Presentation on theme: "BEGINNING IN BUSINESS Business Set Up And Purchase Lorraine Thornton 1Paper 001-003."— Presentation transcript:
BEGINNING IN BUSINESS Business Set Up And Purchase Lorraine Thornton 1Paper
2 1.Setting Up Determine salary and profit expectations for: your time your investment your expertise Be realistic in your expectations Survey the market
Paper Obtain work in that type of business Lifestyle? Match skills, knowledge and experience List assets that you will require Are there any businesses for sale? 1.Setting Up cont'd....
Paper Consultation With Professional Accountant Type of entity Documentation required Explanation of entity’s operation
Paper Consultation With Professional Accountant cont’d Feasibility Study: Sales Overhead expenses Wages Set up costs Budget Break even levels Sensitivity Analysis Cashflow Forecasts Pay As You Go (PAYG) tax payable Business Benchmarks Comparison
Paper Statement of Net Worth Projected Balance Sheet Ongoing role of accounting firms Competent Commercial Solicitor Bank interested in small business 2.Consultation With Professional Accountant cont’d
Paper Purchasing A Business Financial accounts last 5 years Tax returns last 5 years Debtors’ Aged Analysis
Paper Purchasing A Business cont’d.... Access to: Cash Payments Book Cash Receipts Book Tax Invoice Books Journals Bank Deposit Books Bank Statements Ledgers Creditors’ Aged Analysis Creditors’ Invoices Stock records Work in progress records Wages records Order Book Lease Agreements
Paper Purchasing A Business cont’d.... Is the Vendor running a similar business? Check purchases, sales and wages Restraint of Trade Will customers remain? Review stock History of the business Market share Competitors Suppliers
Paper Purchasing A Business cont’d..... Suppliers’ Terms of Trade Terms of Trade with Debtors – are they enforced? Are Tax Invoices and Statements prepared promptly? Check plant and equipment Is the plant owned, leased or on hire purchase? Leased premises – get a copy of the Lease Agreement Landlord’s approval for transfer of Lease
Paper Purchasing A Business cont’d..... Check the Lease – what would your obligations be for: removal of equipment at the end of the Lease? rectification of premises? option periods? exercise of options? painting? repairs and maintenance? re-fit requirements?
Paper Purchasing A Business cont’d... Acquiring the building? – Check Title Deed details Zoning Apportionment of price If taking over Debtors – BEWARE! What employees are you retaining? Holiday, Sick and Redundancy Pay Long Service Leave
Paper Customer List Vendor’s intention Vendor assist in the changeover? Valuing of stock Politics Gazetted hours Wages for staff What is the state of the economy? 3.Purchasing A Business cont’d...
Paper Purchasing A Business cont’d.... Monthly Sales Dissection Review Debtors’ Ledger – any large credit notes? Credit Worthiness Report on the business Social behaviour changes Technology changes Town Planning Regulations Customers – who are they? – demographics?
Paper Purchasing A Business cont’d Review the operations of the business Employee work specification Does the business have the right product mix? Any patents, trademarks, licenses, copyrights? Order Book Partially completed contracts – check! Creditors’ Aged Analysis Check the bank reconciliations Quality control Check suitable systems and policies for GST Check on stock buying patterns
Paper Remember, what you are looking for are clues that the business is not what it is being built up to be! The buyer must beware – check, double check and cross check everything! Once you sign the contract, it is very difficult to renegotiate.
Paper Registrations Required Business Name Australian Taxation Office: Withholding Tax Public Officer (Company) Australian Business Number GST Registration
Paper Registrations Required cont’d Work Cover Payroll Tax Government Bank Accounts Insurance Directories/Associations
Paper Accounting Work/Advice Business Objectives Business Mission Statement Accounting and Management Information System Internal Control System Types of books and records Business Plan, Budgets and Cashflow Forecasts Regular accounting reports Board of Directors/Board of Advice Employees’ Agreements, Conditions and Contracts Key Performance Indicators
Paper Other General Matters Location Layout of premises Does the market exist? Estimated expenses Break-even level of sales required Break-even point, including your salary Credit Policy
Paper Other General Matters cont’d... Bankcard, Master Card, Visa Card Other cards – Diners’ Club, American Express etc Government and Council requirements What are the potential risks? Can you handle the work? Communication facilities Traffic flow Off season planning Local events register What is happening in the local area? Do you need all the assets? Buy carefully Listen to experienced employees Develop an ability to get on with people Staff Manual