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AS Level Psychology Core Studies Look at the statement and decide whether it is correct or not. NGfL Cymru
False Washoe the chimp was conditioned purely through the use of classical techniques. Arbitrary movements in Washoe’s behaviour were reinforced. This is operant conditioning NGfL Cymru
True Washoe the chimp was able to use combinations of words. However, this does not mean she was able to use gammar or syntax. NGfL Cymru
True Stanley Milgram worked with Solomon Asch They worked together between 1959 and 1960 and Asch was a serious influence on Milgram’s development as a psychological researcher. NGfL Cymru
False Asch only used a very small sample of 9 participants Asch used a sample of 123 people as his study was a repeated measures design NGfL Cymru
True Stanley Milgram only tested men in his original study. This is known as gender bias because women were not tested. NGfL Cymru
True 80% of participants in Milgram’s study would have killed the confederate Fortunately the confederate was not wired to the shock machine. NGfL Cymru
False Marital separation ranks lower than a prison sentence in the Rahe et al study Marital separation rates at 65 and prison rates at 63. NGfL Cymru
False Men and women respond to stress in a similar fashion. The evidence suggests that they develop different coping mechanisms for stress. NGfL Cymru
True People are more likely to fear ‘slimy’ animals than furry animals. Bennet Levy and Marteau found that animals which evoke fear are slimy, fast and suddenly move. NGfL Cymru
True People’s memories of events witnessed can be affected by the nature of questions. Loftus and Palmer found that eyewitness testimony can be distorted. NGfL Cymru
False None of the babies in the Gibson and Walk experiment would climb on the deep surface. Three of the sample of 36 were willing to attempt the deep side of the visual cliff. NGfL Cymru
True Rosenhan was a participant in his own study There were three psychologists, one psychology students and a psychiatrist among the pseudopatients NGfL Cymru
False Buss found that women preferred men of the same age as themselves In most cultures, women preferred mates who were about four years older than themselves NGfL Cymru
True The method used by Langer and Rodin was a field experiment They worked in a natural environment and not a laboratory when they worked in the old people’s home. NGfL Cymru
Contents Cognitive Psychology What is Cognitive Psychology? Assumptions Methods of Investigation Core Studies from Cognitive Psychology - Loftus and Palmer.
Reconstruction of Memories Elizabeth Loftus’ Research.
Cognitive Psychology. This unit is split into 4 aspects: The nature of memory, including its stages, capacity, duration, encoding Models of memory,
Do Now What are some factors that you think could influence eyewitness testimony?
Conformity and Obedience. CONFORMITY “ The tendency to change our perceptions, opinions, or behaviour in ways that are consistent with group norms” (Brehm,
Eye-witness testimony LO: To understand the factors affecting the accuracy of EWT.
EWT and Anxiety. How will I know if I am learning? By the end of the lesson… E Will be able to define weapon focus. C Will be able to explain how anxiety.
AS Level Psychology The core studies Cognitive Approach.
Origins of Attraction MATTHEW CORRINET. Biological: Fischer et al. (2003) “... used an fMRI... to investigate blood flow in the brains of 20 men and.
A2 Psychology. Psychologists, like all scientists, use the Scientific Method to produce valid explanations of the world around them. This method has.
Scientific Benefit vs. Ethical Cost This controversy is all about finding a balance between making scientific progress and protecting people and animals.
Research Methods Lesson 02: Experimental Design. Task 1: Designing an experiment… Starter: Design an experiment to test the following: You want to investigate.
Homework Plan the following essay ready for timed essay after half term “Discuss two or more theories of the formation of romantic relationships” (8+16)
Readings 25 & 26. Reading 25: Classic Memory and the eye-witness Experiment 1 Experiment 2 Conclusion Reading 26: Contemporary Misinformation Effect Memory.
Reliability of one cognitive process Eyewitness Testimony.
Loftus & Palmer Cognitive Psychology The Core Studies.
Meeus and Raaijmaker (1986). Background Meeus and Raaijmakers were critical of Milgram’s research. They thought parts of it were ambiguous – for example,
Reconstruction of Automobile Destruction Loftus and Palmer (1974)
Memorise these words, you have until I have finished reading them out. sournicecandy honeysugarsoda bitterchocolategood hearttastecake toothtartpie.
PYA1: Critical Issue Eye Witness Testimony EWT. Eye Witness Testimony EWT The statements provided by witnesses of a crime or situation which help to establish.
Starter On a blank piece of paper, write down any key terms relating to the COGNITIVE approach These could be related to theories, research, evaluations,
Earwitness testimony Matt Jarvis. Earwitness testimony The benefits of earwitness testimony There has been a lot of research into the accuracy of eyewitness.
Sleep stages Evaluation. Research evidence and evaluation Complete the research evidence task p15.
Reliability in Memory. In 1984 Jennifer Thompson, a 22-year-old college student was raped at knifepoint. She testified that during the crime she made.
Christine Malone Minnesota State University Moorhead Was Stanley Milgram’s Study of Obedience Unethical?
SOCIAL APPROACH EVALUATION & EXAM Core Study 1: Milgram (1963) Behavioural Study of Obedience.
Psychology 3.3 Managing stress. Psychology Learning outcomes Understand the following three studies on managing stress: Cognitive (Meichenbaum, D. (1972)
Assessment 1 Social Psychology. AO1 knowledge and understanding Summarise the aims and context of Milgram's (1963) research 'Behavioural study of obedience'.
L ANGER AND R ODIN (1976) Choice and Personal Responsibility in Older People.
Psychological Explanations of Depression Aim: Can I outline TWO psychological explanations for depression? Can I evaluate TWO psychological explanations.
Write them down Did you note down ‘sweet’ and ‘angry’?
Do Now: Relate Chapter 7 terminology to the film Memento. What are some of the main points about memory in the film? Eyewitness Testimony.
Social Psychology. Person perception Attribution processes Interpersonal attraction Attitudes Conformity and obedience Behavior in groups.
ANXIETY AND AGE. There is a difference in results found in lab experiments and in real life. Recall after real life events is generally better.
Research Methods in Psychology. There are a number of methods used in Psychology to study people Laboratory Experiments Field Experiments Natural Experiments.
Factors affecting eyewitness testimony. Eyewitness testimony Eye witnesses who have ‘seen with their own eyes’ tend to be believed more by juries than.
Research methods for Unit 2 for Unit 2. Every mark counts There are 12 marks of Research Methods questions.
Producing Data: Experiments BPS - 5th Ed. Chapter 9 1.
Getting you thinking: Extension: Read the ‘Apply your knowledge’ section on p55. Discuss the task with your neighbour.
Social Influence Social Psychology Miss Bird. Criticisms of Asch’s research Is the study a ‘child of it’s time’? Findings could be unique to one culture.
Introductory Psychology Concepts Instructor name Class Title, Term/Semester, Year Institution © 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Social Psychology.
Blake Bonilla Bethany Roessler. Solomon Eliot Asch Born: September 14, 1907 in Warsaw to a Jewish family. Immigrant: 1920, at the age of 13, his family.
By Dhina, Haneen, Viveka, and Natsuki Elizabeth Loftus.
Social Psychology The tremendous power of the situation....
Intuition Exercise Results (parentheses indicate % of class who got the correct answer…) Social psychologists often use a random sample of participants.
Theoretical Perspectives. Sociobiology : Application of evolutionary biology to understanding the social behavior of animals, including humans.
Can facial expressions tell if someone is lying or not?
Sex Vs Gender What decides who you are?. Conception If sex is whether an individual is male or female, then this is decided at conception when a sperm.
Studying Misinformation effect on the Episodic and Semantic memory PRESENTED BY ABUL AALA NALBAND INSTRUCTOR PROF. AMITABH MUKHERJEE.
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