase the diagonal lines that go from the rectangle to the vanishing point.5”
38Draw buildings on both sides of the vanishing point Draw buildings on both sides of the vanishing point. Make different sized buildings.Why do the buildings get smaller as they get closer to the vanishing point.?
39Continue drawing rectangle/building on both sides of the vanishing point. Do the rectangles/buildings get smaller or larger as they get closer to the vanishing point? Why?5”
41The windows on the rectangle side of your buildings will be vertical and horizontal. The side of building that faces forward. These do not go to the vanishing point.5”
42The windows and doors on the rectangle side of your buildings will be vertical and horizontal. The side of building that faces forward. These do not go to the vanishing point.
43If the side of the building goes to the vanishing point than the windows do too! The top and bottom line of the windows go to the vanishing point. The sides of the windows go vertically.
44The left side of the street has windows and doors. You will use the vanishing point to create the diagonal lines for the tops and bottoms of the windows and doors. Then make a vertical line for the sides of the windows and doors.On the straight side of the building the windows go vertical and horizontal.
45Add extras to your city. Use the vanishing point to make benches, trash cans, planters. Use the skills you have developed from the drawing cubes and letters.You can add street lights and billboards too. You should add trees and shrubs too.