Presentation on theme: "Parts of Speech Review CST Review. Nouns Singular Noun: names one person, place, thing, or idea. Plural Noun: names more than one person, place, thing,"— Presentation transcript:
Parts of Speech Review CST Review
Nouns Singular Noun: names one person, place, thing, or idea. Plural Noun: names more than one person, place, thing, or idea. Proper Noun: names a specific person, place, thing, or idea. Common Noun: names any person, place, thing, or idea. SingularPlural studentstudents benchbenches truthtruths hotelhotels ProperCommon Thomas Alvarezman Canadacountry Sears Towerbuilding the Bronze Ageage Names a person, place, thing, or idea.
Nouns Continued Concrete: names things that you can recognize with your senses. Abstract: name ideas, qualities, or feelings. Collective: gives a single name to a group of individuals. Compound: nouns that are made up of two or more words. Possessive: names who or what owns or has something. Names a person, place, thing, or idea. ConcreteAbstractCollective inventorideacrowd cityprogresscommittee calendartimefamily jazzcultureteam CompoundPossessive doorknobsa girl’s coat mailboxeschildren’s voices sisters-in-lawbakeries’ cakes dining roomsboys’ shoes
Nouns Continued Plural: add an –s to the end of the noun. Singular Possessive: add an –’s to the end of the noun. Plural Possessive: add an –s’ to the end of the noun. Difference between a contraction and a possessive: –Katarina’s homework is perfect. (possessive) –Katarina’s preparing for the test. (contraction of Katarina is) Appositives: a noun placed next to another noun to identify it or add information about it. –My brother, Jeff, will accompany me to the boat. Appositive Phrase: a group of words that includes an appositive and other words that describe the appositive. –Jeffery Barber, a distinguished geologist, will speak at the Science Club meeting. Names a person, place, thing, or idea.
Identify the underlined word as either: plural, possessive, contraction, or appositive. 1.Herb, the server, deserved a large tip. 2.The children laughed at the monkeys in the cage. 3.The Newmans’ vacation was last month. 4.Sheila’s on her way to the skating rink.
Verbs A word that names an action and tells what a subject does. –Action verbs: can express physical or mental actions. Transitive: followed by a direct object. (what? / whom?) –Shawn painted landscapes and portraits. Intransitive: does not have a direct object. –Shawn painted beautifully. –Linking Verbs: connects the subject of a sentence with a word in the predicate that identifies or describes the subject. Common Linking Verbs: to be, appear, feel, look, seem, sound, taste, become, grow, remain, smell, stay, turn. –Helping Verbs: helps the main verb tell about an action or make a statement. The girl is calling her parents. (is – helping verb / calling – main verb) –Verb Tenses: tells when the action takes place Past: -edPresent: -s or -esFuture: “will” before the verb
1.I will ride home 2.Susi drew portraits. 3.She is going to regret not trusting me. Find the Verbs (Past, Present, Future) (Transitive / Intransitive) (Underline the helping verb once and the main verb twice)
Adjectives A word that provides information about the size, shape, color, texture, feeling, sound, smell, number or condition of a noun or a pronoun. –Predicate Adjective: always follows a linking verb. Movies are popular throughout Europe and America. –Proper Adjectives: formed from proper nouns (always begin with a capital letter.) Maria practiced Irish step dancing on Mondays and Italian cooking on Thursdays. –Comparative Adj.: adjectives that compare two things. –Superlative Adj.: adjectives compares more than two things. AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative goodbetterbest badworseworst manymoremost muchmoremost little (amount)lessleast
Adjectives Continued –Demonstrative Adj.: point out something or someone and describes nouns this, that, these, those Answers the questions: which one(s)? –Articles: Definite Articles – the Indefinite Articles – a / an
1.I like that flower. 2.I like red flowers. 3.I picked two flowers. Find the Adjectives (Which one? that flower) (What kind? red flowers) (How many? two flowers)
Adverbs A word that modifies, or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. –Intensifiers: an adverb that emphasizes an adjective or another adverb This information is rather new so it won’t be in the encyclopedia. –Comparative Adv.: adverbs that compare two actions. –Superlative Adv.: adverbs compares more than two actions. AdverbComparativeSuperlative wellbetterbest badlyworseworst little (amount)lessleast far (distance)fartherfarthest far (degree)furtherfurthest
1.We ate breakfast quickly. 2.I visited the garden today. 3.We weed the garden daily. 4.Plant the vegetables here. 5.It is too hot to work in the garden. Find the Adverb (How? quickly) (When? today) (How often? daily) (Where? here) (How much? too)