The “mix” refers to private and public ownership. Foreign aid and foreign investment are crucial. Urban areas have high-tech companies. Three quarters of the population are farmers living in small villages. India's "Green Revolution" allowed farmers to triple their crop by using modern science and technology. India’s “mixed economy”
India’s “Green Revolution” Introducing higher- yielding varieties of seeds in 1965. Increased use of fertilizers & irrigation. GOAL make India self- sufficient in food grains.
Nehru’s daughter. Prime Minister of India, 1966-1984. Continues Nehru’s policies. Faced corruption charges & internal rebellion. Assassinated in 1984. Indira Gandhi
Mrs. Gandhi assassinated! Mrs. Gandhi lying in state.
Indira’s son. Prime Minister of India, 1984-1989. Some reform of economy and government. Also faced rebellion. Assassinated in 1991 while campaigning. Rajiv Gandhi
Italian-born Sonia Maino married Rajiv 1968. She moved into the house of mother-in- law, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. A foreigner joins the family
1983 Indian citizen. 1984 first lady when her husband, Rajiv Gandhi, succeeded his assassinated mother as Prime Minister. Mrs. Sonia Maino Gandhi
1991 Tragedy struck the Gandhi family again when Rajiv was killed by a suicide bomber.
Sonia Gandhi remains Roman Catholic, but follows Hindu and Indian traditions. Sonia Gandhi remains Roman Catholic, but follows Hindu and Indian traditions. With her children, she scattered Rajiv's ashes in the Ganges.
After Rajiv's death Sonia shied away from the spotlight. In 1998, she agreed to start her own career as a “Gandhi” again and became an important political leader. After Rajiv's death Sonia shied away from the spotlight. In 1998, she agreed to start her own career as a “Gandhi” again and became an important political leader.
Sonia's son Rahul and daughter Priyanka have also become politically active.
When her party won in the recent elections, she was asked to be Prime Minister. She decided not to accept the position. “The Jewel turns down the crown!”
May 2004 he held up a letter from India's president authorizing him to form a new government as prime minister. He stood next to Sonia Gandhi, the candidate for the post who stunned the country when she declined the office. Manmohan Singh
May 2004 India Swears in 13th Prime Minister and the first Sikh in the job. India Swears in 13th Prime Minister and the first Sikh in the job.
Overpopulation 1 billion & climbing. Economic development. Hindu-Muslim tensions. Gender issues dowry killings. Caste bias discrimination against untouchables continues. The Kashmir dispute and nuclear weapons. Political assassinations. Major problems & Issues in india today
Led briefly by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Prime Minister Ayub Khan. Dangerous combination Was not prepared to rule in 1948. Strong Islamic fundamentalism. Impoverished. Pakistan divides in 1972 W. Pakistan = Pakistan E. Pakistan = Bangladesh pakistanpakistan
First Woman Prime Minister, 1988 Ousted in 1990, 1993 on corruption charges. Nawaz Sharif Ousted three times. Struggle between modernizers and fundamentalists. Benazir Bhutto
Coup d’etat. Secular government against Islamic fundamentalists. U.S. ally in the “War on Terror.” Gen. Pervex Musharaff
Economic development. Political instability/military dictatorship. Hindu-Muslim tensions. Gender issues honor killings. Terrorism. The Kashmir dispute and nuclear weapons. Major problems & Issues in Pakistan today
India's Prime Minister ManMohan Singh Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf
New Friends? Musharraf and India's new Prime Minister Manmohan Singh speak by telephone frequently affirming a strong desire for peace and resolution of their disputes, including Kashmir, on which the two countries have fought two of their three wars.