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Commune and Sangkat Election 3 June 2012 Kem Ley, 30 May 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Commune and Sangkat Election 3 June 2012 Kem Ley, 30 May 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Commune and Sangkat Election 3 June 2012 Kem Ley, 30 May 2012

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4 4 7,993 Seats8,283 CC Seats 2,660 Seats 2,155 Seats 800 CC Seas Total CC seats in 2007=11,353 2012= 11,459 Cambodia CC election

5 % of Valid Votes % of CC seats won

6 Cambodia CC election

7 Camboda CC election

8 8

9 9 Improve CC and NA election 1)Timeline 2) Affordability 3) Registration-ID 4) Environment 5) Seat Calculation Formula 6) Others

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11 11  EconomicExpenditure: 45% food, 19% House, Water, Electr, Fuel and 10% on Health Agriculture Production SME :  Social Welfare 1)MMR : 206/100,000 live birth 2)CPR : 51% all /35 % Modern 3)Delivery : 71% health personal /54 Health Facility 4)Under 5 CMR: 54 per 1000 live birth 5)Under 5 Anomies: 55% 6)Under 5 Stunt : 40% 7)Under 5 Underweight : 28% 8)Improved Toilet: 35% 9)Safety Drinking Water: 45% Wet /52% Dry Season 10)Children involved in EA: 45% 11)Child Labor (5-15):16% 12)NER :95% P35%LS 20.6% US, 5-6% higher E.

12 12 Feeling of safety from crime and violence and trust in police protection by sex of head of household. Percent. Heads of household feeling safe from crime and violence in neighborhood in % of all heads of households : 67.1%  Trusting the local police for protection : 60.9% (59.9% in Urban and 61.1% in Rural Household victimized by property crimes in percent of all households: 3.9% in 2004 and 2.6 % in 2009 1.Theft : 63.8% 2.Burglary: 32.9% 3.Robbery : 3.3% Urban : 2.5%, Rural :2.6%

13 13 Household victimized by property crimes in percent of all households: 3.9% in 2004 and 2.6 % in 2009. Reported to some authorities in % of all property crime: 29.8% in 2004, 29.6% in 2009 Reported to Authorities (Urban 2.5%, Rural: 2.6%) Trust to local police : 60.9% 1.Theft : 24.8% 1.Burglary: 34.6% 1.Robbery : 72.7%

14 14 Administrative Services Land Title :26% ( Not implemented at CC Birth Certificate: 95% Death Certificate:60% Marital Certificate: 50% ID-Card :90% Family Book :90% Passport : Not Implemented at CC Other Ceremonies

15 15 CDP Development needs Goals Strategies Priority activities Estimated resources Citizen’s feedback Stakeholders’ comments Draft of C/S Development Plan for CC, Provincial and District governor’s feedback and comments Review, Revise, approve and disseminate C/S Development Plan Effectiveness of implementation of C/S Development Plan and experiences for future

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17 17 CIP

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19 19 CDP Economic Sector Social Affairs Natural Resources and Environment Administrative and Security Services Gender

20 20 2008, 2.7% of National Revenues Or 60 millions US$ per year or 3,7000US$ per Commune or Sangkat

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23 23 The quality, efficiency and delivery of the public service in Cambodia still remain as challenges and cannot yet respond fully to the real needs of the people. 1)The quality of education at primary, secondary and tertiary levels is low; 2)The provision of quality public health services is still limited. the maternal mortality rate is still high 3)Progress in promoting health care services, sanitation and clean water in rural areas needs to be speeded up to meet the targets set in the Millennium Development Goals; 4)Lack of education, domestic violence and human trafficking are the major factors that handicap women from realizing their full potential in contributing to socio-economic development; 5)Access to electricity in rural areas is still limited; 6) Road networks remain below the needs; 7)Irrigation systems are still not meeting the needs

24 24 Administrative Reform-Redeployment and Functions Division In terms of governance, there are four major challenges. First, there is poor administrative performance, accountability and responsiveness to he needs of local communities. Although the Commune councils are elected and have the legal capacity to perform own functions and manage own resources to respond to the local development plan, their performance and capacity have been limited, as functions and financial resources have not been transferred. Further, the management systems and lines of accountability at the provincial and district level are not structured to respond to local needs.

25 25 Second, sub-national service delivery and regulation of markets and public goods are characterised by a confusing mix of centralised, decentralised and deconcentrated arrangements, and also the allocation of the management responsibilities and the use of public goods is still not 3 The PM’s speech at the 1st Council Ministers’ Meeting of the 4th NA mandate dated 26 Sept 2009 (on the 2nd Phase Rectangular Strategy) Chapter 1: Introduction National Program for Sub-National Democratic Development, 2010-2019 3 clearly defined between central and local governments and between local administrations themselves. While the technical capacity of government staff has improved, civil servant deployment is still not in line with the scale of functions and the priority needs of local communities. At the same time, conflicting and fragmented assignments of functions to different ministries has resulted in the creation of multiple sectoral programs that compete and have administrative management overlap amongst programs, projects and institutional responsibilities. This has further created complexity for responding to local needs.

26 26 Third, multiple conflicting development partner-financed programs exacerbate the problem. The focus on short term investment projects, vertical deconcentration and the use of salary top-ups threaten the institutional reform and long term capacity development envisioned in the Strategic Framework for D&D reform.

27 27 Fourth, in the process of democratic development, there are few functioning accountability mechanisms operating outside of elections, and political space for publicly debating, criticizing or protesting government policies.

28 28 SRP -2012 CC Election 1)Morality 2) Social Protection 3) Local resoluation 4) Civil Registration and Property 5) Secured Land 6)Community Enhancement (Fishery Community…) 7)Natural Resource Mgt 8) Governance and Transparency in using local resources 9) Resource Allocation 10) New Village Chief Election CPP-2012 CC Election 1)Social Orders 2) Public Services 3) Human Resources and Delegation 4) Democracy at grassroots Levels-Rule of Law 5) Sustainable Commune Development 6) Infrastructure 7) Natural Resources and Environment 8) Coordination 9) Solidarity

29 RangeRichestRicherMiddlePoorerPoorestUrban63.2%21.5%8.5%4.4%2.6%Rural8.3%18.4%22.0%24.7%26.5%Total23.7%19.2%18.2%19.0%19.9% Total # of HH 673,767545,836517,407540,150565,737 CDHS 2010, 2,842,897 Households, 13,395,682 Population, Secondary Data Analysis, Dec12,2011

30 Poverty Rate GIS-Province Year 2004200520062007200820092010 1-Banteay Meanchey 39.938.737.134.132.531.429.7 2-Battambang 37.836.535.433.331.729.728.7 3-Kampong Cham 4-Kampong Chhnang 37.937.236.735.634.232.330.4 5-Kampong Speu 41.440.339.537.335.232.230.1 6-Kampong Thom 41.140.539.337.736.534.432.7 7-Kampot 26.625.625.023.422.420.519.1 8-Kandal 27.626. 9-Koh Kong 34.834.732.630.729.026.525.1 10-Kracheh 43.943.342.541.540.238.637.1 11-Mondul Kiri 12-Phnom Penh 13-Preah Vihear 14-Prey Veng 33.2 15-Pursat 40.739.939.037.535.834.132.0 16-Ratanak Kiri 50.748.946.645.043.841.541.2 17-Siem Reap 42.240.738.836.034.432.331.1 18-Preah Sihanouk 31.630.729.424.822.820.519.6 19-Stung Treng 46.145.946.144.343.542.441.1 20-Svay Rieng 32.531.630.127.825.923.621.5 21-Takeo 31.630.729.228.126.825.223.4 22-Otdar Meanchey 46.645.944.042.340.639.136.5 23-Kep 33.633.031.528.625.222.821.4 24-Pailin 41.740.538.936.935.031.028.1

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