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© RSPH 2008 Learning Outcome 2 - Individual and population health - Basic Public Health information - Personal hygiene - Protection from infectious and preventable diseases
© RSPH 2008 Public Health ‘Study of the health and disease of populations and groups in relation to their environment and ways of living’ (Morris 1975:3)
© RSPH 2008 Measures for whole groups & societies oDeath (Mortality) rate; the incidence of fatal cases of disease in a given population in a specified period. oIllness (Morbidity) rate; the incidence of non-fatal cases of disease in a given population in a specific period (measure of illness) oDisability rate; measures of restricted activity and limited function R.J Taylor et al Morris 1975:3
© RSPH 2008 Principles of personal health Reducing transmission of infection Reducing personal health risk
© RSPH 2008 Protection from preventable infectious disease Hand washing Immunisation/vaccination
© RSPH 2008 Commonly transmitted infections reduced by good personal hygiene measures Common cold MRSA (methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus) Norovirus (winter vomiting disease)
© RSPH 2008 Hand washing After eating, smoking, coughing, or blowing the nose After handling waste food or refuse After visiting the toilet Before handling food Between handling raw and cooked food
© RSPH 2008 Hand washing Continued After combing or touching the hair After touching pets or animals After handling cleaning materials After social activities where equipment is often shared e.g. bowling
© RSPH 2008 Key measures Correct hand washing procedure http://www.publichealthgreybruce.on.ca/Communicable/Ha ndwashing/ Disposal of used handkerchief/tissues DH ‘Catch it, Bin it, Kill it’ respiratory and hand hygiene campaign http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatistics/Publicati ons/PublicationsPolicyAndGuidance/DH_080839
© RSPH 2008 Further information on infection www.neli.org.uk/IntegratedCRD.nsf/NeLI_Hom e1?OpenForm
© RSPH 2008 Immunisation/vaccination Safe Cost effective Works! When Primary Course for all At specific risk e.g. Population group, Occupation or Travel
© RSPH 2008 12 Immunisation Information http://www.immunisation.nhs.uk http://www.who.int/vaccines/globalsummary/immunization /ScheduleResult.cfm www.trusthomeopathy.org www.mcb.org.uk NHS LifeCheck for early years, teens and mid life: www.nhs.uk/lifecheck The Child Health Promotion Programme-Pregnancy and the first five years of life DH March 2008
© RSPH 2008 Screening The testing of an otherwise healthy person in order to diagnose disorders at an early stage e.g. Breast, Cervical, sexual health Screening programmes are public health services
© RSPH 2008 References Health & Illness M. Bury Polity Press 2005 Assessing Health Need using the Life Cycle Framework C. Pickin & S. St Leger OU Press 1994 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Need Levels A. Maslow 1971 Water and Health in an overcrowded World T.Halliday & B. Davey (Eds.) Oxford University Press Concepts of health; an analysis of lay logic : sociology 17,2:185-205 R ory Williams (1993)
© RSPH 2008 Learning Outcome 4 - Active participation in managing health - Working collaboratively with health service providers.
HYGIENE PROMOTION. Why should we wash our hands? To prevent and reduce the spread of infection. To prevent and reduce the spread of infection. Germs cause.
Healthy Habits Hand Washing. Types of Disease Received From Not Washing Hands Noroviruses Airbourne Illnesses Nosocimial Infections Hepatitus A.
The Chain of Infection How diseases spread.
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© RSPH 2008 RSPH Level 1 Award in HEALTH AWARENESS.
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©2016 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Chapter Eleven – Prevention of Illness through Infection Control Research Findings and Need for Wellness Policies.
What Are Communicable Diseases? When was the last time you had a cold? How did you treat it?
©2009 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved.. ©2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. Health Policies for Infection Control Prevention Protection.
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Information source: Swine Flu What is Swine Influenza? Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza.
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Influenza A (H1N1). What is Influenza A (H1N1)? Influenza A(H1N1) is caused by a novel virus that resulted from the reassortment of 4 viruses from pigs,
Pharmacy in Public Health: Levels of Disease Prevention Add course Date here.
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Hand Hygiene & Covering Your Cough Lauren Deming Lindsay Gigon Kate DeRonde.
Infection Control. 1. Explain how infectious diseases are spread, and list common preventive measures. 2. Identify and describe common bloodborne diseases.
Universal Precautions. Rule 1: All body fluid is contaminated. Rule 2: B + P = S B is blood or any body fluid. P is protection in the form of a barrier.
Food Safety The US has the safest food supply in the world due to a high level of regulation: laws which govern businesses and workers.
Safety and Sanitation. TYPES of ACCIDENTS and INJURIES Cuts Falls Burns Electrical Choking Other.
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© 2007 by Thomson Delmar Learning Chapter 12: Prevention of Illness in Early Childhood Education Environments Through Infection Control.
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