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Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

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3 Border problems

4 Jawaharlal Nehru  Ally of Gandhi.  1 st Prime Minister of India,  Advocated Industrialization.  Promoted “Green Revolution”.  Mixed Economy.  Nonaligned Movement.

5 Non-Alignment Movement

6  The “mix” refers to private and public ownership.  Foreign aid and foreign investment are crucial.  Urban areas have high-tech companies.  Three quarters of the population are farmers living in small villages.  India's "Green Revolution" allowed farmers to triple their crop by using modern science and technology. India’s “mixed economy”

7 India’s “Green Revolution”  Introducing higher- yielding varieties of seeds in  Increased use of fertilizers & irrigation.  GOAL  make India self- sufficient in food grains.

8  Nehru’s daughter.  Prime Minister of India,  Continues Nehru’s policies.  Faced corruption charges & internal rebellion.  Assassinated in Indira Gandhi

9 India’s persecultion of the Sikhs

10 Mrs. Gandhi assassinated! Mrs. Gandhi lying in state.

11  Indira’s son.  Prime Minister of India,  Some reform of economy and government.  Also faced rebellion.  Assassinated in 1991 while campaigning. Rajiv Gandhi

12  Italian-born Sonia Maino married Rajiv  She moved into the house of mother-in- law, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. A foreigner joins the family

13  1983  Indian citizen.  1984  first lady when her husband, Rajiv Gandhi, succeeded his assassinated mother as Prime Minister. Mrs. Sonia Maino Gandhi

14  1991  Tragedy struck the Gandhi family again when Rajiv was killed by a suicide bomber.

15 Sonia Gandhi remains Roman Catholic, but follows Hindu and Indian traditions.  Sonia Gandhi remains Roman Catholic, but follows Hindu and Indian traditions.  With her children, she scattered Rajiv's ashes in the Ganges.

16 After Rajiv's death Sonia shied away from the spotlight. In 1998, she agreed to start her own career as a “Gandhi” again and became an important political leader.  After Rajiv's death Sonia shied away from the spotlight. In 1998, she agreed to start her own career as a “Gandhi” again and became an important political leader.

17  Sonia's son Rahul and daughter Priyanka have also become politically active.

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19  When her party won in the recent elections, she was asked to be Prime Minister.  She decided not to accept the position. “The Jewel turns down the crown!”

20  May 2004  he held up a letter from India's president authorizing him to form a new government as prime minister.  He stood next to Sonia Gandhi, the candidate for the post who stunned the country when she declined the office. Manmohan Singh

21 May 2004 India Swears in 13th Prime Minister and the first Sikh in the job. India Swears in 13th Prime Minister and the first Sikh in the job.

22  Overpopulation  1 billion & climbing.  Economic development.  Hindu-Muslim tensions.  Gender issues  dowry killings.  Caste bias  discrimination against untouchables continues.  The Kashmir dispute and nuclear weapons.  Political assassinations. Major problems & Issues in india today

23 Greater tamil nadu

24 Tamil Separatism: The “tamil tigers”

25 Is the dream gone?

26  Led briefly by Muhammad Ali Jinnah.  Prime Minister Ayub Khan.  Dangerous combination  Was not prepared to rule in  Strong Islamic fundamentalism.  Impoverished.  Pakistan divides in 1972  W. Pakistan = Pakistan  E. Pakistan = Bangladesh pakistanpakistan

27  First Woman Prime Minister, 1988  Ousted in 1990, 1993 on corruption charges.  Nawaz Sharif  Ousted three times.  Struggle between modernizers and fundamentalists. Benazir Bhutto

28  Coup d’etat.  Secular government against Islamic fundamentalists.  U.S. ally in the “War on Terror.” Gen. Pervex Musharaff

29  Economic development.  Political instability/military dictatorship.  Hindu-Muslim tensions.  Gender issues  honor killings.  Terrorism.  The Kashmir dispute and nuclear weapons. Major problems & Issues in Pakistan today

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31 India-Pakistan Border Disputes

32 1971 India-Pakistan War

33 Mrs. Gandhi with her troops

34 2002 Military Statistics

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37 Kashmir Crisis

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39 Indian Soldiers Patrol the India-Pakistan Border in Pura, the Winter Capital of the State of Jammu & Kashmir

40 Indian Soldiers Near the Pakistani Border

41 A Pakistani Ranger At the Indian-Pakistani Joint Border Check Post in Wagha, India

42 Anti-war Protestors in Karachi, Pakistan

43 Kashmiri Militants

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45 What title would you give this political cartoon?

46 The India-Pakistan Arms Race Heats Up in the Late 1990s

47 2002 Nuclear Statistics

48 India’s Prithvi Missiles First Tested in 1988

49 Supporters of former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee chant nationalist slogans in support for his nuclear policy

50 Former Indian Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, displays a sword given to him by Sikh youths in New Delhi to honor him for making India a nuclear power

51 Right-wing Pakistani Activists Burn Indian Flag to Protest Indian Nuclear Tests

52 Hot Air Balloon Protesting India & Pakistan’s nuclear testing

53 India Displays Nuclear Missiles During “Republic Day,”

54 India Successfully Tested Agni Missiles

55 Musharraf and Vajpayee at a meeting on nuclear issues in Nepal in 2002

56 Is this a possibility?

57 India's Prime Minister ManMohan Singh Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf

58 New Friends? Musharraf and India's new Prime Minister Manmohan Singh speak by telephone frequently affirming a strong desire for peace and resolution of their disputes, including Kashmir, on which the two countries have fought two of their three wars.

59 Partners in the “War on Terror?”

60 US Sells F-16 Jets to Pakistan — India Not Pleased! (3/25/05) ManMohan Singh of India with President Bush (9/04)


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