Presentation on theme: "Professor Stanley Henry BEAVER 1907 - 1984 Dr. Linda Stanier, Division of Geography University of Derby UNIVERSITY of DERBY."— Presentation transcript:
Professor Stanley Henry BEAVER
Dr. Linda Stanier, Division of Geography University of Derby UNIVERSITY of DERBY
Demographic ageing poses social, economic and political challenges, but the present and future predicted patterns vary spatially. This session examines the nature of these geographical patterns, with special reference to the UK and assesses the related impacts.
Definitions and images of ageing Definitions and images of ageing Patterns of ageing populations Patterns of ageing populationsTemporalSpatialGlobalEuropeanBritish Implications / Impacts Implications / Impacts - social - economic - health - political Prospect Prospect
Definitions of ‘old’ 60 + for women 65 + for men ‘young elderly’ 75 + ‘old elderly’ ‘Retirement’ age Contested nature of ageing. Socially constructed. ‘Meaning of old age changes over time and space.
“Old age can only be understood as a whole: it is not solely a biological but also a cultural fact.” Simone de Beauvoir (1972) ‘Old Age’ page 20
IMAGES OF ELDERLY PEOPLE POORFRAIL SICKIMMOBILE POORLY-HOUSEDDEPENDENT
“Old age is not about birthdays. Nor is oldness any longer a synonym for illness.” Eric Midwinter (1989)
IMAGES OF ELDERLY PEOPLE ell ff lder ersons et-setting ldies with oads of oot
“I don’t really care where it is going.” Beatrice Muller, 82, who lives on the QE2 because it is cheaper than staying in an old people’s home in America.
Ratio of over-60s to 15-to-60s in the United Kingdom Source: Government Actuary’s Department.
Source: Allon -Smith (1982)
Spatial patterns of proportion of persons aged 65 years + (M) and 60 years + (F) (Census, 2001) Christchurch (Dorset)33% Rother32% East Devon30% West Somerset29% Tendring29% Arun29% East Dorset29% West Dorset28% Eastbourne27%
Source: Phillips and Bartlett (1995)
Source: Phillips, A.D.M.(1993) The Potteries: continuity and change in a north Staffordshire conurbation
Social implicationsSocial implications Economic implicationsEconomic implications Health implicationsHealth implications Political implicationsPolitical implications
Social Implications Feminisation of ageing societies Care responsibilities Mobility / migration trends - ageing of labour migrants - migration by older people Physical, social exclusion Volunteering
Economic Implications Retirement age Age discrimination Material resources - housing Pensions Grey market
Health Implications Links between agencies Access to care Diversity of needs
Political Implications Grey electoral power Grey vote Lobbying
Myths ? Ageing is a permanent trend More old people mean an exponential rise in ill health and in dependency Ageing populations hinder economic growth
Prospect An asset More flexible approach towards retirement Home working Volunteering Articulate pressure group Targeted policies Link between agencies